Abdalla, S. A., N. Abdullah, J. B. Liang, A. B. Shamsudin and Y. W. Ho. 2000. Proc. 22th. MSAP Ann. Conf., pp. 173-174.
Abdalla, S. A., N. Abdullah, Y. W. Ho, J. B. Liang and A. B. Shamsudin. 2001. Degradation and rumen fermentation characteristics of frond silages in sheep. . Proc. 23rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 27 - 29 May 2001, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 180 -181.
Abu Bakar, C., A. Aminah and P. Mansor. 1990. Effects of feeding ensiled maize stover on feed intake and live-weight changes in Sahiwal-Friesian weaners. Proc. 13th MSAP Ann. Conf. Malacca, March 1990.
Abu Bakar, C., H. Kamaluddin, A. B. Shamsudin and M. Wan Zahari. 1999. Comparison of dried grated coconut meal and palm kernel meal as supplement to OPF pellets for intensive rearing of Sahiwal-Friesian heifers. National Congress on Animal Health and Production, 3-5 Sept. 1999, A' Farmosa Resort, Malacca, Malaysia. pp. 281-283.
Abu Bakar., C., H. Kamaluddin, B. Selamat and I. Azahar. 2000. Maximizing intake of all oil palm (OPF) pellets by Sahiwal-Friesian replacement heifers reared under zero-grazing system of production. Proc. 22rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 29 May -1 June 2000, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, pp.139-140.
Abu Bakar, C., S. M. Yusof, H. Hayakawa, M. Wan Zahari, I. Mohd Sukri and I. Shukri. 2001. Lactational responses of graded Sahiwal-Friesians fed pelleted OPF as complete feed. Proc. 23rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 27-29 May 2001, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 96-97.
Abu Hassan, O. 1995. Processing and utilization of oil-palm biomass (by-products) for animal feed. In. Proc. PORIM National Oil Palm Conference-Technologies in Plantation - The Way Forward, 11-12 July 1995, Bangi, Malaysia., pp. 197-207.
Abu Hassan, O. and M. Ishida. 1992. Status of utilization of selected fibrous crop residues and animal performance with special emphasis on processing of oil palm frond(OPF) for ruminant feed in Malaysia. JIRCAS, Trop. Agr. Res. Ser. 25, 134-143.
Abu Hassan, M. A., A. Rosnaini and K. W. Chang. 1991. Proc. 3rd. Vet. Assoc. Mal. Cong., pp. 63-66.
Abu Hassan, A. R., M. Azizan, Ishida and C. Abu Bakar. 1993. Oil palm fronds silage as a roughage source for milk production in Sahiwal-Friesian cows', Proc. 16th MSAP Ann. Conf., Langkawi,
Bengaly, K., J. B. Liang. Z. A. Jelan., Y. W. Ho. and H. K. Ong. 2000. Effect of steaming conditions on nutrient contents and degradability of oil palm frond. Proc. 22nd. MSAP Ann. Conf., 29 May - 1 June 2000, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, pp. 189-190.
Basery, M., P. Paengkoum, J. B. Liang and Z. A. Jelan. 2001. Effects of urea levels on intake and digestibility of steamed oil palm fronds in dairy goats. . Proc. 23rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 27-29 May 2001, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 144-145.
Chan, K. W., I. Watson and L. C. Kim. 1981. Use of oil-palm waste material for increased production. In Proc. Conf. on Soil Science sand Agricultural Development in Malaysia. Malaysian Soil Science Society, Kuala Lumpur, 213-241.
Faridah, S., Y. Shirai, A. R. Gayah and A. Oshibe. 2002. Determination of heavy metal (Pb) in processed feed from oil palm frond by atomic absorption spectrometry. Proc. 24th. MSAP Conf, 219-23 May, Penang, Malaysia, pp. 83-84.
Hayakawa, H. and M. O. Ariff. 2000. OPF cubes as animal feed, a gift to the world from Malaysia, MARDI-JICA Project Report, 15.
Ishida, M. and O. Abu Hassan. 1992. Effect of urea treatment level on nutritive value of oil palm fronds silage in Kedah-Kelantan bulls. Proc. 6th. AAAP Animal Science Congress, vol. 3, AHAT, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 68.
