Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Economic Assessments of Hormonal and Nutritional Treatments for Improvement of Awassi Sheep Production in Jordan
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Economic Assessments of Hormonal and Nutritional Treatments for Improvement of Awassi Sheep Production in Jordan
Nasr, R.E.; Haddad, S.G.; Al-Karablieh, E.K.;
  PDF(new window)
The animal production sector in Jordan is characterized by shortages of locally produced feedstuffs derived from rangeland, forage plants or from human food crops as by products. This is exacerbated by insufficient rainfall, overgrazing, early grazing and high stocking rate. Thus, subject to these constraints, other technological improvements are highly desirable to meet the needs of crop growth and animal production. Alternative adapted technologies are also desirable in order to meet the increased demand for red meat in relation to population growth along with the changes in the price subsidy for feedstuff. The technologies are those, which have been introduced to the animal production sector, obtained in agricultural research stations besides on-farm demonstrations. They include technologies suited for increasing birth and twining rates, synchronizing the mating period, introducing the early weaning method, and animal feed and sheep production. Economic assessments conducted in this study demonstrate promising results of hormonal and nutritional practices in improving production efficiency of Awassi sheep in Jordan. Jordanian published data between 1991 and 1998 were used. The examined practices were: 1) use of PMSG in estrus synchronization in ewes, 2) introduction of early lamb weaning program, 3) supplementation with for ewes and 4) the use of agro-industrial feed block as a feed supplement for grazing lambs. Production data were then subjected to partial budgeting for economical evaluation. The use of PMSG outperformed the control groups in fertility and net returns per ewe by US$ 8.36/ewe. The early weaning of lambs increased the net returns by US$ 3.90/lamb. The injection with vitamin showed an average additional net return of US$ 5.66/ewe. Feeding agriculture by-product blocks improved weight gain in the feed block groups and resulted in additional net returns of US$ 3.5/lamb. The economic viability and reproductive performance indicators demonstrate that efforts should be undertaken to disseminate these new practices in the development program.
Production Efficiency;PMSG;;Economics;
 Cited by
The effect of estrus synchronization programmes on parturition time and some reproductive characteristics of Saanen goats, Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2016, 44, 1, 376  crossref(new windwow)
Al-Haboby, A. H., T. A. Abdul-Kareem and G. K. Khatab. 1997. Effect of vitamin A on the reproductive performance of Awassi sheep. In: Improvement of Crop-livestock Integration Systems in West Asia and North Africa (Ed. N. Haddad, R. Tutwiler and E. Thomson). ICARDA. pp. 300-305.

Awawdeh, F. T. 1994. The effect of early weaning on milk production and growth rate of Awassi lambs. In: Crop and Livestock Improvement in Mashreq Region (Ed. N. Haddad, and R. Tutwiler). ICARDA. pp. 237-250.

CBJ. 1998. Monthly Statistical Bulletin. Vol. 34. No. 5&6. Department of Research and Studies. Central Bank of Jordan. Amman, Jordan. July & August.

DOS. 1998. Statistical Yearbook, No. 48. Department of Statistics, Amman.

ICARDA. 1991-1998. Increased productivity of barley, pasture and sheep. Mashreq Project - annual reports (1991-1992, 1992-1993, 1993-1994, 1994-1995, 1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1997-1998). West Asia Regional Research Program. Amman. Jordan.

Lubbadeh, W. F. 1986a. The use of progesterone and PMSG in the control of estrus and twinning in Awassi sheep. Dirasat-Agricultural Science: 13(1):85-91.

Lubbadeh, W. F. 1986b. Estrus synchronization and increasing twinning rate in Awassi sheep. Dirasat-Agricultural Science:13(1):55-66.

Nor, B. and H. Strobel. 1996. Application of a regional sector model for the evaluation of livestock sector production system in Jordan. Seminar on Livestock Policy Analysis in Jordan. 24-26 March 1966. Amman. Jordan.

Norton, R. D. 1988. Policy analysis for food and agricultural development: basic data series and their uses. Report prepared for the office of International Cooperation and Development, United State Department of Agriculture.

Salman, A. D., K. K. Khatab and K. Ibrahim. 1997. Using urea feed block in fatting Awassi lambs. In: Improvement of Crop-Livestock Integration Systems in West Asia and North Africa (Ed. N. Haddad, R. Tutwiler and E. Thomson). ICARDA. pp. 390-394.

Scott, G. E. 1982. The Sheepman's Production Handbook. Sheep Industry Development Program Inc. Abegg printing,Co., Inc., Denver. Colorado. pp. 2-29.