Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Growth Performance and Caecal Fermentation in Growing Rabbits Fed on Diets Containing Graded Levels of Mulberry (Morus alba) Leaves
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Growth Performance and Caecal Fermentation in Growing Rabbits Fed on Diets Containing Graded Levels of Mulberry (Morus alba) Leaves
Prasad, Rajendra; Misra, A.K.; Sankhyan, S.K.; Mishra, A.S.; Tripathi, M.K.; Karim, S.A.; Jakhmola, R.C.;
  PDF(new window)
Growth performance, nutrient digestibility and changes in caecal fermentation pattern was studied on four groups of 8 grower rabbits (soviet chinchilla) each, fed on diets containing 17 to 18% CP and feed. The complete diets contained mulberry leaves along with other feed ingredients at 0 (LH), 15 (ML15), 30 (ML30) and 45% (ML45) levels. In LH diet ground lucerne hay was added at 15% of the diet as roughage source. The diets were uniform in other nutritional parameters except the higher amount of hemicellulose (18.7 and 16.5%) in LH and ML15 diets. The performance of grower rabbits was better (p<0.05) on LH and ML15 diets in terms of twelve weeks weight (kg), total gain (g), average daily gain (ADG) and feed efficiency (%). Different levels of mulberry leaves in the diet did not influence the dry matter intake. Digestibility of nutrients for DM, OM, CP, NDF and energy was uniform in all the diets but the digestibility of CF, ADF and cellulose was higher (p<0.01) on ML15, ML30 and ML 45 diets. The hemicellulose digestibility was significantly higher (p<0.01) on LH (44.52%) and ML15 (48.00%) compared to ML30 (33.54%) and ML 45 (39.17%) diets. The nitrogen retention (% of intake) was higher (p<0.05) in LH and ML15 diets than ML30 and ML45 diets. The caecum weight as percent of intestine weight consistently increased (p<0.05) with increasing content of mulberry leaves in diets. Total nitrogen and -N was higher on LH and ML15 diets. It is concluded that incorporation of mulberry leaves can replace Lucerne hay in complete rabbit feed (15% in diet). Even at higher level i.e. 30 and 45% of the diet mulberry leaves based complete feed gave promising results.
Rabbit;Growth;Tree Leaves;Mulberry Leaves;Caecal Fermentation;Nutrient Utilization;
 Cited by
Caecal fermentation characteristics, blood composition and growth of rabbits on substitution of soya-bean meal by unconventional high-glucosinolate mustard (Brassica juncea) meal as protein supplement, animal, 2008, 2, 02  crossref(new windwow)
The nutritive value of mulberry leaves (Morus alba) as a feed supplement for sheep, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2009, 41, 1, 17  crossref(new windwow)
Productivity results and physiological response of the gastrointestinal tract of rabbits fed diets containing rapeseed cake and wheat distillers dried grains with solubles, Animal Production Science, 2015, 55, 6, 777  crossref(new windwow)
Barnett, A. T. G. and R. L. Reid. 1957. Studies on the production of volatile fatty acids from grass and liquor in an artificial rumen. J. Agric. Sci. 48:315-321. crossref(new window)

Bellier, R. 1994. Controle nutritionnel de l activite fermentaire caecale. These de Doctorat, Institut National Polytechnique, Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Agronomie de Toulouse pp. 119-123.

Bhatt, R. S. and S. R. Sharma. 2001. Nutrient utilization and growth performance of broiler rabbits fed on oat plant meal and tall fescue hay. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:1228-1232. crossref(new window)

Candau, M., G. Delpon and J. Fioramonthi. 1978. Influence de la nature des glucides membranaires sur le development anatomofonctionnel du tractus digestif du lapin. Proc. of the 2eme Journees de la Resherche Cunicole, Toulouse, France. INRA, pp. 1.1-1.4.

Carabano, R., M. J. Fraga, G. Santoma and J. C. De Blas. 1988. Effect of diet on composition and caecal content and on excretion and composition of soft and hard faeces of rabbits. J. Anim. Sci. 66:901-910. crossref(new window)

Carabano, R., W. Motta-Ferriera, J. C. De Blas and M. J. Fraga. 1997. Substitution of sugar beet pulp for alfalfa hay in diets for growing rabbits. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 65:249-256. crossref(new window)

Chiou, P. W. S., B. Yu and C. Lin. 1994. Effect of different components of dietary fibre on the intestinal morphology of domestic rabbits. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (A) 108:629-638. crossref(new window)

Conway, E. J. 1957. Micro-diffusion analysis and volumetric error. 4th edn. London Crossby, Lockwood and Sons Ltd., University Press, Glasgow, Scottland. pp. 98-110.

De Blas, J. C., G. Santoma, R. Carabano and M. J. Fraga. 1986. Fibre and starch level in fattening rabbit diets. J. Anim. Sci. 63:1897-1904. crossref(new window)

Fraga, M. J., C. Barreno, R. Carabano, J. Mendez and J. C. De Blas, 1984. Efecto de los niveles de fibra y proteina del pienso sobre la velocidad de crecimiento y los parametros digesti vos de los conejos. Anales INIA serie Ganadera. 21:91-110.

Franck, Y. and J. P. Coulmin. 1978. Utilisation de la paille de ble broyee comme source de cellulose dans les aliments de lapins a' l'engraissement, comparaison de deux taux de cellulose. 2eme Journees de la Recherche Cunicole, 4-5 April, Toulouse, France, Comm. No.10.

