Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Statistical Genetic Studies on Cattle Breeding for Dairy Productivity in Bangladesh: II. Estimation of Reciprocal and Heterosis Effects and Optimum Crossbreeding System between the Local Breeds and Exotic Breeds for Milk Performance
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Statistical Genetic Studies on Cattle Breeding for Dairy Productivity in Bangladesh: II. Estimation of Reciprocal and Heterosis Effects and Optimum Crossbreeding System between the Local Breeds and Exotic Breeds for Milk Performance
Hossain, K.B.; Takayanagi, S.; Miyake, T.; Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H.; Sasaki, Y.;
  PDF(new window)
Reciprocal effects among local breeds and additive and heterosis effects were estimated for total milk production per lactation (TLP), lactation length (LL) and daily milk yield (DMY). Procedures for an optimum crossbreeding system were examined by comparing various crossbred combinations. Three data sets were chosen from the total records collected from 1962 to 1997. Data set I with a total of 5,938 records composed of 9 breed groups for reciprocal crosses, data set II with a total of 6,064 records composed of 5 breed groups for additive and heterosis effects and data set III with a total of 10,319 records composed of 42 breed groups for optimum crossbreeding system were analyzed. The least squares ANOVA was used. The reciprocal crosses between Red Sindhi and the Bangladeshi Local showed significant difference. When the Red Sindhi was used as cow, the cross was superior to the opposite in terms of the three performance traits. The results showed that additive breed effects on both TLP and DMY were positive and highly significant between Bos indicus and Bos taurus, whereas the individual heterosis effects were not significant. In general, any local breeds were improved two to three times by crossing with the Friesian once or twice. However, the effect was reduced when the grading up with the Friesian was repeated more than twice. On the other hand, when the local breed was crossed with the other breeds such as Holstein and Jersey, the improvement of TLP was less. Crossing the F1 cows with the Friesian bull gave further improvement. Almost the same trends were found also for LL and DMY. The local breeds and their crosses are raised mainly for draft animals, then it is recommended that the crossbreds between the local cows and Friesian are used for dairy purposes and more than 75% Friesian blood is used for beef.
Bangladeshi Cattle;Reciprocal Effects;Heterosis;Optimum Crossbreeding System;
 Cited by
Alba, de. J. and B. W. Kennedy. 1994. Genetic parameters of purebred and crossbred Milking Criollos in tropical Mexico. Anim. Prod. 58:159-165.

Ahlborn, B. G. and W. D. Hohenboken. 1991. Additive and nonadditive genetic effects on milk production in dairy cattle: evidence for major individual heterosis. J. Dairy Sci. 74(2):592-602.

Cartwright, T. C., G. F. Ellis, Jr., W. E. Krose and E. K. Crouch. 1964. Hybrid vigor in Brahman-Hereford crosses. Texas Apr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Monger 1.

Cunningham, E. P. 1981. Selection and crossbreeding strategies in adverse environments. In: Animal Genetic Resources Conservation and Management. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No 24. 279-288.

Cunningham, E. P. and O. Syrstad. 1987. Crossbreeding Bos indicus and Bos taurus for milk production in the tropics. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No. 68.

Dettmers, A. and B. Laseinde-Olotu. 1978. Performance of crossbred and pure breed cattle in selected Nigerian dairies. Proceedings of the First National Seminar on Dairy Development, Vom, Nigeria. (Ed. E. A. Olaloku and K. B. David-West). pp. 90-103.

Distol, O., G. Lechner and H. Krausslich. 1990. Analysis of crossbred generations by different genetic models in the German Gelbvieh population. J. Anim. Breed. Genet. 111:474-492.

Ericson, K., B. Danell and J. Rendel. 1988. Crossbreeding effects between two Swedish Dairy breeds for production traits. Livest. Prod. Sci. 20:175-192. crossref(new window)

Freitas, A. F., C. J. Wilcox and C. N. Costa. 1998. Breed group effects on milk production of Brazilian crossbred dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 81:2306-2311.

