JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Reproduction of Cross- and Purebred Friesian Cattle in Northern Thailand with Special Reference to Their Milk Production
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Reproduction of Cross- and Purebred Friesian Cattle in Northern Thailand with Special Reference to Their Milk Production
Pongpiachan, P.; Rodtian, P.; Ota, K.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Reproductive data, such as numbers of days to the first estrus and A.I. service postpartum, number of days to conception, number of A.I. services required for conception, interval between the first estrus and first A.I. service and the average interval of A.I. service in Thai native-Friesian crossbred and pure Friesian dairy cows, were compiled in the National Dairy Training and Applied Research Institute in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The data were analyzed statistically and the effect of milk production on these reproductive traits was investigated. The reproductive efficiency of purebred cows was obviously inferior when compared with crossbred animals, in spite of special care being given to the purebred only in order to alleviate the effect of a tropical climate and provide better feeding. However, the regression analysis between reproductive and lactational parameters revealed a definite antagonistic effect of lactation on reproduction, especially in the purebred cows, which had a larger amount of milk production and longer lactation period. If these effects of lactation were eliminated, there would be no evident difference in reproductive efficiency between purebred and crossbred cows in the conditions of this study. Among the reproductive parameters examined, the number of days to the first estrus and interval between the first estrus and first A.I. service were less affected by breed difference and the magnitude of lactation than other reasons.
 Keywords
Reproduction;Milk Production;Crossbred;Friesian;Cow;Thailand;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Chantaraprateep, P. and J. M. Humbert. 1993. Reproductive disorder control and herd health monitoring programme for improvement of dairy production in Thailand. Final Report on Strengthening Annual Production Research in Asia through the Application of Immunoassay Technique, Bangkok, Thailand.

2.
Dematawewa, C. M. B. and P. J. Berger. 1998. Genetic and phenotypic parameters for 305-day yield, fertility, and survival in Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 81:2700-2709.

3.
de Vries, M. J., S. Van der Beek, L. M. T. E. Kaal-Lansbergen, W. Ouweltjes and J. B. M. Wilmink. 1999. Modeling of energy balance in early lactation and the effect of energy deficits in early lactation on first detected estrus postpartum in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 82:1927-1934.

4.
de Vries, M. J. and R. F. Veerkamp. 2000. Energy balance of dairy cattle in relation to milk production variables and fertility. J. Dairy Sci. 83:62-69.

5.
Esslemont, R. J. 1992. Measuring daily herd fertility. Vet. Rec. 131:209-12.

6.
Fuquay, J. W. 1981. Heat stress as it affects animal production. J. Anim. Sci. 52:164-174.

7.
Gaines, W. L. 1927. Milk yield in relation to recurrence of conception. J. Dairy Sci. 10:117-125.

8.
Hansen, L. B. 2000. Consequences of selection for milk yield from a geneticist's viewpoint. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1145-1150.

9.
Harinmirintaranon, A., J. Sanpote and T. Prauprang. 1994. Yield and fertility relationship of crossbred dairy cows in Wangnamyen district. Proceedings of the 21th Annual Conference of the Thai Veterinary Association under Royal Patronage, Bangkok, pp.87-100. (In Thai).

10.
Humbert, J. M., P. Chantaraprateep, S. Singhajan, P. Sekasiddhi, P. Songsasen, C. Lohachit, N. Chabeuf, S. Suparattanawong and D. Planchenault. 1990. Control of reproductive disorder and monitoring of herd health programme for improvement of dairy production in Thailand. Thai J. Health Research 4 (1):11-32.

11.
Lee, J. K., R. P. Van Raden, H. D. Norman, G. R. Wiggins and T. R. Meinert. 1997. Relationship of yield during early lactation and days open during current lactation with 305-day yield. J. Dairy Sci. 80:771-776.

12.
Loeffler, S. H., M. J. de Vries and Y. H. Shukken. 1999. The effects of time of disease occurrence, milk yield, and body condition on fertility of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 82 :2589-2604.

13.
Lucy, M. C. 2001. Reproductive loss in high-producing dairy cattle : where will it end ? J. Dairy Sci. 84:1277-1293.

14.
Madsen, O. and K. Vither. 1975. Performance of purebred and crossbred dairy cattle in Thailand. Anim. Prod. 21:209-216.

15.
McDowell, R. E. 1985. Crossbreeding in tropical areas with emphasis on milk, health, and fitness. J. Dairy Sci. 68:2418-2435.

16.
McDowell, R. E., B. F. Hollon, J. K. Camoens and L. D. Van Vleck. 1976. Reproductive efficiency of Jerseys, Red Sindhis, and crossbreds. J. Dairy Sci. 59:127-136.

17.
McNeilly, A. S. 1988. Suckling and the control of gonadotropin secretion. In: The Physiology of Reproduction, Vol. 2, E. Knobil and J.D. Neill (Ed.). Raven Press, New York. pp.2323-2349.

18.
McNeilly, A. S., I. A. Forsyth and J. R. McNeilly. 1994. Regulation of post-partum fertility in lactating mammals. In: Marshall's Physiology of Reproduction, 4th Ed., Vol. 3, Part 2 G. E. Lamming (Ed.). Chapman & Hall, London. pp. 1037-1101.

19.
National Research Council. 1988. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 6th ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

20.
Nebel, R. L. and M. L. McGillard 1993. Interactions of high milk yield and reproductive performance in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3257-3268.

21.
ORIGIN41 1991. Nonlinear Curve Fitting. Microcal Software, Northampton, USA.

22.
Pongpiachan, P., P. Rodtian and K. Ota. 2000. Lactation in crossand purebred Friesian cows in northern Thailand and analyses on effect of tropical climate on their lactation. Asia-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:1316-1322.

23.
Pongpiachan, P., P. Rodtian and K. Ota. 2003. Effects of tropical climate on reproduction of cross- and purbred Friesian cattle in northern Thailand. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:952-961.

24.
Randel, R. D. 1990. Nutrition and postpartum rebreeding in cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 68:853-862.

25.
Rodtian, P., G..King, S. Subrod and P. Pongpiachan. 1996. Oestrous behaviour of Holstein cows during cooler and hotter tropical seasons. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 45:47-58. crossref(new window)

26.
SAS Institute Inc. 1985. SAS/STAT Guide for Personal Computers, Version 6 ed., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.

27.
Wolfenson, D., I. Flamenbaum and A. Berman. 1988. Hyperthermia and body energy store effects on estrous behavior, conception rate, and corpus luteum function in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 71:3497-3504.