Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Consequences of Post-grazing Residues Control and Birth Season on the Body Traits, Reproductive Performance and Offspring's Growth of Suckling Goats and Ewes Reared at Pasture in Guadeloupe (FWI)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Consequences of Post-grazing Residues Control and Birth Season on the Body Traits, Reproductive Performance and Offspring's Growth of Suckling Goats and Ewes Reared at Pasture in Guadeloupe (FWI)
Ortega-Jimenez, E.; Alexandre, G.; Arquet, R.; Coppry, O.; Mahieu, M.; Xande, A.;
  PDF(new window)
In Guadeloupe small ruminants (SR) are reared for meat production under pasture conditions. Intensive rotational grazing systems (irrigated, fertilised and high stocked) allow reasonable levels of production but generate high post-grazing residues. Experiments were designed to control them. A system in which residuals were mown (RM) was tested in comparison to the control system (Residuals Remained, RR). The same design was carried out for two years with Creole goat (G) and Martinik sheep (S). An accelerated reproductive rate (3 parturitions over 2 years) was carried out. Systems were compared at three parturition seasons per year(dry, intermediate and rainy seasons). Each group was composed of 20 goats () or 20 ewes (). The female body traits did not vary according to pasture management and seasons. The stocking rate averaged 1,400 kg LW/ha. The mean fertility rate for does varied significantly (p<0.05) within the kidding season, from to while the mean litter size was total kids born. No effect of pasture system was observed. Corresponding values for ewes were vs. (p<0.05) and vs. (p<0.01) total lambs born for SRM and SRR ewes, respectively. A seasonal effect was observed upon ewe performances. The preweaning mortality of kids and lambs averaged 16.3% and 14.4%, respectively. It was 7 and 9 percentage points more (p<0.01) for RR than for RM kids and lambs, respectively. For both species, weaning took place at an average age of . In Creole kids, live weight at birth and at weaning were and , respectively. In the Martinik sheep, the traits averaged and . For both traits in both species, significant (p<0.05) groupseason interactions were recorded. The consequences of elimination of post-grazing residues varied according to the SR species, the environmental conditions and the animal physiological status. The forage characteristics were not limiting factors since forage availability in the RM systems (2,300 and 2,600 kg DM/ha, respectively) and chemical composition were at satisfactory levels (CP content averaged 12 and 10%). It is recommended to develop new grazing system which would allow the use of post-grazing residues instead of mowing the refusals.
Creole Goat;Martinik Ewe;Reproductive Parameters;Growth Traits;Pasture Management;Season of Breeding;
 Cited by
Akusu, M. O. and G. N. Egbunike. 1990. Preweaning performance of kids of the West African Dwarf goat in their native environment. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38:399-403.

Alexandre, G., G. Aumont, J. Fleury, O. Coppry, P. Mulciba and A. Nepos. 1997. Production semi intensive au p$\^{a}$turage de caprins $\`{a}$ viande en zone tropicale humide: le cas des cabris Cr$\'{e}$oles sur pangola (Digitaria decumbens) en Guadeloupe. INRA Prod. Anim. 10:43-54

Aumont, G., B. Calif, D. Feuillet, P. Marival and G. Alexandre. 1994. Jointing composition and chemical composition of Creole goats as influenced by body condition. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 64:872-879.

Aumont, G., I. Caudron, G. Saminadin and A. Xande. 1995. Sources of variation in nutritive values of tropical forages from the Caribbean. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 51:1-13. crossref(new window)

Aumont, G., R. Pouillot, R. Simon, G. Hostache, N. Barre and H. Varo. 1997. Les strongyloses digestives des petits ruminants dans les Antilles francaises. INRA, Prod. Anim. 10:79-90.

Awemu, E. M., L. N. Nwakalor and B. Y. Abubakar. 1999. Environmental influences on preweaning mortality and reproductive performance of Red. Sokoto does. Small Rumin. Res. 34:161-165. crossref(new window)

Chemineau, P., Y. Cognie, A. Xande, F. Peroux, G. Alexandre, F. Levy, E. Shitalou, J. M. Beche, D. Sergent, E. Camus, N. Barre and J. Thimonier. 1984. Le cabri cr$\'{e}$ole: monographie. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays trop. 37:225-238.

Chemineau, P., M. Mahieu, H. Varo, E. Shitalou, Y. Jego, A. Grude and J. Thimonier. 1991. Reproduction des caprins et des ovins Cr$\'{e}$oles de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays trop. (special issue): 45-50.

CIAT, (Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical) 1985. Evaluaci$\'{o}$n de pasturas con animales. Memorias de una reuni$\'{o}$n de trabajo. (Ed.C. Lascano, E.Pizarro) Cali, Colombia.

Corbett, J. L. 2001. The challenging demand for increases in meat and milk production: enhancing the contributions of grazing livestock. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14: 1-12. crossref(new window)

Corsi, M., G. B. Martha, Jr., D. Do Nascimento, Jr. and M. A. A. Balsalobre. 2001. Impact of grazing management on productivity of tropical grasslands. In: Proceedings of the XIX International Grazing Congress, Sao Paulo, Brasil, 11-21 february 2001 pp. 801-811.

