Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on Nutritive Value of Tropical Forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study on Nutritive Value of Tropical Forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia
Evitayani, Evitayani; Warly, L.; Fariani, A.; Ichinohe, T.; Fujihara, T.;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to evaluate nutritive value of forages commonly used as ruminant feeds in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Seven species of grasses and five species of legumes were collected during the rainy season. The results showed that chemical composition, in vitro digestibility of dry matter (DMD), organic matter (OMD) and crude protein (CPD), in vitro gas production and metabolizable energy (ME) content greatly varied among the species of grass and legume forages. The CP content ranged from 6.6 to 16.2% in grass and from 17.5 to 29.1% in legumes; while NDF content of grass and legume ranged from 57.2 to 66.2% and from 24.4 to 55.6%, respectively. The DMD, OMD and CPD of grass ranged from 49.1 to 62.2%, 51.9 to 64.4% and 50.5 to 60.3%; while in legumes the values ranged from 59.1 to 71.8%, 65.2 to 72.0% and 68.2 to 71.6%, respectively. The ME content of grass varied from 6.4 to 9.3 MJ/kg and from 6.5 to 8.3 MJ/kg for legumes. In general, within species of grass Cynodon plectostachyus contained higher CP but was lower in NDF that resulted in much higher digestibility; a similar result was also found in Leucaena leucocephala for the legumes. The two forages also contained much higher ME than the others. In conclusion, the nutritive value of forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia during the rainy season was relatively high as ruminant feed, with the best quality noted for Cynodon plectostachyus and Leucaena leucocephala.
Forages;Nutrient Content;In vitro Digestibility;Gas Production;Metabolizable Energy;
 Cited by
Effect of Tannins in Acacia nilotica, Albizia procera and Sesbania acculeata Foliage Determined In vitro, In sacco, and In vivo,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 2, pp.220-228 crossref(new window)
Determination of Nutritive Value of Citrus Tree Leaves for Sheep Using In vitro Gas Production Technique,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2007. vol.20. 4, pp.529-535 crossref(new window)
Biomass and quality changes of forages along land use and soil type gradients in the riparian zone of Lake Naivasha, Kenya, Ecological Indicators, 2015, 49, 169  crossref(new windwow)
Abdulrazak, S. A., J. Nyangaga and T. Fujihara. 2001. Relative palatability of some browse species, their in sacco degradability and in vitro gas production characteristics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:1580-1584.

Ammar, H. S., O. Lopez, Bochi-Brum, R. Garcia and M. J. Ranilla. 1999. Composition and in vitro digestibility of leaves and stems of grasses and legumes harvested from permanent mountain meadows at different stages of maturity. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 8:599-610.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, Virginia.

Apori, S. O., F. B. Castro, W. J. Shand and E. R. Orskov. 1998. Chemical composition, in sacco degradation and in vitro gas production of some Ghanaian browse plants. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 76:129-137.

Blummel, M and E. R. Orskov. 1993. Comparison of in vitro gas production and nylon bag degrada-bility of roughage in predicting feed intake in cattle. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 40:109-119.

Bula, T. J., V. L. Lechtenberg and D. A. Holt. 1977. Potential of temperate zone cultivated forages. In: Potential of the world Forages for Ruminant Animal production. pp. 7-28. Winrock Intl. Livestock Res. Trg. Cent., Arkansas.

Chapman, P. G. 1986. Protein degradation in the rumen of sheep fed Pangola grass and Siratro hay. Master of Agricultural Science thesis. p. 105. University of Queensland.

Devendra, C. 1995. Composition and nutritive value of browse legumes. In: (Ed. J. P. F. D'Mello and C. Devendra). pp. 49-65. Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Devendra, C. 1982. The nutritive value of Leucaena leucochepala cv Peru in balance and growth studies with goats. Malaysian Agricultural research and Development Bulletin 10:183-150.

Evitayani, L. Warly, A. Fariani, T. Ichinohe, S. A. Abdulrazak and T. Fujihara. 2004. Comparative rumen degradability of some legumes forages between wet and dry seasons in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1107-1111.

