Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Nutritive Evaluation of Forage Plants Grown in South Sulawesi, Indonesia II. Mineral Composition
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Nutritive Evaluation of Forage Plants Grown in South Sulawesi, Indonesia II. Mineral Composition
Nasrullah, Nasrullah; Niimi, Mitsuhiro; Akashi, Ryo; Kawamura, Osamu;
  PDF(new window)
In order to evaluate the nutritive value of the forage plants in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, 266 samples (61 grasses and 65 legumes grown in the dry season, 60 grasses and 80 legumes grown in the rainy season) were collected from the highland and the lowland in 1998 to 2000, and were subjected to the determination of mineral composition. The mean contents of Ca, Mg, P, Na and K in grasses were 0.6, 0.3, 0.5, 0.1 and 2.3%, respectively, and in legumes were 1.8, 0.5, 0.8, 0.1 and 1.7%, respectively. The least-squares analysis of variance demonstrated as follows; For the grasses, Ca content was significantly affected by the yearseason, yearaltitude, and the seasonaltitude interactions. Mg content was significantly affected by year and season and P content was significantly affected by altitude, year and by the yearaltitude interaction. For the legumes, Ca content was significantly affected by altitude and the yearseason, seasonaltitude and the yearaltitude interactions and Mg content was significantly affected by season or altitude and by the yearseason interaction. These results indicate that Ca content of forage plants grown at the lowland in rainy season was higher than at the highland in dry season. Mg content of forage plants grown at the lowland in dry season was higher than at the highland in rainy season and P content of forage plants grown in the highland was higher than in the lowland.
Mineral Composition;Forage Plants;South Sulawesi;Indonesia;
 Cited by
A manual of experiments for plant biology. 1995. Edited by Kokichi Hinata and Teruyoshi Hashiba. Soft Science Publications, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 275-279.

ARC. 1980. The nutrient requirements of ruminant livestock. pp. 309-314. Agricultural Research Council. (Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux: Farnham Royal, Slough, G.B.).

Central Association of Livestock Industry. 2001. Standard tables of feed composition in Japan. Edited by agriculture, forestry and fisheries research council secretariat, MAFF.

Harvey, W. R. 1990. User's guide for LSMLMW and MIXMDL PC-2 version mixed model least-squares and maximum likehood computer program. Ohio State University, Colombus.

Haryanto, B. 1992. Ruminant production and feed utilization in Indonesia. In: Proceeding of the 25th International Symposium on Tropical Agriculture Research. Trop. Agric. Res. Ser. No.25.

Little, D. A. 1986. The mineral content of ruminant feeds and the potential for mineral supplementation in south-east Asia with particular reference to Indonesia. In: Ruminant feeding systems utilizing fibrous agricultural residues-1985. Proc. 5th Ann. Workshop of the Australasian-Asia fibrous Agricultural Residue Research Networ, IDP, Canberra, Australia (Ed. R. M. Dixon) pp. 77-86.

Loneragan, J. F., J. S. Gladstone and W. J. Simmons. 1968. Mineral elements in temperate crop and pasture plants: 2. Calcium. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 19:353-64.

McDonald, P., R. A. Edwards, J. F. D. Greenhalgh and C. A. Morgan. 1995. Animal nutrition. 5th Ed. Assison Wesley Longman Limited, Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, UK. pp. 97-127.

Metson, A. J. and W. M. W. Saunders. 1978. Seasonal variations in chemical composition of pasture: 1. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and phosphorus. New Zealand J. Agric. Res. 21:341-53.

Miller, D. A. 1984. Forages crops. College of Agriculture, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, pp. 100-106.

Minson, D. J. 1990. Forage in ruminant nutrition. Division of tropical crops and pastures. Commonwealth scientific and industrial research organization. St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

Morris, J. G. and G. W. Murphy. 1972. The sodium requirements of beef calves for growth. J. Agric. Sci. 78:105-108.

Nasrullah, M. Niimi, R. Akashi and O. Kawamura. 2003. Nutritive evaluation of forage plants grown in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:693-701.

NCA. 1976. National Commission on Agriculture. Part VII. Animal Husbandry. Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, New Delhi.

Panjaitan, M. 1988. Nutritive value of tree legumes introduced in Indonesia. Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal. Vol. 10, No.3.

Underwood, E. J. 1971. Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. Academic Press, New York.