Publisher : Asian Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies
DOI : 10.5713/ajas.2002.740
Title & Authors
Relationships among Gonad Weight, Liver Weight and Body Weight of Major, Common and Some Chinese Carps under Composite Culture System with Special Reference to Pond Fertilization Mahboob, Shahid; Sheri, A.N.;
The relationship of gonad weight and liver weight with body weight of six fish species viz; Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Hypophthlamichthys molitrix, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Cyprinus carpio under the influence of artificial feed, broiler manure, buffalo manure, N:P:K (25:25:0) and a control pond were examined after a rearing period of one year. The positive relationship between gonad weight and body weight was significant which showed the dependence of gonadal development on body weight in all the six fish species. The currelation coefficients were higher in female fishes. However, the major carps had a much smaller proportional gonadal weight as compared with Chinese carps and a common carp due to their faster growth rate. The overall comparison of six fish species under different experimental treatments revealed that highest liver weight was observed for C. idella closely followed by C. carpio. The maximum correlation value was observed with H. molitrix under the broiler manure. The maximum Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) remained as 32.63 for C. carpio followed by C. idella. The maximum value for Hepatosomatic Index (HSI). remained 1.99 for C. idella followed by C. mrigala.
Gonad;Liver;GSI;HIS;Composite Culture System;
AOAC. 1984. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (14th Ed.) Arlington, Virginia. p. 1141.
Bondari, K. 1980. Cage performance and quality comparison of tilapia and divergently selected channel catfish. Proc. Annu. Conf. Southeast.Assoc. Fish Wild. Ag. 34:88-98.
Delahunty, G. and V. L. DeVlaming. 1980. Seasonal relationships of ovary weight, liver weight and fat stores with body weight in the goldfish, Carassius auratus (L.) J. Fish. Biol. 16:5-13.
Dunham, R. A., J. A. Joyce, K. Bondari and S. P. Malvestuto. 1985. Evaluation of body conformation, and composition and density and traits for indirect selection for dressout percentage of channel catfish. Prog. Fish. Cult. 47:169-175.
Eliassen, J. E. and O. Vahl. 1982. Seasonal variations in the gonad size and the protein and water content of cod, Gadus morhua (L.) muscle from Northern Norway. J. Fish. Biol. 20:527-533.
Gupta, S. 1974. Observations on the reproductive biology of Mastatacembelus armatus (Lacepede). J. Fish. Biol. 6:13-21.
Htun-Han, M. 1978. The reproduction biology of the dab, Limanda limanda (L.) in the North Sea; gonadosomatic index, hepatosomatic index and condition factor. J. Fish. Biol. 13:269-278.
Javed, M. 1988. Growth performance and meat quality of major carps as influenced by pond fertilization and feed supplementation. Ph.D., thesis, Dept. of Zoology and Fisheries, Agri. Univ., Faisalabad, p. 281.
Lakshmanan, M. A. V., K. K. Sukumaran, D. S. Murty, D. P. Chakraborty and M. T. Philipore. 1971. Preliminary observations on intensive fish farming in fresh water ponds by the composite culture of Indian and exotic species. J. Inland. Fish. Soc. India. 2:1-21.
LeCren, E. D. 1951. The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). J. Anim. Ecol. 20:201-219.
Mahboob, S., A. N. Sheri and M. Javed. 1990. Observation on the biology of Cyprinus carpio. The 10th Congress of Zoology 26-27 May, Khanspur (Murree). Pak. J. Zool. Abstract, Series No. 10.
Mahboob, S. and A. N. Sheri. 1997. Relationships among ovary weight, liver weight and body weight in female grass carp C. idella. J. Aqua. Trop. 12:255-259.
Mann, R. H. K. 1976a. Observation on the age, growth, reproduction and food of the pike Esox lucius (L.) in two rivers in southern England. J. Fish Biol. 8:179-197.
Mann, R. H. K. 1976b. Observation on the age, growth, reproduction and food of the chub Leuciscus cephalus (L.) in the Rive Stour. Desert. J. Fish Biol. 8:265-288.
Meien, V. A. 1927. Observation on the yearly variations of the ovaries in the perch (Perca fluvuiatilus). Russk. Zool. Zh. 7, Vyp. 4.
Okera, W. 1979. Morphometrics, condition and gonad development of the East African Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker) and Sardinella albella (Valenciennes). J. Fish Biol. 6:801-812.
Sharma, K. P. and M. M. Simolt. 1971. Chemical composition of some commercially important fishes of Jaisamand lake, Udalpur. J. Inland.Fish. Soc. India. 111:121-122.
Smitherman, R. O., R. A. Dunham and D. Tave. 1983. Review of catfish breeding research at Auburn University 1969-1981. Aquaculture 33:197-205.