JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Nutritive Evaluation of Some Browse Tree Legume Foliages Native to Semi-arid Areas in Western Tanzania
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Nutritive Evaluation of Some Browse Tree Legume Foliages Native to Semi-arid Areas in Western Tanzania
Rubanza, C.D.K.; Shem, M.N.; Otsyina, R.; Ichinohe, T.; Fujihara, T.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Browse tree legume leaves from Acacia spp (A. nilotica, A. tortilis, A. polyacantha), Dichrostachys sp, Flagea villosa, Piliostigma thonningii, Harrisonia sp were evaluated for nutritive potential (chemical compositions and degradability characteristics) compared to Gliricidia sepium. Effect of tannins anti-nutritive activity on digestibility was also assessed by polyethylene glycol (PEG) tannin bioassay. Crude protein (CP), ash, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and acid detergent lignin (ADL) differed (p<0.05) between legume foliages. Mean CP, ash, NDF, ADF and ADL for fodder species tested were 158, 92, 385, 145, and 100 g/kg DM, respectively. CP ranged from 115 (P. thonningii) to 205 g/kg DM (G. sepium). Acacia spp had moderate CP values (g/kg DM) of 144 (A. nilotica), to high CP in A. tortilis (188) and A. polyacantha (194) comparable to G. sepium. The forages had relatively lower fiber compositions. A. nilotica had (p<0.05) lowest NDF, ADF and ADL (182, 68 and 44) compared to P. thonningii (619, 196 and 130) g/kg DM, respectively. Except G. sepium, all fodder species had detectable high phenolic and tannin contents greater than 5% DM, an upper beneficial level in animal feeding and nutrition. Mean total phenolics (TP), total tannins (TT) and condensed tannins (CT) (or proanthocyanidins) for fodder species tested were 139, 113 and 43 mg/g DM, respectively. F. villosa had (p<0.05) lowest TP and TT of 65 and 56 mg/g DM, respectively, compared to A. nilotica (237 and 236 mg/g DM, respectively). The CT varied (p<0.05) from 6 (F. villosa) to 74 mg/g DM (Dichrostachys sp). In vitro organic matter (OM) degradability (OMD) differed (p<0.05) between fodder species. G. sepium had (p<0.05) high degradability potential compared to A. polyacantha that had (p<0.05) the lowest OMD values. Forage degradability ranked: G. sepium>A. nilotica>P. thonningi>F. villosa>Dichrostachys sp>A. tortilis>A. polyacantha. Addition of PEG resulted to (p<0.05) improvement in in vitro OM digestibility (IVD). Increase in IVD was mainly due to binding action of PEG on tannins; and represents potential nutritive values previously depressed by tannins anti-nutritive activity. Browse fodder has potential as sources of ruminal nitrogen especially for ruminants consuming low quality roughages due to high protein, lower fiber compositions and high potential digestibility. However, utilization of browse supplements in ruminants is hampered by high phenolic and tannin contents. Deactivation of tannin anti-nutritive activity, possibly by feeding tanniniferous browse with other readily available nitrogen sources to dilute tannin anti-nutritive activity could improve utilization of browse fodder supplements. Further studies are needed to assess browse fodder palatability and intake, and their effect on growth performance in ruminants.
 Keywords
Anti-nutritive Factors;Tree Legumes;Legume Fodder;Nutritive Value;Tannin Bioassay;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Determination of Nutritive Value of Citrus Tree Leaves for Sheep Using In vitro Gas Production Technique,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 4, pp.529-535 crossref(new window)
2.
Feeding Acacia saligna to Sheep and Goats with or without the Addition of Urea or Polyethylene Glycol,;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 10, pp.1551-1556 crossref(new window)
3.
The Effects of Feeding Acacia saligna on Feed Intake, Nitrogen Balance and Rumen Metabolism in Sheep,;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 9, pp.1367-1373 crossref(new window)
1.
Chemical composition and nutritive value of four varieties of cassava leaves grown in South-Western Nigeria, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2011, 95, 5, 583  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Nutritive evaluations of some browse tree foliages during the dry season: Secondary compounds, feed intake and in vivo digestibility in sheep and goats, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2006, 127, 3-4, 251  crossref(new windwow)
3.
In vitro ruminal fermentation kinetics and energy utilization of three Mexican tree fodder species during the rainy and dry period, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2010, 160, 3-4, 110  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Effects of exogenous enzymes on in vitro gas production kinetics and ruminal fermentation of four fibrous feeds, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2013, 179, 1-4, 46  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Effect of Tannin-Binding Agents (Polyethylene Glycol and Polyvinylpyrrolidone) Supplementation onIn VitroGas Production Kinetics of Some Grape Yield Byproducts, ISRN Veterinary Science, 2011, 2011, 1  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Impact of season of harvest on in vitro gas production and dry matter degradability of Acacia saligna leaves with inoculum from three ruminant species, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2005, 123-124, 67  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Potential nutritive value and tannin bioassay of selectedAcacia species from Kenya, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2007, 87, 8, 1533  crossref(new windwow)
8.
Effect of polyethylene glycol 4000 supplementation on the performance of indigenous Pedi goats fed different levels of Acacia nilotica leaf meal and ad libitum Buffalo grass hay, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2008, 40, 3, 229  crossref(new windwow)
9.
Effects of Acacia nilotica, A. polyacantha and Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal supplementation on performance of Small East African goats fed native pasture hay basal forages, Small Ruminant Research, 2007, 70, 2-3, 165  crossref(new windwow)
10.
In vitro fermentation and microbial protein synthesis of some browse tree leaves with or without addition of polyethylene glycol, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2007, 138, 3-4, 318  crossref(new windwow)
11.
Degradation characteristics and tannin bioassay of some browse forage from Kenya harvested during the dry season, Animal Science Journal, 2006, 77, 4, 414  crossref(new windwow)
12.
In vitrogas production of foliage from three browse tree species treated with different dose levels of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2016, 100, 5, 920  crossref(new windwow)
13.
The effect of supplementing leaves of four tannin-rich plant species with polyethylene glycol on digestibility and zootechnical performance of zebu bulls (Bos indicus), Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2014, 98, 3, 417  crossref(new windwow)
14.
Variation in quantity and quality of native forages and grazing behavior of cattle and goats in Tanzania, Livestock Science, 2013, 157, 1, 173  crossref(new windwow)
15.
Oral administration of leaf extracts to rumen liquid donor lambs modifies in vitro gas production of other tree leaves, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2012, 176, 1-4, 94  crossref(new windwow)
16.
The content of protein, fibre and minerals of leaves of selected Acacia species indigenous to north-western Tanzania, Archives of Animal Nutrition, 2007, 61, 2, 151  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Abdulrazak, S. A., E. A. Orden, T. Ichinohe and T. Fujihara. 2000a. Chemical composition, phenolic concentration and in vitro gas production characteristics of selected Acacia fruits and leaves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:935-940.