Hayatnagarkar, D. D., S. S. Yeotikar, K. S. Deshpande and S. K. Auradkar. 1990. Non-genetic and genetic factors affecting some production traits in rural crossbred cows. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 43:515-520.

Hirooka, H., A. F. Groen and J. H. J. Van der Werf. 1998. Estimation of additive and non-additive genetic parameters for carcass traits on bulls in dairy, dual purpose and beef cattle breeds. Livest. Prod. Sci. 54:99-105. crossref(new window)

Hirooka, H. and A. K. F. H. Bhuiyan. 1995. Additive and heterosis effects on milk yield and birth weight from crossbreeding experiments between Holstein and the local breed in Bangladesh. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 8(3):295-300.

Hossain, K. B., S. Takayanagi, T. Miyake, K. Moriya, A. K. F. H. Bhuiyan and Y. Sasaki. 2002. Statistical genetic studies on cattle breeding for dairy productivity in Bangladesh: I. Genetic improvement for milk performance of local cattle populations. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(5):627-632.

Koger, M., F. M. Peacock, W. G. Kirk and J. R. Crockett. 1975. Heterosis effects on weaning performance of Brahman-Shorthorn calves. J. Anim. Sci. 40:826-833.

Kohi, A. K., M. J. Mackinnon, W. Thorpe, R. L. Baker and D. Njubi. Estimation of individual and maternal additive genetic and heterotic effects for preweaning traits of Ayrshire, Brown Swiss and Sahiwal cattle in the low land tropics of Kenya. Livest. Prod. Sci. 44:139-146. crossref(new window)

Madsen, O. and K. Vinther. 1975. Performance of purebred and crossbred dairy cattle in Thailand. Anim. Prod. 21:209-216.

Mackinnon, M. J., W. Thorpe and R. L. Baker. 1996. Sources of genetic variation for milk production in a crossbred herd in the tropics. Anim. Sci. 62:5-16.

Mason, I. L. and V. Buvanendran. 1982. Breeding plan for ruminant livestock in the tropics. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No. 34.

Rege, J. E. O., G. S. Aboagye, S. Akah and B. K. Ahunu. 1994. Crossbreeding Jersey with Ghana Shorthorn and Sokoto Gudali cattle in a tropical environment: additive and heterotic effects for milk production, reproduction and calf growth traits. Anim. Prod. 59:21-29.

Roden, J. A. 1996. A comparison of alternative nucleus breeding systems and a sire referencing scheme for sheep improvement. Anim. Sci. 62:265-270.

SAS. 1990a. $SAS^{\circledR}$ Procedure Guide (Release 6.06). SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

SAS. 1990b. $SAS/STAT^{\circledR}$ User's Guide (Release 6.06). Vol.2. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Sharma, B. B. and F. Pirchner. 1991. Heterosis in Friesian${\times}$ Sahiwal crosses. J. Anim. Breed. Genet. 108:241:252.

Taneja, V. K. and P. N. Bhat. 1974. Estimation of additive and non-additive effects in Sahiwal${\times}$Friesian crossbreds, first World Congress on Genetics Applied to Animal Production, 9-11. Oct. Madrid(Spain) Vol. 3. 617.

Tibbo, K., G. Wiener and D. Fielding. 1994. A review of the performances of Jersey breed of cattle and its crosses in the tropics in relation to the Friesian or Holstein and indigenous breeds. Anim. Breed. Abstr. 62:719-757.

Udo, H. M. J., J. Mejiej, F. Dawood and A. A. Diskhuizen. 1992. The benefits of cattle in mixed farm systems in Pabna, Bangladesh. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 5(3):495-503.

Visscher, P. M. and M. E. Goddard. 1995. Genetic parameters for milk yield, survival, workability, and type traits for Australian dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 78:205-220.

Yadev, A. S., S. S. Rathi and S. P. Dahiya. 1992. Genetic parameters for economic traits in Sahiwal Cattle. Journal of Dairying Foods & Home Sciences 11:81-89.