Fariani, A. 1996. The evaluation of nutritive value of forages by in situ and in vitro techniques. PhD Thesis. Shimane University.

Goering, H. G. and P. J. VanSoest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis (apparatus, reagents, procedure and some application. Agricultural Handbook, 379.ARS, USDA, Washington DC.

Goering, H. G. and P. J. Van Soest. 1973. Forage fibre analysis (apparatus reagents, procedure and some application. Agricultural Handbook, 3799. ARS, USDA, Washington DC.

Khamseekhiew, B. J., B. liang, C. C. Wong and Z. A. Jalan. 2001. Ruminal and Intestinal digestibility of some tropical legume forages. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:321-325.

Kimambo, A. E., M. R. Weisbjerg, T. Hvelplund and J. Madesn. 1994. Feeding value of some tropical feed evaluated by nylon bag technique. Symposium on Integrated Livestock/Crop Production System in Small Scale and Communal Farming Sector. University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Krishnamoorthy, U., H. Soller, H. Steingass and K. H. Menke. 1995. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies in vitro. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 52:177-188.

Laredo, M. A. and D. J. Minson. 1973. The voluntary intake, digestibility and retention time by sheep of leaf and stem fractions of five grasses. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 24:875-888.

Menke, K. H. and H. Steinngas. 1988. Estimation of energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Anim. Res. Develop. 28:7-55.

Menke, K. H., L. Raab, A. Salewski, H. Steingas, D. Fritz and W. Schneider. 1979. The estimation of digestibility and metabolizable energy of ruminants feeding stuffs from the gas production when they are incubated with rumen liquor in vitro. J Agric. Sci. (Cambridge). 93:217-222.

Milford, R. and K. P. Haydock.1965. The nutritive value of protein in subtropical pasture species grown in southeast Queens land. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 5:13-17.

Minson, D. J. 1990. The Chemical Composition and nutritive Value of Tropical grasses. In: (Ed. P. J. Skerman, D. G. Cameroon and F. Riveros) Tropical Grasses. pp. 172-180. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Nasrullah, M., Niimi, R. Akashi and O. Kawamura. 2003. Nutritive evaluation of forage plants grown in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 16:693-701.

Ndlovu, L. R. 1991. Complementary of forages in ruminant digestion: Theoretical consideration. In: (J. E. S. Stares, A. N. Said, and J. A. Xategile). pp. 17-23. The Complementary of Feed Resources Networks Workshop held in Gaborone, Bostwana.

Nogueria Filho, J., C. M. Fondevilla, Barrios Urdaneta and A. Gonzalez Ronquillo. 1999. In vitro microbial fermentation of tropical grasses at an advanced maturity stage. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 83:145-157.

Norton, B. W. and D. P. Poppi. 1995. Composition and nutritional attributes of pasture legumes. In: (J. P. F. D'Mello, C. Devendra). pp. 23-48. Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Norton, B. W. 1995. Browse legumes as supplements. In: Forage tree legumes in Tropical Agriculture Edited by Gutteridge, RC. and Shelton, H.M. pp. 245 – 257. CAB Int. Wallingford, U.K.

Orskov, E. R. and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. 92:499-503.

Rees, M. C. 1982. The effects of major fertilizer components of super phosphate on the nutritive value of grasses. PhD thesis. p. 241. The University of Queensland.

SAS. 1999. Statistical analysis system. SAS/STAT User’s guide. Statistical analysis Institute, Inc. Carry, NC. USA.

Singh, N. P. 1981. Utilization of top feeds for goats and sheep. Proceeding of the National Seminar on Sheep and Goat Production. pp. 1-16. Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, India.

Tilley, J. M. A. and R. A. Terry. 1963. A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. J. Br. Grassland Soci. 18:104-111.

Tudsri, S. and C. Kaewkunya. 2002. Effect of Leucaena row spacing and cutting intensity on the growth of Leucaena and three associated grasses in Thailand. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:986-991.

Yahaya, M. S., M. Kawai, J. Takahashi and S. Matsuoka. 2002. The effects of different moisture content and ensiling time on silo degradation of structural carbohydrate of orchard grass. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:213-217.