Cruz, P. and M. Boval. 2000. Effect of nitrogen on some morphogenetic traits of temperate an tropical perennial forage grasses. In: Grassland ecophysiology and grazing ecology (Ed. G. Lemaire, J. Hodgson, A. de Moraes, P. C. de F. Carvalho and C. Nabinger) CABI Publishing. pp. 151-168.

Daget, P. and J. Poissonet 1971. M$\'{e}$thode d'analyse de la v$\'{e}$g$\'{e}$tation des p$\^{a}$turages. Crit$\`{e} }$res d'application. Annales agronomiques. 22:5-41.

Devendra, C. and G. B. Mc Leroy 1982. Goat and sheep production in the Tropics. Intermediate Tropical Agricultural Series. Longman, London and New York. pp 271.

Fournet, J. 1978. Flore illustr$\'{e}$e des phan$\'{e}$rogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. Editions INRA.

Galina,.M. A., R. Morales, E. Silva and B. Lopez. 1996. Reproductive performance of Pelibuey and Blacbelly sheep under tropical management systems in Mexico. Small Ruminant. Research. 22:31-37. crossref(new window)

Gonzalez-Stagnaro, C. 1983. Comportamiento reproductivo de las razas locales de rumiantes en el Tropico Americano. In: Reproduction des ruminants en zone tropicale (Ed. P. Chemineau, D. Gauthier, J. Thimonier). INRA Publications, 20:1-80.

Humphreys, L. R. 1991. Tropical pasture utilisation. Cambridge University Press.

Hoque, M. A., M. R. Amin and D. H. Baik. 2002. Genetic and non-genetic causes of variation in gestation lenght, litter size and litter weight in goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15: 772-776. crossref(new window)

Knights, M and G. W. Garcia. 1997. The status and characteristics of the goat (Capra hircus) and its potential role as a significant milk producer in the tropics: a review. Small Ruminant Research. 26,203-215. crossref(new window)

Kochapakdee, S., W. Pralomkarn, A. Saithanoo, A. Lawpetchara and B. W. Norton. 1994. Grazing management studies with Thai goats II Reproductive performances of different genotypes of does grazing improved pasture with or without concentrate supplementation. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 7:563-570. crossref(new window)

Leimbacher, F. 1996. La s$\'{e}$lection du mouton 'Martinik'. INRAURZ. p. 22.

Mahieu, M., G. Aumont and G. Alexandre, 1997. Elevage intensif des ovins tropicaux $\`{a}$ la Martinique, INRA Prod. Anim. 10:21-32.

Mellado, M. and C. Meza-Herrera. 2002. Influence of season and environment on fertility of goats in a hot-arid environment. J. Agric. Sci.138:97-102.

Mellado, M., R. H. Foote and A. Gomez, 1991. Reproductive efficiency of Nubian goats throughout the year in Northern Mexico. Small Ruminant Research. 6:151-157. crossref(new window)

Minson, D. J. 1990. Forage in ruminant nutrition. Academic Press, New York.

Nawak, M., M. A. Khan, M. A. Qureshri and E. Rasool. 1999. Productive and reproductive performance of Kajli and Lohi ewes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12: 61-67. crossref(new window)

Osuji, P. 1987. Intensive feeding systems for goats in Latin America and the Caribbean. In: Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on Goats. (Ed. O. P. Santana, A. G. da Silva, W. C. Foote), Brasilia, Brazil, 8-13/03/87. vol. 1: 1077-1107.

Peron, N., T. Limas, J. L. Fuentes. 1991. El ovino Pelibuey de Cuba. Revisi$\'{o}$n bibliogr$\'{a}$fica de algunas caractericas productivas. Rev. Mundial Zootecnia. 66:32-39.

Rastogi, R. K., M. J. Keens-Dumas and F. B. Lauckner. 1993. Comparative performance of several breeds of Caribbean hair sheep in purebreeding and candsbreeding. Small Ruminant Res. 9:353-366. crossref(new window)

Rossanigo, C. E., K. L. Frigerio and J. Silva Colomer, 1995. Produccion de la cabra criolla sanluisena. In: Proceedings of the XIV Associaciion Latinoamericana de Produccion Animal. Mar del Plata, Argentina. 1161-1164.

Russel, A. J. F., J. M. Doney and R. G. Gunn. 1969. Subjective assessment of body fat in live sheep. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 72: 451-454. crossref(new window)

S.A.S. 1988. S.A.S. user's guide, Statistics, S.A.S. inst., Inc.

Cary, N.C., P. J. Van Soest, J. B.Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, nuetral detergent fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74: 3583-3597. crossref(new window)

de Villiers, J. F., T. J. Dugmore and W. A. Botha. 1995. The relationship between pre- and post-weaning performance of lambs on Italian ryegrass. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 25:16-20.