Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Application of Phytase, Microbial or Plant Origin, to Reduce Phosphorus Excretion in Poultry Production
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Application of Phytase, Microbial or Plant Origin, to Reduce Phosphorus Excretion in Poultry Production
Paik, InKee;
  PDF(new window)
In order to prevent pollution from animal waste, the excretion of nutrients should be reduced through proper nutritional management. Among the many nutrients of concern, such as N, P, Cu, Zn and K, P is one of the most concerned nutrients to be managed. Seven feeding trials, three with layers and four with broilers, were conducted to determine if microbial phytase supplementation can reduce non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) level in diets and results in concomitant reductions of P excretion. The results showed that microbial phytase can be successfully used to achieve these purposes. Activity of natural phytase in certain plant feedstuffs is high enough to be considered in feed formulation. Three experiments have been conducted to study the characteristics of plant phytase and its application to feeding of broilers. Selected brands of wheat bran could be successfully used as a source of phytase in broiler feeding.
Microbial Phytase;Plant Phytase;Wheat Bran;Phosphorus Reduction;Poultry;
 Cited by
Effects of Dietary Lysine and Microbial Phytase on Growth Performance and Nutrient Utilisation of Broiler Chickens,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 7, pp.1100-1107 crossref(new window)
옥수수 주정박의 수준과 Phytase의 첨가 유무가 육계의 생산성과 영양소 이용률에 미치는 영향,홍의철;나승환;유동조;김학규;박미나;정기철;추효준;박희두;정완태;황보종;

한국가금학회지, 2009. vol.36. 3, pp.247-255 crossref(new window)
사료 내 Phytase 첨가가 산란계의 분뇨 배설량에 미치는 영향,홍의철;나승환;유동조;김학규;박미나;정기철;추효준;박희두;정완태;황보종;

한국가금학회지, 2009. vol.36. 3, pp.257-264 crossref(new window)
Mineral Retention in Young Broiler Chicks Fed Diets Based on Wheat, Sorghum or Maize,;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2010. vol.23. 1, pp.68-73 crossref(new window)
Significance of phytic acid and supplemental phytase in chicken nutrition: a review, World's Poultry Science Journal, 2008, 64, 04, 553  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Non-Phytate Phosphorus Levels and Phytase Sources on Growth Performance, Serum Biochemical and Tibia Parameters of Broiler Chickens, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2013, 12, 3, e60  crossref(new windwow)
L.) for young broiler chicks, Archives of Animal Nutrition, 2013, 67, 1, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Adeola, O. 1995. Digestive utilization of minerals by weaning pigs fed copper and phytase supplemented diets. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 75:603-610.

Annison, G. and M. Choct. 1993. Enzymes in poultry diets. Enzymes in Animal Nutrition. (Ed. C. Wenk and M. Boessinger). Proceedings of the 1st Symposium. Kartause Ittingen, Switzerland. pp. 61-68.

Biehl, R. R., D. H. Baker and H. F. DeLuca. 1995. $1{\alpha}$-Hydroxylated cholecalciferol compounds act additively with microbial phytase to improve phosphorus, zinc and manganese utilization in chicks fed soy-based diets. J. Nutr. 125:2407-2416.

Broz, J., P. Oldale, A. H. Perrin-Voltz, G. Rychen, J. Schulze and C. Simoes Nunes. 1994. Effects of supplementation phytase on performance and phosphorus utilisation in broiler chickens fed a low phosphorus diet without addition of inorganic phosphates. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:273. crossref(new window)

Edwards, H. M. J. 1993. Dietary 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol supplementation increase natural phytate phosphorus utilization in chickens. J. Nutr. 103:567-577.

Engelen, A. J., F. C. Van der Heeft, P. H. G. Randsdorp and E. L. C. Smit. 1994. Single and rapid determination of phytase activity. J. AOAC. Int 77(3):760-764.

Gordon, R. W. and D. A. Roland, SR. 1997. Performance of commercial laying hens fed various phosphorus levels with and without supplement phytase. Poult. Sci. 76:1172-1177.

Hill, R. and C. Tyler. 1954a. The effect of decreasing acidity on the solubility of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in bran and certain pure salts solution. J. Agric. Sci. 44:311-323. crossref(new window)

Hill, R. and C. Tyler. 1954b. The influence of time, temperature, pH and calcium carbonate on the activity of the phytase of certain cereals. J. Agric. Sci. 44:306-310. crossref(new window)

Jongbloed, A. W. and N. P. Lenis. 1992. Alteration of nutrition as a means to reduce environmental pollution by pigs. Livestock Prod. Sci. 31:75-94. crossref(new window)

Jongbloed, A. W. 1989. Phytase can increase P-digestibility. Pigs-Misset 21.