Garcia, G., J. F. Galvez and J. C. De Blas. 1992. Substitution of barley grain by sugar beet pulp in diets for finishing rabbits. 2. Effect on growth performance. J. Appl. Rabbit Res. 15:1017-1024.

Garcia, G., J. F. Galvez and J. C. De Blas. 1993. Effect of substitution of sugarbeet pulp for barley in diets for finishing rabbits on growth performance and on energy and nitrogen efficiency. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1823-1830. crossref(new window)

Garcia, J., J. C. De Blas, R. Carabano and P. Garcia. 1995a. Effect of type of lucerne hay on caecal fermentation and nitrigen contribution through caecotrophy in rabbits. Repd. Nutr. Devt. 35:267-275. crossref(new window)

Garcia, J., L. Perez-Alba, C. Alvarez, R. Rocha, M. Ramos and C. De Blas. 1995b. Prediction of the nutritive value of lucerne hay in diets for growing rabbits. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 54:33-44. crossref(new window)

Garcia, J., M. J. Villamide and J. C. De Blas. 1996. Energy protein and fibre digestibility of sunflower hulls, olive leaves and NaOH treated barley straw for rabbits. World Rabbit Science 4:205-209.

Gidenne, T. and N. Jehl. 1996. Replacement of starch by digestible fibre in the feed for the growing rabbits. 1. Consequences for digestibility and rate of passage. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 61:183-192. crossref(new window)

Gidenne, T. and J. M. Perez. 1994. Aports de lignines et alimentation du lapin en croissance. I. Consequences sur la digesttion et le transit. Ann. Zootech. 43:313-322. crossref(new window)

Gidenne, T., J. M. Perez and F. Lebas. 1998. Besoins en constituanta parietaux du lapin en croiss ance. 7eme J. Rech. Cunicoles. 13-14 May, Lyon France, ITAVI Publ. Pl 51-154.

Gidenne, T. 2000. Recent advances in rabbit nutrition: Emphasis on fibre requirements. A review. World Rabbit Sci. 8:23-32.

Jehl, N. and T. Gidenne. 1996. Replacement of digestible fibre in feed for growing rabbits. 2. Consequence for microbial activity in the caecum and on incidence of digestive disorders. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 61:193-204. crossref(new window)

Licois, D. and T. Gigenne. 1999. L'emploi dum regime deficient en fibres par le lapereau sci sensibilite via a vis dune infection experimentale par une souche d'Escherichia Coli enteropathogene, 8eme J. Rech. Cunicoles Fr., 9-10 June Paris, ITAVI Publ. Paris. pp. 101-104.

Maitre, I., F. Lebas, P. Arveux, A. Bourdillon, J. Duperry, Y. Saint Cast. 1990. Tauxx de lignocellulose (ADF de Van soest) et performance de crossance du lapin de chair. 5eme J. Rech. Cunicoles. 12-13 December, Paris, ANRA and ITAVI edn, Vol 2, 56.1-56.11.

Merino, J. M. and R. Carabano. 1992. Effect of type of fibre on ileal and fecal digestibility. J. Appl. Rabbit Res. 15:931-937.

Morisse, J. P., E. Boilletol and R. Maurice. 1985. A limentation et modifications du milieu intestinal chez le lapin (AGV, NH3, pH, Flora). Recl. Med. Vet. 161:443-449.

Motta Ferreira, W. 1990. Effectos de la sustituction partial de heno de alfalfa per orujo de uva a pulpa de remolacha, sobre la utilizacion de la dieta y los rendimientos en conejos en crecimiento. Tesis Doctoral, Univ. Politec, Madrid p. 251.

Motta Ferreira, W., M. J. Fraga and R. Carabano. 1996. Inclusion of grape pomace, in substitution of lucerne hay, in diets of growing rabbits. Anim. Sci. 63:167-174. crossref(new window)

Muriu, J. I., E. N. Njoka-Njiru, J. N. Tuitoek and J. N. Nanua. 2002. Evaluation of sorghum (Sorghum bicolour) as replacement of maize in the diet of growing rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:565-569. crossref(new window)

Peeters, J. E. and G. J. Charlier. 1984. Le complexe enterite du lapin de chair en elevage rationnel. Cuniculture Sci. 2:13-26.

Peeters, J. E. and L. Maerten. 1988. L'alimentation et les enterites post-sevrage. Cuniculture 83:224-229.

Perez, J. M., T. Gidenne, F. Lebas, I. Caudron, R. Arveux, A. Bourdillon, J. Duperray and B. Messager. 1994. Appports de lignines dans l'alimentation du lapin en croissance. 2) Consequences sur les performances el la mortalite. Ann. Zootech. 44:323-332.

Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis, 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597. crossref(new window)

Vasanthakumar, P., K. Sharma, V. R. B. Sastry and S. Kumar. 1999. Effect of graded level of neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel cake on carcass characteristics of broiler rabbits. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12:1246-1250. crossref(new window)

Yangxi, Ma., Defa Li, S. Y. Qiao, C. H.Huang and In K. Han. 2002. The effect of fibre source on organ weight, digesta pH, specific activities of digestive enzymes and bacterial activity in the gastrointestinal tract of piglets. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:1482-1488. crossref(new window)