JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Feeding Patterns and Sexes on Growth Rate, Carcass Trait and Grade in Korean Native Cattle
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Feeding Patterns and Sexes on Growth Rate, Carcass Trait and Grade in Korean Native Cattle
Choi, B.H.; Ahn, B.J.; Kook, K.; Sun, S.S.; Myung, K.H.; Moon, S.J.; Kim, J.H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The objectives of this study were to examine growth performance and meat quality by three different feeding patterns in Korean native cattle (KNC). In each of 3 years, fifteen KNC were randomly assigned in a (3 feeding management)(3 sex) factorial design experiment; thus, in total, there were 5 animals in each of the 9 treatments. The three feeding management treatments were longterm (24 month) restriction feeding (LTFR), long-term restriction feeding-hormone implant (LTFR-tH), and short-term (18 month) nonrestriction feeding (STFNR). Three sexes were bull, steer, and heifer. Concentrate diet was fed restriction-feeding method based on body weight in LTFR and LTFR-tH. However, the diet was fed ad libitum in STFNR. Hormonal implantation was made three times with M- for bulls and with F- for heifers at 18, 20, 22 month of age in LTFR-tH. Animal were purchased from the local cattle market and managed in two local farms and at the university research unit. Animals were slaughtered at 24 months for long-term trial and at 18 month for short-term trial. The growth rate was the highest in bulls and the lowest in heifers. However, the differences were diminished in F- implanted heifers. The average daily gain was high in STFNR due to ad libitum feeding. The carcass grade was similar among the treatments on percentage bases. Hormonal implants improved significantly the meat quality grade in all sexes. Castration increased body fat content and improved meat quality grade by intramuscular fat deposition. In conclusion, long-term feeding and hormone treatment increased meat quality grade more than short-term feeding. However, ADG was higher in the short-term trial although feedefficiency was lower.
 Keywords
Growth Rate;Carcass Grade;Feeding Pattern;Korean Native Cattle;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
한우 미경산우의 성장단계별 발육 및 출하시기별 도체특성에 관한 연구,이상민;장선식;정기용;김형철;권응기;박병기;이은미;김현섭;강희설;이성실;조영무;

동물자원연구, 2013. vol.24. 1, pp.52-59 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

2.
Arthaud, V. H., C. H. Adams, D. R. Jacobs and R. M. Koch. 1969. Comparison of carcass traits of bulls and steers. J. Anim. Sci. 28:742.

3.
Arthaud, V. H., R. W. Mandigo, R. M. Koch and A. W. Kotula. 1977. Carcass composition, quality and palatability attributes of bulls and steers fed different energy levels and killed at four ages. J. Anim. Sci. 44:53.

4.
Bohorov, O., P. J. Buttery, J. H. R. D. Correia and J. B. Soar. 1987. The effect of the b-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol or implementation with estradiol plus trenbolone acetate on protein in wether lambs. Br. J. Nutr. 57:99. crossref(new window)

5.
Field, R. A. 1971. Effect of castration on meat quality and quantity. J. Anim. Sci. 32:849.

6.
Forsberg, N. E., M. A. Ilian, A. Ali-Bar, P. R. Cheeke and N. R. Wehr. 1989. Effects of cimaterol on rabbit growth and myofibrillar protein degradation and on calcium-dependent proteinases and calpastatin activities in skeletal muscle. J. Anim. Sci. 67:3313.

7.
Glimp, H. A., S. P. Hart and D. VonTungeln. 1989. Effect of altering nutrient density and restricting energy intake on rate, efficiency and composition of growing lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 67:865.

8.
Griffin, D. B., J. W. Savell, J. B. Morgan, R. P. Garrett and H. R. Cross. 1992. Estimates of subprimal yields from beef carcasses as affected by USDA grades, subcutaneous fat trim level, and carcass sex class and type. J. Anim. Sci. 70:2411.

9.
Harvey, W. R. 1975. Least square analysis of data with unequal subclass number, USDA Agricultural Research Service H-4.

10.
Hedrick, H. B. 1968. Bovine growth and composition. Univ. of Missouri Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 928.

11.
Heitzman, R. H. 1980. Manipulation of protein metabolism, with special reference to anabolic agents. In: Protein Deposition in Animals. (Ed. P. J. Buttery). Butterworths, London. p. 193.

