AOAC. 1980. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Edn. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington, DC.
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington, DC.
Bolhuis, G. G. 1954. The toxicity of cassava root. J. Agric. Sci. 46:165-172.
D, Mello, J. P. F. 1995. Leguminous leaf meals in non-ruminant nutrition. In: Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition (J. P. E. D, Mello and P. Devendra). Biddles, Guildford, London, pp. 247-281.
Daghir, N. J. 1995. Poultry Production in Hot Climates. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Dana, N. and B. Ogle. 2002. Effects of Scavenging on Diet Selection and Performance of Rhode Island Red and Fayoumi Breeds of Chicken Offered a Choice of Energy and Protein Feeds. Trop. Anim. Health and Prod. 34:417-429.
Dat, N. H., N. T. Dong, L. T. An, X. H. Tung and P. B. Huong. 2001. Study on the biological characteristics and production performance of Luong Phuong chickens of M1, M2 strains at Lien Ninh station. Annual Scientific Report of the National Institute of Animal Husbandry, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Dessie, T. and B. Ogle. 2001. Village Poultry Production Systems in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health and Prod. 33(6):521-537.
Devegowda, G. 1992. Feeding and feed formulation in hot climates for layers. In: Proceedings of the 19th World's Poultry Congress. 2:77-80.
Gunaratne, S. P., A. D Charndrasiri, W. A. P. Mangalika Hemalatha and J. A. Roberts. 1993. Feed Resource Base for Scavenging Village Chickens in Sri Lanka. Trop. Anim. Health and Prod. 25:249-257.
Kitalyi, A. J. 1998. Family poultry management systems in Africa. First INFPD/FAO electronic conference on family poultry. pp. 1-10.
McDonald, P., R. A. Edwards, F. D. Greenhalgh and C. A. Morgan, 1995. Animal Nutrition, Fifth Edition, Longman Scientific & Technical, Harlow, Essex, England.
Minh, D. V. 1999. Effects of energy and protein supplementation strategy on the production performance of local and improved scavenging hens in northern Vietnam. MSc thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Minitab. 1998. Minitab Reference Manual Release 12 for Windows, Minitab Inc. USA.
Montilla, J. J., R. Vargas and M. Montaldo. 1976. The effect of various levels of cassava leaf meal in broiler rations. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Tropical Root Crops, CIAT, Cali, Colombia. pp. 143-145.
Mwalusanya, N. A., A. M. Katule, S. K. Mutayoba, U. M. Minga, M. M. A. Mtabo and J. E. Olsen. 2002. Nutrient status of crop contents of rural scavenging local chickens in Tanzania. Br. Poult. Sci. 43:64-69.
Nehring, K. and G. F. W. Haenlein. 1973. Feed evaluation and ration calculation based on net energy. J. Animal. Sci. 36(5).
NIAH (National Institute of Animal Husbandry). 1995. Composition and nutritive value of animal feeds in Vietnam. Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi.
NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th revised Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
O, Brien, G. M., A. J. Taylor and N. H. Poulter. 1991. Improved enzymic assay for cyanogens in fresh and processed cassava. J. Sci. Food Agric. 56:277-289.
Phuc, B. H. N., B. Ogle and J. E. Lindberg. 2000. Effect of replacing soybean meal with cassava leaf protein in cassava root meal based diets for growing pigs on digestibility and N retention. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 83:223-235.
Ravindran, V. 1990. Cassava leaf meal. In: Non-Traditional Feed Sources for Use in Swine Production. (Ed. P. A. Thacker and R. N. Kirkwood). Butterworths, Boston. pp. 91-101.
Ravindran, V. 1993. Cassava leaves as animal feed: Potential and limitations. J. Sci. Food Agric. 61:141-150.
Ravindran, G. and V. Ravindran. 1988. Changes in the nutritional composition of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves during maturity. Food Chem. 27:299-309.
Rogers, M. and M. Milner. 1963. Amino acid profile of manioc leaf protein in relation to nutritive value. Economic Botany. 17:211-216.
Smith, A. J. 1990. Poultry-Tropical Agriculturalist Series. CTA, Macmillan Press Ltd., London.
Spackman, D. H., W. H. Stein and S. Moore. 1958. Automatic recording apparatus for use in chromatography of amino acids. Anal. Chem. 30:1190-1206.