Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Cattle Populations in Bhutan: Implications for Conservation
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Cattle Populations in Bhutan: Implications for Conservation
Dorji, T.; Hanotte, O.; Arbenz, M.; Rege, J.E.O.; Roder, W.;
  PDF(new window)
The Genetic diversity and relationship of native Siri (Bos indicus) cattle populations of Bhutan were evaluated using 20 microsatellite markers. A total of 120 Siri cattle were sampled and were grouped into four populations according to their geographical locations which were named Siri West, Siri South, Siri Central and Siri East cattle. For each, 30 individuals were sampled. In addition, 30 samples each of Indian Jaba (B. indicus), Tibetan Goleng (B. taurus), Nepal Hill cattle (B. indicus), Holstein Friesian (B.taurus) and Mithun (B. frontalis) were typed. The mean number of alleles per loci (MNA) and observed heterozygosity (Ho) were high in the Siri populations ( to and to ). The smallest coefficient of genetic differentiation and genetic distance ( and ) were obtained between Siri West and Siri Central populations. Siri East population is genetically distinct from the other Siri populations being close to the Indian Jaba ( and ). A high bootstrap value of 96% supported the close relationship of Siri South, Siri Central and Siri West, while the relationship between Siri East and Jaba was also supported by a high bootstrap value (82%). Data from principal component analysis and individual assignment test were in concordance with the inference from genetic distance and differentiation. In conclusion we identified two separate Siri cattle populations in Bhutan at the genetic level. One population included Siri cattle sampled from the West, Central and South of the country and the other Siri cattle was sampled from the East of the country. We suggest that Siri cattle conservation program in Bhutan should focus on the former population as it has received less genetic influence from other cattle breeds.
Siri;Cattle;Bhutan;Genetic Relationships;
 Cited by
Genetic diversity studies in farm animals - a survey, Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 2004, 121, 6, 361  crossref(new windwow)
Genetic diversity studies of Kherigarh cattle based on microsatellite markers, Journal of Genetics, 2006, 85, 2, 117  crossref(new windwow)
Microsatellite DNA typing for assessment of genetic variability in Tharparkar breed of Indian zebu (Bos indicus) cattle, a major breed of Rajasthan, Journal of Genetics, 2006, 85, 3, 165  crossref(new windwow)
Estimation of genetic diversity in Siri cattle from India, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2008, 44, 11, 1331  crossref(new windwow)
Phenotypic and genetic parameters for milk yield in traditional Nublang cattle (Bos indicus) of Bhutan, Animal Genetic Resources/Ressources génétiques animales/Recursos genéticos animales, 2015, 57, 2078-6344, 25  crossref(new windwow)
Arbenz, M. and G. Tshering. 2000. Local Bos indicus and Bos taurus cattle in Bhutan. The Ministry of Agriculture, Bhutan, RNR-RC, Jakar, Special Publication No. 4.

Banks, M. A. and W. Eichert. 2000. WHICHRUN (Version 3.2): A computer program for population assignment of individuals based on multilocus genotype data. J. of Heredity 91:87-89. crossref(new window)

Bjrnstad, G. and K. H. Roed. 2001. Breed demarcation and potential for breed allocation of horses assessed by microsatellite markers. Anim. Genet 32:59-65. crossref(new window)

Bourrgeois-Luethi, N. 1999. Bovine and Equine in Bhutan. The Ministry of Agriculture, Bhutan, RNR-RC, Jakar Special Publication No.2.

Buchanan, F. C., L. J. Adams, R. P. Littlejohn, J. F. Maddox and A. M. Crawford.1994. Determination of evolutionary relationship among sheep breeds using microsatellites. Genomics 22:397-403. crossref(new window)

DALSS. 2001. The 9th five year plan livestock strategic policy and planning document, The Ministry of Agriculture, Bhutan.

