JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Dietary Supplementation of Betaine (Betafin) and Response to High Temperature Stress in Male Broiler Chickens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Dietary Supplementation of Betaine (Betafin) and Response to High Temperature Stress in Male Broiler Chickens
Zulkifli, I.; Mysahra, S.A.; Jin, L.Z.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The effects of supplemental betaine () in the drinking water (50 g/kg) (WB) or feed (100 g/kg) (FB) were investigated on male broiler chickens () exposed to 4 h episodes of heat stress at on day (d) 35 and from d 36 to 41. Prior to (d 1 to 34) and following heat exposure (d 35 to 41), betaine supplementation had no significant effect on body weight, total feed intake and cumulative feed conversion ratios of broilers. The total water intake of WB chicks was lower compared to controls. Prior to heat exposure, there was no difference in percentage of mortality among the three dietary groups. Following the heat challenge period, although higher percentage of control chicks succumbed to the heat challenge as compared to those of WB, it was not significantly different. The WB and FB chicks were less hyperthermic than controls in response to the heat challenge. Irrespective of treatment groups, the heat treatment resulted in a marked elevation in heterophil/lymphocyte ratios (HLR). The WB birds, however, had smaller increase in HLR than those of controls during heat exposure. Antibody production against Newcastle disease vaccine on day 35 was not affected by betaine supplementation. On d 42, WB birds had higher antibody production than those of FB. It is concluded that the WB treatment, as measured by HLR, antibody production and mortality rate, has advantages over the FB group under heat stress conditions.
 Keywords
Betaine;Heat Stress;Broiler Chickens;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Acute Heat Stress on Heat Shock Protein 70 and Its Corresponding mRNA Expression in the Heart, Liver, and Kidney of Broilers,;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1116-1126 crossref(new window)
2.
Effects of Dietary Betaine on the Secretion of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I and Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-1 and -3 in Laying Hens,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2010. vol.23. 3, pp.379-384 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Appleby, M. C., B. O. Hughes and H. A. Elson. 1992. Poultry Production Systems. Behaviour, Management and Welfare. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

2.
Boch, J., B. Kempf and E. Bremer. 1994. Osmoregulation in Bacillus subtilis: synthesis of the osmoprotectant glycine betaine from exogenously provided choline. J. Bacteriol. 176:5634-5371.

3.
Chancellor, L. and B. Glick. 1960. Effects of temperature as a stressor on white blood cells, adrenals and bursa of Fabricius of chicks. Am. J. Physiol. 198:1346-1348.

4.
Gross, W. B. and H. S. Siegel. 1983. Evaluation of the heterophil/lymphocyte ratio as a measure of stress in chickens. Avi. Dis. 27:972-979.

5.
Kidd, M. T., P. R. Ferket and J. D. Garlich. 1997. Nutritional and osmoregulatory functions of betaine. Wld’s. Poult. Sci. J. 53:125-139.

6.
Leenstra, F. R. 1986. Effect of age, sex, genotype and environment on fat deposition in broiler chickens. Wld’s. Poult. Sci. J. 42:12-25. crossref(new window)

7.
March, B. E. and G. Hansen. 1977. Lipid accumulation and cell multiplication in adipose bodies in White Leghorn and broilertype chicks. Poult. Sci. 56:1686-1593.

8.
Matthews, J. O., L. L. Southern and J. E. Pontie. 1995. Effect of betaine (Betafin-BCR) on growth and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 73:195 (Abstr.).

9.
Moberg, G. P. 1985. Biological response to stress: key assessment of animal suffering and well being. In: (Ed. G. P. Moberg), Animal Stress, Waverly Press, Baltimore, MD. pp. 27-50.

10.
National Research Council. 1984. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 8th Revised Edition. National Academic Press, Washington DC.

11.
Pfaff, F. E. and R. E. Austic. 1976. Influence of diet on development of the abdominal fat pad in the pullet. Br. J. Nutrn. 106:443-450.

12.
Sapolsky, R. M. 1992. Neuroendocrinology of the stress response. In: (Ed. J. B. Booker, S. M. Breedlove and D. Crews), Behavioral Endocrinology, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. pp. 287-324.

13.
SAS Institute. 1982. SAS$\circledR$ User's Guide: Statistics. (Ed. A. Ray). SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

14.
Saunderson, C. L. and J. MacKinlay. 1990. Changes in body weight, composition and hepatic enzyme activities in response to dietary methionine, betaine and choline levels in growing chicks. Br. J. Nutr. 63:339-349.

15.
Schutte, J. B., J. De Jong, W. Smink and M. Pack. 1997. Replacement value of betaine for DL-methionine in male broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 76:321-325.

16.
Smith, J. W., J. L. Nelssen, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, B. T. Richert, K. Q. Owen, J. R. Bergstorm and S. A. Blum. 1995. The effects of supplementing growing-finishing swine diest with betaine and (or) choline on growth and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 73:83 (Abstr.).

17.
Zimmerman, N. G., P. Twining, J. Harter-Dennis and S. Fitz-Coy. 1996. Betaine as a methionine substitute and coccidial deterrent in broilers. Poult. Sci. 75:154 (Abstr).

18.
Zulkifli, I., E. A. Dunnington, W. B. Gross and P. B. Siegel. 1994a. Food restriction early or later in life and its effect on adaptability, disease resistance and immunocomptence of heatstressed dwarf and nondwarf chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:203-213.

19.
Zulkifli, I., E. A. Dunnington, W. B. Gross and P. B. Siegel. 1994b. Inhibition of adrenal steroidogenesis, food restriction and acclimation to high ambient temperatures in chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:417-426.

20.
Zulkifli, I., M. T. Che Norma, D. A. Israf and A. R. Omar. 2000. The effect of early age feed restriction on subsequent response to high environmental temperatures in female broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 79:1401-1407.

21.
Zulkifli, I., P. K. Liew, D. A. Israf, A. R. Omar and M. Hair-Bejo. 2002. Effects of early age feed restriction and thermal conditioning on heterophil/lymphocyte ratio, heat shock protein 70 and body temperature of male broiler chickens subjected to acute heat stress. J. Thermal Biol. (in press).

22.
Zulkifli, I., R. T. Dass and M. T. Che Norma. 1999. Acute heat stress effects on physiology and fear-related behaviour in commercial broilers and red jungle fowl. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 79:165-170.