Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Enzyme Activities Related to Lipid Metabolism in the Liver and Adipose Tissue of Tsaiya Ducks under Fasting and Ad libitum Feeding Conditions
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Enzyme Activities Related to Lipid Metabolism in the Liver and Adipose Tissue of Tsaiya Ducks under Fasting and Ad libitum Feeding Conditions
Lien, Tu-Fa; Jan, Der-Fang;
  PDF(new window)
The study investigated the lipid metabolism of Tsaiya ducks under fasting and ad libitum feeding conditions. Sixty Tsaiya ducks in their growing period (8-12 wk-old) and sixty Tsaiya ducks in their laying period (26-30 wk-old, 10-14 weeks after the onset of laying) were randomly divided into ad libitum feeding and 3-day fasting groups. The activities of lipid metabolism related enzymes were determined. Experimental results indicated that fasting depressed the activities of lipogenesis related enzymes such as fatty acid synthetase and NADP-malic dehydrogenase in both periods (p<0.05). Fasting also increased the activities of liver fatty acid -oxidation enzymes (p<0.05). However, the activities of lipoprotein lipase in adipose tissue, heart and ovarian follicle in both periods and the hormone-sensitive lipase of adipose tissue in the growing period were decreased by fasting (p<0.01).
Tsaiya Duck;Enzyme Activities;Lipogenesis;Fatty Acid -oxidation;Lipoprotein Lipase;Hormone-sensitive Lipase;Liver;Adipose Tissue;
 Cited by
Regulation of Lipoprotein Lipase by Fasting in Epididymal and Mesenteric Adipocytes of Rats,Lee, Jae Joon;Chung, Chung Soo;Lee, Myung Yul;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 5, pp.715-722 crossref(new window)
Anthony, N. B., R. Vasilatos-Younken, R., W. L. Bacon and M. S. Lilbum. 1990. Secretory pattern of growth hormone, insulin and related metabolites in growing male turkey: Effects of overnight fasting and refeeding. Poult. Sci. 69:801-811.

Avidar, Y., E. Bogin and S. Soback. 1986. Fatty liver syndrome in farm animals: Biochemical and pharmalogical aspects. Isr. J. Vet. Med. 42:318-323.

Benson, J. D. and A. Bensadoun. 1977. Response of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase to fasting in the chicken and the rat- a species difference. J. Nutr. 107:990-997.

Bieber, L. L. and T. Helmrath. 1972. A rapid spectrophotometric assay for carnitine palmitoyltransferase. Anal. Biochem. 50:509-518. crossref(new window)

Bird, M. I., L. A. Munday, E. D. Saggerson and J. B. Clark. 1985. Carnitine acyltransferase activities in rat brain mitochondria: Bimodel distribution, kinetic constants, regulation by malonyl-CoA and developmental pattern. Biochem. J. 226:323-330.

Bogin, E., Y. Avidar, M. Merom, B. A. Israeli, M. Malkinson, S. Soback and Y. Kudler. 1984. Biochemical changes associated with fatty liver in geese. Avian Pathol. 13:683-701. crossref(new window)

Bradshaw, R. A. and B. E. Noyes. 1975. L-3 Hydroxyacyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase from pig heart muscle. In: Methods in Enzymology (vol xxxv, lipids). New York, Academic Press, pp. 122-128.

Calabotta, D. F., J. A. Cherry, P. B. Siegel and D. E. Jones. 1985. Lipogenesis and lipolysis in fed and fasted chicks from high and low body weight lines. Poult. Sci. 64:700-704.

Enser, M. 1973. Clearing-factor lipase in muscle and adipose tissue of pigs. Biochem. J. 136:381-385.

Freedland, R. A. 1967. Effect of progressive starvation on rat liver enzyme activities. J. Nutr. 91:489-495.

Gasquet, P. D. and E. Pequignot. 1972. Lipoprotein lipase activities in adipose tissues, heart and diaphragm of the genetically obese mouse(ob/ob). Biochem. J. 127:445-447.

Goldman, M. J., D. W. Back and A. G. Goodridge. 1985. Nutritional regulation of the synthesis and degradation of malic enzyme messenger RNA in duck liver. J. Biol. Chem. 260:4404-4408.

Goodridge, A. G. 1968. Citrate-cleavage enzyme, malic enzyme and certain dehydrogenases in embryonic and growing chicks. Biochem. J. 108:663-673.

Griffin, H. D., S. C. Butterwith and C. Goddard. 1987. Contribution of lipoprotein lipase to differences in fatness between broiler and layer strain chickens. Brit. Poult. Sci. 28: 197-206. crossref(new window)

Hasegawa, S., K. Sato, Y. Hikami and T. Mizuno. 1980a. Effect of estrogen on adipose tissue accumulation in chicks, with reference to changes in its chemical composition and lipase activity. Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci. 51:360-367.

Hasegawa, S., K. Sato, Y. Hikami and T. Mizuno. 1980b. Effect of estrogen on adipose tissue accumulation in chicks, with reference to changes in triglyceride synthesis and fatty acid oxidation. Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci. 51:673-679.

Hasegawa, S., T. Kawakami, K. Honda and Y. Hikami. 1994a. Effect of fasting on the adipose tissue weight in chicks, with reference to changes in triglyceride synthesis and fatty acid oxidation. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Jpn.) 65:525-531.