12.
Hicks, R. B., F. N. Owens, D. R. Gill, J. J. Martin and C. A. Strasia. 1990. Effets of controlled feed intake on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers and heifer. J. Anim. Sci. 68:223.

13.
Hong, S. K., B. H. Baek, S. H. Kang and W. M. Cho. 1996. Effects of restricted feeding and market weights on the carcass characteristics of hanwoo steers. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 38:215-230.

14.
Knapp, R. H., C. A. Terry, J. W. Savell, H. R. Cross, W. L. Mies and J. W. Edwards. 1989. Characterization of cattle types to meet specific beef targets. J. Anim. Sci. 67:2294.

15.
Lobley, G. E., A. Connell, V. Buchan, P. A. Skene and J. M. Fletcher. 1987. Administration of testosterone to wether lambs: effects on protein and energy methbolism and growth hormone status. J. Endocrinology 119:439. crossref(new window)

16.
MAF. 1996. Regulation and application of carcass grade in Korean native cattle. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Korea.

17.
Morgan, J. B., S. J. Jones and C. R. Calkins. 1989. Muscle protein turnover and tenderness in broiler chickens fed cimaterol. J. Anim. Sci. 67:2646.

18.
Old, C. A. and W. N. Garrett. 1987. Effects of energy intake on energetic efficiency and body composition of beef steers differing in size at maturity. J. Anim. Sci. 65:1371.

19.
Paek, B, H., B. S. Lee, Y. K. Kim, B. D. Cho and K. S. Lee. 1993. Optimization of marketing weight for meat quality of fattening Korean cattle. RDA. J. Agric. Sci. 35:499-506.

20.
Plegge, S. D., A. DiCostanzo, S. A. Hansen and J. C. Meiske. 1985. Effect of feed intake on performance of yearling steer. Minesota Cattle Feeders' Report, p. 14.

21.
Plegge, S. D., T. M. Peters, A. DiCostanzo and J. C. Meiske. 1986. Effect of restricting feed intake on performance of yearling steers. Minnesota Cattle Feeders' Report, p. 1.

22.
Reeds, P. J., S. M. Hay, P. M. Dorward and R. M. Palmer. 1986. Stimulation of muscle growth by clenbuterol: lack of effect on muscle protein biosynthesis. Br. J. Nutr. 56:249. crossref(new window)

23.
Seideman, S. C., H. R. Cross, R. R. Oltjen and B. D. Schanbacher. 1982. Utilization of the intact male for red meat production: A reveiw. J. Anim. Sci. 55:826.

24.
Smith, G. C., J. W. Savell, R. P. Clayton, T. G. Field, D. B. Griffin, D. S. Hale, M. F. Miller, T. H. Montgomery, J. B. Morgan, J. D. Tatum and J. W. Wise. 1992. Improving Consistency and Quality of Beef: A Blueprint for total Quality Management in the Fed-Beef Industry. The Final Report of the National Beef Quality Audit-1991. National Cattlemen's Association, Engle wood, CO.

25.
Trenkle, A. 1987. Combining TBA, estrogen implants results in additive growth promoting effects in steers. Feedstuffs, January 26, 1987, pp. 43-45.

26.
Wagner, J. J. 1987. Effect of restricting feed intake during the finishing phase on feedlot performance and dietary energy utilization. South Dakota Beef Report, p. 23.

27.
Wheeler, T. L. and M. Koohmaraie. 1992. Effects of the $\beta$-adrenergic agonist L644,969 on muscle protein turnover, endogenous proteinase activities, and meat tenderness in steers. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3035.

28.
Williams, P. E. V., L. Pagliani, G. M. Innes, K. Pennie, C. I. Harris and P. Garthwaite. 1987. Effect of a $\beta$-adrenergic agonist (clenbuterol) on growth, carcass composition, protein and energy metabolism of veal calves. Br. J. Nutr. 57:417. crossref(new window)

29.
Zinn, R. A. 1986. Programming feed intake to optimize performance of feedlot cattle. In: Feed Intake by Beef Cattle (Ed. F. N. Owens). Proc. Symp. pp. 290-296. Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Sta. MP-121.