Kessler, J. and K. Egli. 1991. Phosphor sparen dank phytase: Erste Ergebnisse beim Mastschwein. Landwirtschaft Schweiz Bd. 5:5-9.

Keteran, P. P., E. S. Batterham, E. B. Dettmann and D. J. Farrell. 1993. Phosphorus studies in pigs : Effect of phytase supplementation on the digestibility and availability of phosphorus in soya bean meal for grower pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 70:289-311. crossref(new window)

Kim, B. H and I. K. Paik. 2002. Influence of hydrothermal treatment of wheat bran on phytate-P content and performance of broiler chickens. In press. Kor. J. Anim. Sci.

Kim, B. H., H. Namkung and I. K. Paik. 2002. Utilization of plant phytase to improve phosphorus availability. Kor. J. Anim. Sci. 44(4):407-418.

Lee, S. J., J. S. Um, H. Namkung and I. K. Paik. 1999. Studies on the content of phytase phosphorus and the characteristics of phytase activity in cereals and cereal by-products. Kor. J. Anim. Nutr. Feed 23(6):501-506.

Lee, S. J., J. S. Um, I. K. Paik and J. G. Lee. 2000. Effect of Crude Phytase Supplementation on Performance of Broilers Fed Different Levels of Phosphorus. Korean J. Poult. Sci. Vol. 27, No.3 169-179.

Lei, X. G., P. K. Ku, E. R. Miller, M. T. Yokoyama and D. E. Ullrey. 1994. Calcium level affects the efficacy of supplemental microbial phytase in corn-soybean meal diets of weaning pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 72:139-143.

Lim, H. S., H. Namkung and I. K. Paik. 2002. Effects of phytase supplementation on the performance, egg quality and phosphorus excretion of laying hens fed different levels of dietary calcium and non-phytate phosphorus. In press. Poult. Sci.

Lim, H. S., H. Namkung, J. S. Um, K. R. Kang, B. S. Kim and I.K. Paik. 2001. The Effects of Phytase Supplementation on the Performance of Broiler Chickens Fed Diet with Different Levels of Non-Phytate Phosphorus. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(2):250-257.

Mitchell, R. D. and H. M. Edwards, Jr. 1996a. Additive effects of 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol and phytase on phytate phosphorus utilization and related parameters in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 75:111-119.

Mitchell, R. D. and H. M. Edwards, Jr. 1996b. Effects of phytase and 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol on phytate utilization and the quantitative requirement for calcium and phosphorus in young broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 75:95-110.

Mohammed, A., M. J. Gibney and T. G. Taylor. 1991. The effects of dietary levels of inorganic phosphorus, calcium and cholecalciferol on the digestibility of phytate-P by the chick. Br. J. Nutr. 66:251-259. crossref(new window)

Mroz, Z., A. W. Jongbloed and P. A. Kemme. 1994. Apparent digestibility and retention in nutrients bound to phytate complexes as influences by microbial phytase and feeding regimen in pig. J. Anim. Sci. 72:126-132.

Nasi, M. 1991. Plant phosphorus responses to supplemental microbial phytase in the diet of the growing pig. Pages 114-119 in: Digestive physiology in pig. Proc. 5th Symp. Wageningen.

Oberleas, D. and B. F. Harland. 1981. Phytate content of foods: Effect on dietary zinc bioavailability. J. Anim. Diet. Assoc. 79:44-447.

Paik, I. K., J. S. Um, S. J. Lee and J. G. Lee. 2000. Evaluation of the Efficacy of Crude Phytase Preparations in Broiler Chickens. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 13(5):673-680.

Pallauf, J., D. Hohler, G. Rimbach. 1992. Effect of microbial phytase supplementation to a maize-soya-diet on the apparent absorption of Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn and parameters of Znstatus in piglets. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 68:1-9. crossref(new window)

Pen, J., T. C. Verwoerd, P. A. Paeiden, R. F. Beudeker, P. J. M. van den Elzen, K. Geerse, J. D. van der Klis, H. A. J. Versteegh, J. J. van Ooyen and A. Hoekema. 1993. Phytasecontaining transgenic seeds as a novel feed additive for improved phosphorus utilization. Bio/Technology. 11:811-814 crossref(new window)

Peter, W. and H. Jeroch. 1993. The effectiveness of microbial phytase addition to layer rations on maize and wheat basis. Enzymes in Animal Nutrition. Bio/Technology. pp. 206-209.

Pointillart, A. 1993. Importance of phytates and cereal phytases in the feeding of pig. Enzymes in Animal Nutrition. Bio/Technology. 192-198.