Hasegawa, S., H. Kawakami and Y. Hikami. 1994b. Effect of fasting on the activities of lipogenic enzymes in chick adipose tissue. Anim. Sci. Technol (Jpn.) 65:656-660.

Hermier, D., P. Forges and M. T. Chapman. 1985. A density gradient study of the lipoprotein and apolipoprotein distribution in the chicken, Gallus domesticus. Biochimica. et Biophy. Acta. 836:105-108.

Hoskins, D. D. 1969. Butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase from monkey liver. In: Method in Enzymology (vol. xiv, lipids). New York, Academic press, pp. 110-114.

Imai, Y. 1967. Lipid metabolism experiment method. Tokyo, Kyoritsu Shuppan Co; p. 164-165.

Kumar, S., T. A. Dorsey., R. A. Muesing and J. W. Porter. 1970. Comparative studies of the pigeon liver fatty acid synthetase complex and its subunit. J. Biol. Chem. 245:4732-4740.

Leclercq, B. 1984. Adipose tissue metabolism and its control in birds. Poult. Sci. 63:2044-2054.

Lee, S. R., C. Tai and H. H. Huang. 1985. Studies on the production of Foie Gras in ducks. I. The preliminary studies on duck Foie Gras production. Chinese Soc. Anim. Sci. 14:175-180. (In Chinese)

Lee, S. R., C. Tai, Y. N. Jiang, J. C. Chen and H. H. Huang. 1987. Studies on the production of Foie Gras in ducks. III comparison of fatty liver production among different breeds of duck. Taiwan Livestock Res. 20:41-45. (In Chinese)

Leveille, G. A., R. Romsos, Y. Y. Yeh and K. Ohea. 1975. Lipid biosynthesis in the chick. A consideration of site of synthesis, influence of diet possible regulatory mechanisms. Poult. Sci. 54:1075-1093.

Lien, T. F., R. C. R. Chou, S. Y. Chen, Y. I. Jeng and D. F. Jan. 1999. Lipid metabolism of Tsaiya ducks: plasma and liver related traits under ad libitum and fasting. J. Sci. Food Agric. 79:1413-1416. crossref(new window)

Lien, T. F., J.J. Lu and D. F. Jan. 2001. Alterations in lipid metabolism between the growing and the laying periods of white Leghom layers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.14:1460-1464.

Lohr, G. W. and H. D. Waller. 1974. Method of enzymatic analysis. (Vol. 2.). New York, Academic press, p. 636.

Lowry, O. H., N. T. Rosebrough., A. L. Farr and R. L. Randall. 1951. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 193:381-385.

McGarry, J. D. and D. W. Foster. 1979. In support of the roles of malonyl-CoA and carnitine acyltransferase I in the regulation of hepatic fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. J. Biol. Chem. 254:8163-8168.

McGrarry, J. D., G. F. Leatherman and D. W. Foster. 1978a. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase I : the site of inhibition of hepatic fatty acid oxidation by malonyl-CoA. J. Biol. Chem. 253:4128-4136.

McGarry, J. D., M. J. Stark and D. W. Foster. 1978b. Hepatic malonyl-CoA levels of fed, fasted and diabetic rats as measured using a simple radio isotopic assay. J. Biol. Chem. 253:8291-8293.

McGarry, J. D., Y. Takabayashi and D. W. Foster. 1978c. The role of malonyl-CoA in the condition of fatty acid synthesis and oxidation in isolated rat hepatocytes. J. Biol. Chem. 253:8294-8300.

Middleton, B. 1975. $\beta$-Ketoacyl-CoA thiolase of mammalian tissues. In: Methods in Enzymology (vol. xxxv, lipids). New York, Academic Press; p. 128-136.

Numa, S. 1969. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase from chicken and rat liver. In: Methods in Enzymology (vol. xiv, lipids). New York, Academic Press, pp. 9-17.

Ochoa, S. 1955. Malic enzyme. In: Methods in enzymology. Vol.1. New York, Acadamic Press; p. 739.

Robson, R. M. and D. E. Goll. 1968. Determination of protein in 'Tris' buffer by the biuret reaction. Anal. Biochem. 24:339-341. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1990. Institute, Inc. SAS user′s guide. statistic. SAS Inst., Cary, NC.

Sato, K., Y. Akiba and M. Horiguchi. 1994. The possible procedure to stabilize lipoprotein lipase prepared from chicken adipose tissue. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Jpn) 66:523-526.

Severson, L. and B. Hurley. 1984. Inhibition of the hormone sensitive lipase in adipose tissue by long-chain fatty acyl coenzyme A. Lipids 19:134-138. crossref(new window)

Takada, Y., F. S. Zuki and H. Inoue. 1963. Citrate-cleavage enzyme. In: Methods in Enzymology (Vol. 5). New York, Academic Press; p. 154.

Tanaka, K., J. C. Hsu, S. Ohtani and C. M. Collado. 1986. Changes in the activities of hepatic lipogenic related enzymes and in the concentrations of various plasma and liver lipid fractions of hens before and after the onset of laying. Jpn. Poult. Sci. 23:203-210.

Walzem, R. L. 1996. Lipoproteins and the laying hen: Form follows formation. Poultry and Avian Biology Review, pp. 31-64.

Yeh, Y. Y. and G. A. Leveille. 1970. Hepatic fatty acid synthesis and plasma free fatty acid levels in chicks subjected to short periods of food restriction and refeeding. J. Nutr. 100:1389-1398.