Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Yeast Chromium and L-carnitine on Lipid Metabolism of Broiler Chickens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Yeast Chromium and L-carnitine on Lipid Metabolism of Broiler Chickens
Wang, Jundong; Du, Rong; Qin, Jian; Wang, Shaolin; Wang, Wenkui; Li, Hongquan; Pang, Quanhai;
  PDF(new window)
A (chromium and L-carnitine) experiment was designed to investigate the single and interactive effects of adding yeast Cr and L-carnitine to corn-soybean meal diets on lipid metabolism of broiler chickens. Four hundred and eighty one-day-old avian chickens were randomly allocated to 12 treatments of 40 each for 7 weeks. Levels of adding Cr were 0, 400, and those of Lcarnitine was 0, 30, 50, 100 mg/kg, respectively. The result showed that adding Cr or 100 mg/kg L-carnitine alone had better regulative effects on fat and cholesterol metabolism than lower adding levels. Effects were more significant at the end of the experiment. There were significantly interactive effects between Cr and L-carnitine on triaclyglycerol, whole cholesterol, HDL, dissociating FFA, and blood glucose, cholesterol and triaclyglycerol of liver, and cholesterol of chest muscle at the end of experiment (p=0.0001-0.0315). But Cr or L-carnitine had no significant effect on growth performance of broiler chickens (p>0.05).
Broiler Chickens;Cooperative Effect;Lipid Metabolism;L-carnitine;Yeast Chromium;
 Cited by
Effects of Dietary Acetyl-L-Carnitine on Meat Quality and Lipid Metabolism in Arbor Acres Broilers,Zhang, Yong;Ma, Qiugang;Bai, Xiumei;Zhao, Lihong;Wang, Qiang;Ji, Cheng;Liu, Laiting;Yin, Haicheng;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2010. vol.23. 12, pp.1639-1644 crossref(new window)
Amoikon, E. K., J. M. Fernandez, L. L. Southern, D. L. Thompson, T. L. Ward and B. M. Olcott. 1995. Effect of chromium tripicolinate on growth, glucose to lerance, insulin .sensitivity, plasma metabolites, and growth hormone in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1123-1130.

Bian, J. C., Y. W. Xiang and X. X. Yang. 1997. Effect of Cr on thyroid hormone and cyclic nucliotide in rats with myocardial damage. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica, 19:465-467.

Bunting, L. D., J. M. Fernandez, D. L. Thompson and L. L. Southern. 1994. Influence of chromium picolinate on glucose usage and metabolic criteria in growing holstein calves. J. Anim. Sci. 72:1591-1599.

Guo, Y. L., X. G. Luo and Z. L. Hao. 1999. Effect of Cr on growth performance, serum biochemical traits, immune function and carcass quality of broiler chickens. Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 32:79-86.

Hossain, S. M., S. L. Barreto and C. G. Silva. 1998. Growth performance and carcass composition of broilers fed supplemental chromium from chromium yeast. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 71:217-228.

Han, I. K. and J. H. Kin. 1998. The role of carnitine in early weaned piglet. Proceedings of International conference on pig production. Beijing, 9-16.

Kim, S. W., I. K. Han and Y. J. Choi. 1995. Effects of chromium picolinate on growth performance, carcass composition and serium traits and mortality rate of brow layers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 8:463-470.

Kim, J. D., I. K. Han and B. J. Chae. 1997. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate supplementation on performance of broilers fed different levels of crude protein. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 10:1-7.

Lee, D. N., F. Y. Wu and Y. H. Cheng. 2003. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate supplementation on growth performance and immune responses of broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:227-233.

Lien, T. F., C. P. Wu and J. J. Lu. 2003. Effect of code liver oil and chromium picolinate supplementation on the serum traits, egg yolk fatty acids and cholesterol content in layer hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1177-1181.

Lien, T. F. and Y. M. Horng. 2001. The effect of supplementary dietary L-carnitine on the growth performance,serum components,carcass traits and enzyme activities in relation to fatty acid $\beta$-oxidaxion of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 42:92-95.

Mertz, W. 1993. Chromium in human nutrition. A review. J. Nutr. 123:626-627.

Nam, K. T., H. Y. Lee, C. W. Kang and I. J. Yoo. 1996. The effect of dietary chromium (Cr) on broiler chicks under heat stress. Proceedings World’s Poultry Congress. New Delhi. India. 2:2-5.

Page, T. G., L. L. Southern, T. L. Ward and D. L. Thompson. 1993. Effect to chromium picolinate on growth and serum and carcass traits of growing finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:656-662.

Qi, S. Z. 1988. Animal biochemistry, Second edition, China Agricultural Press, Beijing.

Rabie, M. H. and M. Szilagyi. 1998. Effects of L-carnitine supplementation of diets differing in energy levels on performance, abdominal fat content,and yield and composition of edible meat of broilers. Br. J. Nutr. 80:391-400.

Wang, D. L., M. H. Zhang and R. Du. 1999. Effect of dietary Cr level on growth performance, immune function and carcass fat content of broilers. Acta Zoonutrimenta Sinica, 11:19-23.

Wang, Y. Z., Z. R. Xu and M. L. Chen. 2000. Effect of betaine on carcasss fat metabolism of meat duck. Chin. J. Vet. Sci. 20: 409-412.

Ward, T. L., L. L. Southern and S. L. Bolemon. 1994. Effect of dietary chromium picolonate on growing broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 72 (suppl.1):37.

Yin, J. D., G. H. Qi and Q. G. Hu. 2000. Advances in modulation of lipid metabolism in poultry. Acta Zoonutrimenta Sinica, 12:1-7.

Zhou, J. H. and D. S. Liu. 1996. Effect of L-carnitine on the growth and fat metabolism in rats. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica, 18:209-212.