Qian, H. E. T. Kornegay and D. M. Dendow. 1996. Phosphorus equivalence of microbial phytase in turkey diets as influenced by calcium to phosphorus ratios and phosphorus levels. Poultry Science 75:69-81.

Reddy, N. R., C. V. Balakrishnan and D. K. Salunkhe. 1982. Phytates in legumes. Adv. Food Res. 28:1-92.

Ryu, S. and T. G. Park. 1998. Thermal stabilization of Aspergillus phytase by L-arginine. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 3:32-34. crossref(new window)

Schaefer, J. 1977. Sampling, characterization and analysis of malodours. Agric. Environ. 3: 121-127. crossref(new window)

Schoener, B. R. J., P. P. Hoppe, G. Schwarz, and H. Wieshe. 1993. Effects of microbial phytase and inorganic phosphate in broiler chickens: performance and mineral retention at various calcium levels. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 69:235-244. crossref(new window)

Sebastian, S., S. P. Touchburn, E. R. Chavez and P. C. Lague. 1996b. The effects of supplemental microbial phytase on the performance and utilization of dietary calcium, phosphorus, copper, and zinc in broiler chickens fed corn-soybean diets. Poultry Science 75:729-736.

Sebastian, S., S. P. Touchburn, E. R. Chavez, and P. C. Lague. 1996a. Efficacy of supplemental microbial phytase at different dietary calcium levels on growth performance and mineral utilization of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 75:1516-1523.

Simons, P. C. M., A. W. Jongbloed, H. A. J. Versteegh and P. A. Kemme. 1992. Improvement of phosphorus availability by microbial phytase in broilers and pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 66:100-109

Simons, P. C. M., H. A. J. Versteegh, A. W. Jongbloed, P. A. Kemme, P. Slump, K. D. Bos, M. G. E. Wolters, R. F. Buedeker and G. J. Verchoor. 1990. Improvement of phosphorus availability by microbial phytase in broilers and pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 64:525-540. crossref(new window)

Simons, P. C. M. and H. A. J. Versteegh. 1993. Role of phytase in poultry nutrition. Enzymes in Animal Nutrition. Proceedings of the 1st Symposium (Ed C. Wenk and M. Boessinger). Kartause Ittingen. Switzerland. pp.181-186.

Taylor, T. G., and C. G. Dacke. 1984. Calcium metabolism and its regulation. Pages 126-170 in: Physiology and Biochemistry of the domestic Fowl. B. M. Freeman, ed. Academic Press, London, UK.

Um, J. S. and I. K. Paik. 1999. Effects of Microbial Phytase Mineral Retention of Laying Hens Fed Different Levels of Phosphorus. Poult. Sci. 78:75-79.

Um, J. S., H. S. Lim, S. H. Ahn and I. K Paik. 2000. Effects of Microbial Phytase Supplementation to Low Phosphorus Diets on the Performance and Utilization of Nutrients in Broiler Chickens. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 13(6):824-829

Um, J. S., I. K. Paik M. B. Chang and B. H. Lee. 1999. Effects of microbial phytase supplementation to diets with low nonphytate phosphorus levels on the performance and bioavailability of nutrients in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12(2):203-208.

Van der Klis, J. D. and H. A. J. Versteegh. 1996. Phosphorus nutrition of poultry. Pages 71-83. in: Recent advanced in animal nutrition. P. C. Gransworthy and D. J. A. Cole, ed. Nottingham, UK.

Van der Klis, J. D., H. A. J. Versteegh and C. W. Scheele. 1994. ractical enzyme use in poultry diets: phytase and NSP enzymes. Pages 113-128 in: BASF Technical symposium during the Carolina Poultry Nutrition Conference, Charlotte, NC.

Williams, P. E. V. and J. M. Kelly. 1994. Animal production and pollution problems. Livestock Production for the 21st Century: Priorities and Research Needs. (Ed. P. A. Thacker). pp. 159-186.

Yi. Z, Kornegay. E. T, Ravindran. V, and Cenbow. D. M. 1996. Improving phytate phosphorus availability in corn and soybean meal for broilers using microbial phytase and calculation of phosphorus equivalency values for phytase. Poultry Science 75:240-249.

Young, L. G., M. Leunissen and J. L. Atkinson. 1993. Addition of microbial phytase to diets of young pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:2147-2150.

Zyla, K. and J. Koreleski. 1993. In-vitro and in-vivo dephosphorylation of rapeseed meal by means of phytatedepleting enzymes derived from Aspergillus niger. J. Sci. Food Agric. 61: 1-6. crossref(new window)