Ishida, M., O. Abu Hassan, T. Nakui and F. Terada. 1994. Oil palm fronds as ruminant feed, Newsletter for International Collaboration, 2 (1), JIRCAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tsukuba, Japan, 1994.
Islam, M., I. Dahlan, Z. A. Jelan and M. A. Rajion. 1997. Rumen degradation of different fractions of oil palm frond. Proc. 19th MSAP Ann. Conf., 8-10 Sept 1997, Puteri Pan Pacific Hotel, Johore Bahru, Malaysia, pp. 147-149.
Islam, I. Dahlan, Z. A. Jelan and M. A. Rajion. 1998. Effect of ensiling and pelleting on nutrient contents and degradability of oil palm (Elaeis guinensis) frond, Proc. 20th MSAP Ann. Conf,. Putrajaya, Malaysia.
Kawamoto, H. M., M. Wan Zahari and S. Oshio. 1999. Digestibility and voluntary intake of treated oil palm fronds. MARDI-JICA Project Report, 8, 1999.
Mat Daham, M. D., M. Hamdan and K. Tanaka. 2002. Handling and Processing of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) For Animal Feed. National Conference on Agricultural & Food Mechanization 2001. Mutiara Hotel Kuala Lumpur. 30th-31st October 2001.
Mohamad, H., H. A. Halim and T. M. Ahmad. 1986. Availability and potential of oil palm trunks and fronds up to year 2000. Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia (PORIM), Occasional paper no. 20, p. 17.
Mohd. Sukri, I., O. Mohd. Ariff, O. Atil and D. Ahmad Khusairi. 1999. The effects of oil -palm by-products based rations on growth, carcass characteristics and quality of beef cattle in feedlot. MARDI - PORIM Project Report, p. 10.
Oshibe., M. Wan Zahari, M. S. Nor Ismail, K. Subramaniam and H. Hayakawa. 2000. Effects of varying levels of oil palm fronds on intake and growth performance of beef cattle, Proc. 22nd MSAP Ann. Conf., Kota Kinabalu, 2000.
Oshibe, A., H. Ukawa, S. Sarmin, R. Arbain, I. Yunus and D. Mohd Jaafar. 2001. Change in physical property of oil palm frond (OPF) and energy consumption during pellet processing., Proc. 23rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 27-29 May 2001, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 76-77.
Preston., T. R. and R. A. Leng. 1987. Matching Ruminant Production Systems With Available Resources In The Tropics and Sub-Tropics, Armidale, Penambul, 1987.
Shamsudin, A. B., I. Mohd Sukri and R. Abdullah Sani. 1993. Feedlot performance of swamp buffalo fed with palm kernel cake and sago meal based ration. Proc. 16th. MSAP Ann. Conf., 8-9 June 1993, Langkawi, pp, 50-51.
Tung, C. M., J. B. Liang, S. L Tan, H. K. Ong and Z. A. Jelan. 2001. Effects of substituting grain concentrate with cassava fodder in oil palm frond based diets for cattle. Proc. 23rd MSAP Ann. Conf., 27-29 May 2001, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 34-5.
Van Horn, H. H., S. P. Marshall, G. T. Floyd, E. A. Olaloku, C. J. Wilcox and J. W. Wing. 1980. J. Dairy Sci (63) (9), pp. 1465-1474.
Wan Zahari, M., O. M. Ariff, I. Mohd Sukri, A. Oshibe and H. Hayakawa. 2000. Oil palm by-products and urea molasses mineral blocks as feed resources for buffaloes in Malaysia, Third Asean Buffalo Congress, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2000.
Wan Zahari, M., M. S. Nor Ismail, I. Mohd Sukri., C. Abu Bakar., K. Subramaniam, A. Rashidah and I. Mohd Yunus. 2002. Long term feedng of complete feeds based on ground OPF in pellet or cube form to growing beef crossbred heifers. Proc. 24th. MSAP. Conf., 19-23 May 2002, Penang, Malaysia.
Wong, H. K. and M. Wan Zahari. 1992. Characterization of oilpalm by-products as feed for ruminants. Proc. 15th. Annual Conference of the Malaysian Society of Animal Production, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, pp. 58-61.