2.
Abdulrazak, S. A., T. Fujihara, T. Ondiek and E. R. ∅rskov. 2000b. Nutritive evaluation of some Acacia from Kenya. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 85:89-98.

3.
Annison, E. F. and W. L. Bryden. 1998. Perspectives on ruminant nutrition and metabolism. I. Metabolism in the Rumen. Nutr. Res. Rev. 11:173-198.

4.
AOAC .1990. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. 15th edn. Vol. II. Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.

5.
ARC. 1990. The Nutrients Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. Fourth edition, pp. 73-310. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, UK.

6.
Fadel Elseed, A. M. A., A. E. Amin, Khadiga, A. Abdel Ati, J. Sekine, M. Hishinuma and K. Hamana. 2002. Nutritive evaluation of some fodder tree species during the dry season in central Sudan. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:844-850.

7.
Fonseca A. J. M., A. A. Dias-da-Silva and E. R. Orskov. 1998. In sacco degradation characteristics as predictors of digestibility and voluntary intake of roughages by mature ewes. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 72:205-219.

8.
Getachew, G., H. P. S. Makkar and K. Becker. 2000. Effect of polyethylene glycol on in vitro degradability of nitrogen and microbial protein synthesis from tannin-rich browse and herbaceous legumes. Br. J. Nutr. 84:73-83.

9.
Gutteridge, R. C. and M. Shelton. 1994. The role of forage tree legumes in cropping and grazing systems. In: (Ed. R. C. Gutteridge and M. Shelton) Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture, pp. 3-14. CAB International Wallingford, UK.

10.
Hungate, R. E. 1966. The rumen and its microbes. Academic press, New York, San Francisco and London, p. 533.

11.
Jolkumen-Tiito, R. 1985. Phenolics constituents in the leaves of northern willows: Methods for the analysis of certain phenolics. J. Agric. Food Chem. 33:213-217.

12.
Kakengi, A. M, M. N. Shem, E. P. Mtengeti and R. Otsyina. 2001. Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal as a supplement to diet of grazing dairy cattle in semiarid western Tanzania Agrof. Syst. 52:73-82.

13.
Khazaal, K. and E. R. Orskov. 1994. The in vitro gas production technique on its potential use with insoluble polyvinyl polypyrrolidone (PVPP) for the assessment of Phenolics related anti-nutritive factors in browse species. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 47:305-320.

14.
Kumar, R. and J. P. F. D’Mello. 1995. Anti-nutritional Factors in Forage Legumes. In: (Ed. J. P. F. D’Mello and C. Devendra) Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition. pp. 95-124. CAB International, Wallington, U.K.

