Advanced SearchSearch Tips
In-sacco Degradability of Dietary Combinations Formulated with Naturally Fermented Wheat Straw as Sole Roughage
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
In-sacco Degradability of Dietary Combinations Formulated with Naturally Fermented Wheat Straw as Sole Roughage
Pannu, M.S.; Kaushal, J.R.; Wadhwa, M.; Bakshi, M.P.S.;
  PDF(new window)
Twelve dietary combinations were prepared using 70 parts of fermented wheat straw (FWS) as the sole roughage supplemented with 30 parts of either the low protein concentrate mixture (Conc.-I), high protein concentrate mixture (conc.-II), maize grains (M), solvent extracted mustard cake (DMC), deoiled rice bran (DRB), uromol bran mixture (UBM), deep stacked poultry litter (DSPL), dried poultry droppings (DPD), M-DMC mixture (50:50), M-UBM mixture (50:50), M-DPD mixture (50:50) or M-UBM-DPD mixture (50:25:25) and evaluated by in-sacco technique. The above dietary combinations were also evaluated by changing the roughage to concentrate ratio to 60:40. The digestion kinetics for DM and CP revealed that FWS:DPD had the highest, whereas, the FWS:M-DMC had the lowest rapidly soluble fraction. The potentially degradable fraction was found to be maximum in FWS:M and minimum in FWS:DPD dietary combinations. The higher degradation rate of FWS:DRB and FWS:UBM combinations was responsible for their significantly (p<0.05) higher effective degradability as compared to other combinations. The highest undegradable fraction noted in FWS:M-UBM-DPD followed by FWS:DMC was responsible for high rumen fill values. The FWS:DRB, FWS:UBM and FWS:DPD combinations had higher potential for DM intake. The dietary combination with higher concentrate level (60:40) was responsible for higher potentially degradable fraction, which was degraded at a faster rate resulting in significantly higher effective degradability as compared to the corresponding dietary combination with low concentrate level (70:30). The low undegradable fraction in the high concentrate diet was responsible for low rumen fill values, which predicted of high potential for DM intake. Out of 24 dietary combinations, FWS with either of UBM, DRB, DMC, Maize, M-DMC or DPD in 70:30 ratio supplemented with minerals and vitamin A in comparison to conventional feeding practice (roughage and concentrate mixture) could be exploited as complete feed for different categories of ruminants.
Fermented Wheat Straw;Urea;Conventional/Non-conventional Protein;Energy Supplements;In-sacco Degradability;
 Cited by
Effect of Naturally Fermented Wheat Straw Based Complete Feeds on the Growth of Buffalo Calves,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2002. vol.15. 11, pp.1568-1572 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 14th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Bakshi, M. P. S., V. K. Gupta and P. N. Langar, 1986. Fermented straw as a complete basal ration for ruminants. Agric. Wastes 16:37-46. crossref(new window)

Bakshi, M. P. S., V. K. Gupta and P. N. Langar. 1987. Effect of moisture level on the chemical composition and nutritive value of fermented straw. Biol. Wastes 21:283-89. crossref(new window)

Bakshi, M. P. S. and P. N. Langar. 1990. Effect of feeding naturally fermented wheat straw on the availability of nutrients and growth of buffalo calves. Proc National Symposium Buffalo Development for Economical Returns. pp. 23-27.

Bakshi, M. P. S. and P. N. Langar. 1994. Utilization of naturally fermented urea crop residues in buffalo production. Buffalo J. 10: 19-27.

Bakshi, M. P. S., V. M. Wadhawan, M. Wadhwa and P. N. Langar. 1995. In sacco rumen degradability of deep stacked poultry litter. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 65:84-87.

Bakshi, M. P. S. and M. Wadhwa. 1999. Feeding strategies for incorporating crop residues in ruminants ration. Proc Anim. Nutr. Conf (Ed. K. K. Singhal and S. N. Rai). pp. 52-58.

Crampton, E. W. and L. A. Maynard. 1938. The relation of cellulose and lignin content to the nutritive value of animal feeds. J. Nutr. 15:383-95. crossref(new window)

Dahiya, S. S., S. S. Sengar and V. D. Mudgal. 1991. Effect of feeding urea (ammonia) treated wheat straw with cotton seed cake on the nutrient utilization and milk production in buffaloes. Int J. Anim. Sci. 6:133-37.

Lamba, J. S., M. Wadhwa and M. P. S. Bakshi. 2002. Effect of feeding naturally fermented wheat straw on the productive and reproductive performance of lactating buffaloes. Bubalus bubalis 8 (in press).

McDonald, J. 1981. A revised model for the estimation of protein degradability in the rumen. J. Agric. Sci. Camb 96:251-52. crossref(new window)

Mehrez, A. Z. and E. R. Orskov. 1977. A study of artificial fibre-bag technique for determining digestibility of feeds in the rumen. J. Agric. Sci. 88:645-50. crossref(new window)

NRC. 1989. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th edn. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Orskov, E. R., G. W. Reid and M. Kay. 1988. Prediction of intake by cattle from degradation characteristics of roughages. Anim. Prod. 46:29-34. crossref(new window)

Robertson, J. B. and P. J. VanSoest. 1981. The detergent system of analysis and its application to human foods. In: Analysis of Dietary Fibre in Food (Ed. W. P. T. James and O. Theander). Merck Dekker Inc, New York. pp. 123-158.

Snedecor, G. W. and W. G. Cochran. 1968. Statistical Methods. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, Bombay.

Van Eys, J. E. 1982. Ruminal digestion of tall fescue red clover herbage. Ph.D. dissertation, West Virginia University, Morgantown.

Wadhwa, M., Dharam Paul, P. Kataria and M. P. S. Bakshi. 1998. Effect of particle size of corn grains on the release of nutrients and in-sacco degradability. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 72:11-17. crossref(new window)