Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Stocking Density and Transportation Time of Market Pigs on Their Behaviour, Plasma Concentrations of Glucose and Stress-associated Enzymes and Carcass Quality
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Stocking Density and Transportation Time of Market Pigs on Their Behaviour, Plasma Concentrations of Glucose and Stress-associated Enzymes and Carcass Quality
Kim, D.H.; Woo, J.H.; Lee, C.Y.;
  PDF(new window)
It is known that the transportation stress of market pigs can affect their carcass quality and that blood concentrations of glucose, creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) are indicators of the transportation stress. Fifty-seven gilts and 57 barrows weighing approximately 110 kg were randomly assigned into six groups in a 3 [high (0.31 kg BW)-, medium (0.35 )- and low (0.39 )-stocking densities][1 h vs. 3 h transportation time] arrangement of treatments. Blood samples were taken during transportation and after 2 h lairage. The percentage of "standing" animals during transportation was less in the low- than in the mediumor high-stocking density; the opposite was true for the "sitting" posture. Plasma concentrations of glucose, CK and LDH increased after loading and declined to the resting levels after lairage. Concentrations of CK and LDH were greater in the 3 h vs. 1 h transportation group. Moreover, the LDH concentration was less in the low- than in the medium- or high-density group. Also detected was a significant interaction between the stocking density and transportation time in all of these blood variables. The incidence of pale, soft and exudative (PSE) carcass was greatest in the high-stocking density group. Interestingly, the PSE incidence increased following the 3 h vs. 1 h transportation at the low-density, but not at the medium-density. Results suggest that the medium-density may be preferable to the lowdensity in the long-distance transportation.
 Cited by
출하취급과 차량형태가 출하돈의 스트레스와 도체품질에 미치는 영향,김두환;송준익;전중환;

한국축산시설환경학회지, 2011. vol.17. 2, pp.101-106
계절과 성분리 사육이 비육돈의 생산성, 스트레스 및 도체품질에 미치는 영향,김두환;송준익;전중환;

한국축산시설환경학회지, 2011. vol.17. 2, pp.107-114
돈방바닥 면적과 형태가 비육돈의 생산과 행동 및 도체품질에 미치는 영향,김두환;하덕민;송준익;전중환;

한국축산시설환경학회지, 2012. vol.18. 3, pp.165-172
), Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2007, 64, 2, 336  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Transport at Weaning on the Behavior, Physiology and Performance of Pigs, Animals, 2014, 4, 4, 657  crossref(new windwow)
Safety Evaluation of a Standardized <i>Macleaya cordata</i> Extract in a Ninety Day Feeding Study in Weaned Piglets, Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 2017, 07, 02, 213  crossref(new windwow)
Barton-Gade, P. A. and L. Christensen. 1998. Effect of different stocking densities during transport on welfare and meat quality in danish slaughter pigs. Meat Sci. 48:237-247.

Becker, B. A., H. F. Mayes, G. L. Hahn, J. A. Nienaber, G. W. Jesse, M. E. Anderson, H. Heymann and H. B. Hedrick. 1989. Effect of fasting and transportation on various physiological parameters and meat quality of slaughter hogs. J. Anim. Sci.67:334-341.

Bradshaw, R. H., S. J. G. Hall and D. M. Broom. 1996. Behavioural and cortisol response of pigs and sheep during transport. Vet. Rec. 138:233-234.

CIE. 1978. Recommendations on uniform color spaces-color difference equations, psychometric color terms. Supplement no. 2 to CIE Publication No. 15 (E-1.3.1) 1971/(TC-1-3). Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage, Paris.

Collins, J. R. 1993. Welfare in transit. Pig Vet. J. 30:23-29.

Gispert, M., L. Faucitano, M. A. Oliver, M. D. Guardia, C. Coll, K. Siggens and A. Diester. 2000. A survey of preslaughter conditions, halothane gene frequency, and carcass and meat quality in five spanish pig commercial abattoirs. Meat Sci. 55:97-106.

Guise, H. J., E. J. Hunter, P. J. Baynes, P. J. Wigglesworth, H. L. Riches and R. H. C. Penny. 1996. The behaviour of slaughterweight pig s during transport. The Pig Journal 38:19-29.

Hunter, E. J., C. M. Weeding, H. J. Guise, T. A. Abbott and R. H. C. Penny. 1994. The effect of season and stocking density on pigs welfare during transport. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 41:274.

Knowles, T. G. and P. D. Warriss. 2000. Stress physiology of animals during transport. In: Livestock Handling and Transport (Ed. T. Grandin). CABI Publishing, New York. pp. 385-407.

Lambooij, E., G. J. Garssen, P. Walstra, G. Mateman and G. S. M. Merkus. 1985. Transport by car for two days: some aspects of watering and loading density. Livest. Prod. Sci. 13:289-299.

Lee, Y. B. and Y. I. Choi. 1999. PSE (pale, soft, exudative) pork: The causes and solutions. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12:244-252.

Lee, J. R., D. H. Kim, T. Y. Hur, S. T. Joo and G. B. Park. 2001. The effect of mixed-gender transportation of barrows and gilts. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 43:747-754.

Lee, C. Y., H. P. Lee, J. H. Jeong, K. H. Baik, S. K. Jin, J. H. Lee and S. H. Sohn. 2002. Effects of restricted feeding, low-energy diet, and implantation of trenbolone acetate plus estradiol on growth, carcass traits and circulating concentrations of insulinlike growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 in finishing barrows. J. Anim. Sci. 80:84-93.

Martoccia, L., G. Brambilla, A. Macri, G. Moccia and E. Cosentino. 1995. The effect of transport on some metabolic parameters and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 40:271-275.

NLRI. 2002. New Technology for Pork Production. National Livestock Research Institute, Suwon, Korea.

Payne, J. M. and S. Payne. 1987. The metabolic profile test. UK: Oxford Science Publications.

Perez, M. P., J. Palacio, M. P. Santolaria, M. C. Acena, G. Chacon, M. Gascon, J. H. Calvo, P. Zaragoza, J. A. Beltran and S. Garcia-Belenguer. 2002. Effect of transport time on welfare and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 61:425-433.

SAS. 1998. User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC,USA.

Warner, R. D., R. G. Kauffman and M. L. Greaser. 1997. Muscle protein changes post mortem in relation to pork quality traits. Meat Sci. 45:339-352.

Warries, P. D., S. N. Brown, G. R. Nute, T. G. Knowles, J. E. Edwards, A. M. Perry and S. P. Johnson. 1995. Potential interactions between the effect of preslaughter stress and postmortem electrical stimulation of the carcass on meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 41:55-68.

Warriss, P. D., S. N. Brown, T. G. Knowles, J. E. Edwards, P. J. Kettlewell and H. J. Guise. 1998a. The effect of stocking density in transit on the carcass quality and welfare of slaughter pigs; 2. results from the analysis of blood and meat samples. Meat Sci. 48:447-456.

Warriss, P. D., S. N. Brown, J. E. Edwards and T. G. Knowles. 1998b. Effect of lairage time on levels of stress and meat quality in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 66:255-261.