15.
Le Houerou, H. N. 1980. Browse in Northern Africa. In: (Ed. H. N. Le Houerou) Browse in Africa: The Current state of knowledge. pp. 55-82. ILCA Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

16.
Leng, R. A. 1990. Factors affecting the utilization ‘poor- quality’ forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions. Nutr. Res. Rev. 3:277-303. crossref(new window)

17.
Makkar, H. P. S. and K. Becker. 1996. A bioassay for polyphenols (tannins). Polyphenols communications 96, Bordenaux, France, July 15-18, 1996.

18.
Makkar, H. P. S. and K. Becker. 1998. Do tannins in leaves of trees and shrubs from African and Himalayan regions differ in level and activity? Agrof. System. 40:59-68.

19.
Makkar, H. P. S. 2000. Quantification of tannins in tree foliage. A laboratory manual for the FAO/IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project on ‘Use of Nuclear and Related techniques to Develop Simple Tannin Assays for Predicting and Improving the safety and Efficiency of Feeding Ruminants on Tanniniferous Tree Foliage’. Joint FAO/IAEA of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture. Animal Production and Health Sub-programme, FAO/ IAEA Working Document, IAEA Vienna, Austria, 2000, p. 26.

20.
Makkar, H. P. S. and K. Becker. 1993. Behaviour of tannic acid from various commercial sources towards redox, metal complexing and protein precipitation assays of tannins. J. Sci. Food Agric. 62:295-299 crossref(new window)

21.
Makkar, H. P. S., M. Blummel and K. Becker. 1995. Formation of complexes between polyvinyl polypyrrolidones or polyethylene glycols and tannins and their implication in gas production and true digestibility in in vitro techniques. Br. J. Nutr. 73:897-913.

22.
Makkar, H. P. S., M. Blummel., N. K. Borrowy and K. Becker. 1993. Gravimetric determination of tannins and their correlations with chemical and protein precipitation methods. J. Sci. Food Agric. 6:161-165.

23.
Mangan, J. 1988. Nutritional Effects of tannins in animal feeds. Nutri. Res. Rev. 1:209–231.

24.
Menke, K. H. and H. Steingass. 1988. Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Anim. Res. Dev. 28:7-55.

25.
Norton, B. W. 1994. The nutritive value of tree legumes, In: (Ed. R. C. Gutteridge and H. M. Shelton) pp. 177-191. Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture. CAB International Wallingford, UK.

26.
Orskov, E. R. and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of Protein degradation in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to the rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. 92:499-503. crossref(new window)

27.
Otsyina, R. M., D. Asenga and M. Mumba. 1994. Tanzania International centre for research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) Agroforestry research project, Shinyanga, Agroforestry Research network for Africa (AFRENA), Annual Progress report. No. 96, p. 80.

28.
Otsyina R. M, I. Issae and D. Asenga. 1997. Traditional grasslands and fodder management systems in Tanzania and potential for improvement. Proceedings of the International Centre Grassland Congress, Saskatoon, Ottawa, Canada, March 1997.

29.
Porter, L. J., L. N. Hrstich and B. G. Chan. 1996. The conversion of proanthocyanidins and prodelphinidins to cyaniding and delphinidin. Phyt. Chem. 25:223-230.

30.
Reed, J. D. 1986. Relationship among soluble phenolics, insoluble proanthocyanidins and fiber in east African Browse specie. J. Range Manag. 39:5-7. crossref(new window)

31.
Rubanza, C. D. K. 1999. The effect of Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) leaf meal supplementation on growth performance of cattle grazing on traditionally conserved forages (Ngitiri). MSc. Dissertation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania

32.
SAS/Statview (1999) Using Statview. Statistical Analytical System (SAS) Inc. Third edition. SAS Inc, p. 288.

33.
Shayo, C. M. and P. Uden. 1999. Nutritional uniformity of neutral detergent solubles in some tropical browse leaf and pod diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 82:63-73.

34.
Shem, M. N., A. M. V. Kakengi and R. M. Otsyina. 1998. Effect of Leucaena Leaf meal supplementation on milk yield in the semi-arid tropics of Tanzania. British Society of Animal Science Occasional Publication, No. 21.

35.
Tolera, A., K. Khazaal, E. R. Orskov. 1997. Nutritive evaluation of some browse species. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 69, 143-154.

36.
Topps, J. H. 1992. Nutritive value of indigenous browse in Africa in relation to the needs of wild ungulates. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 69:143-154. crossref(new window)

37.
Van Soest, P. J. 1994. Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminants. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, p. 476.

38.
Van Soest, P .J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch carbohydrates in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74, 3583-3597.

39.
Woodward, A. and J. S. Reed. 1989. The influence of polyphenolics on the nutritive value of browse: A summary of research conducted at ILCA Bull. 35:2-11