Diez-Tascon, C., R. P. Littlejohn, P. A. R. Almeida and A. M. Crawford. 2000. Genetic variation within the Merino sheep breed: analysis of closely related populations using microsatellites. Anim. Genet 31:243-251 crossref(new window)

Felius, M.1995. Cattle breed an encyclopedia. Misset uitgeverij. Doetinchem, Netherland., S. C. Gupta and N. Gupta. 2000. Mithun-An important animal genetic resources of North East Hill Region. In: Domestic Animal Diversity Conservation and Sustainable Development (Ed. R. Sahai and R. K Vijh). SI Publications, Karnal, India. pp. 220-230.

MacHugh, D. E. 1996. Molecular biogeography and genetic structure of domesticated cattle. Ph.D Thesis. Trinity college, University of Dublin, Ireland.

MacHugh, D. E., R. T. Loftus, P. Cunningham and D. G. Bradley. 1998. Genetic structure of seven European cattle breeds assessed using 20 microsatellite markers. Anim. Genet 29:333-340. crossref(new window)

Martinez, A. M., J. V. Delgado, A. Rodero and J. L. Vega-Pla. 2000. Genetic structure of the Iberian pig breed using microsatellite. Anim. Genet 31:295-301. crossref(new window)

Minch, E., A. Ruiz-Linares, D. B. Goldstein, M. W. Feldman and L. L.Cavalli-Sforza. 1998. Microsat (Version 1.5d): a computer program for calculating various statistics on microsatellite allele data.

Nei, M., F. Tajima and Y. Tateno. 1983. Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data. J. Mol. Evolution. 19:153-170. crossref(new window)

Ota, T. 1993. Dispan: Genetic distance and phylogenetic analysis. Pensylvenia State University, University Park, PA, USA. http://www.Bio.Psu.Edu/People/Faculty/Nei/Lab/programs.html.

Page, R. D. M. 1996. TREEVIEW: An application to display phylogenetic trees on personal computers. Computer Applications in the Biosciences 12:357-358.

Pandey, A. K., M. S. Tantia, D. Kumar, B. Misra, P. Choudhary and R. K. Vijh. 2002. Microsatellite analysis of three poultry breeds of India. Asia-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(11):1536-1542.

Park, S. D. E. 2001. Trypanotolerance in West African Cattle and the Population Genetic Effects of Selection, Ph. D Thesis, University of Dublin, Ireland.

Payne, W. J. A. and J. Hodges. 1997. Tropical cattle: Origins, breeds and breeding policies. Blackwell science. London.

Primmer, C. R., A. P. Moller and H. Ellergen. 1996. A wide-range survey of cross species microsatellite amplification in birds. Mol. Ecology 5:365-78.

Raymond, M. and F. Rousset. 1995. GENEPOP (version 3.3): Population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J. Heredity 86:248-249.

Rege, J. E. O. 1996. Research on Animal Genetic Resources:Activities of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). In: Proceedings of the 1st Regional Training Workshop on the Conservation of Domestic Animal Diversity, Bangkok, Thailand. pp. 118-121.

Reynolds, J., B. S. Weir and C. C. Cockerham.1983. Estimation of the coancestry coefficient: Basis for a short-term genetic distance. Genetics 105:767-779.

Saitou, N. and M. Nei. 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 4:406-425.

Shrestha, H. R.1998. Dairy animal production systems in Ilam. In: Annual Technical Report FY 2054/2055. Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Bovine Research Program, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal. pp.14-17.

Som, R. 1958. Siri breed of cattle. Indian Dairyman 10: 61-62.

Swofford, D. L. and R. B. Selander. 1989. Biosys 1. A computer program for the analysis of allelic variation in population genetics and biochemical systematics (release 1.7). University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, USA.

Tantia, M. S., P. K. Vij, R. K. Vijh, P. Kumar, B. K. Joshi, A. E. Nivsakar and R. Sahai. 1996. Siri: The cattle of the Eastern Himalayas. Animal Genetic Resources Information 19:37-43.

Tshering, P. 1995. An economic evaluation of the impact of food and mouth disease and its control in Bhutan. M. Sc. Thesis. The University of Reading, U.K.

Winter, H. and U. Tshewang. 1989. The crossbreeding of yak in Merak-Sakten, Bhutan. Zuchthyg. 24:16-122.