Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Probiotic-vitacogen and β1-4 Galacto-oligosaccharides Supplementation on Methanogenesis and Energy and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Probiotic-vitacogen and β1-4 Galacto-oligosaccharides Supplementation on Methanogenesis and Energy and Nitrogen Utilization in Dairy Cows
Mwenya, B.; Zhou, X.; Santoso, B.; Sar, C.; Gamo, Y.; Kobayashi, T.; Takahashi, J.;
  PDF(new window)
The effects of probiotic-vitacogen and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) supplementation on methanogesis, energy and nitrogen utilization in replacement dairy cows were evaluated. A basal diet comprising orchardgrass hay, lucerne hay cube and concentrate (2:2:1, DM basis) were fed with or without supplements to four cows at per day in a Latin square arrangement. The four treatments were; 1) basal diet, 2) basal diet plus 100 g probiotic-vitacogen, 3) basal diet plus 50 g GOS, 4) basal diet plus 50 g GOS and 100 g probiotic-vitacogen. Nutrient apparent digestibility was not altered by the effect of supplementation. Nitrogen intake was significantly (p<0.001) higher for the two vitacogen-supplemented diets compared to control and GOS supplemented diets. However, vitacogen supplemented diets had numerically higher fecal and urinary nitrogen losses, thereby, having lower nitrogen retention compared to control and GOS supplemented diets. Gross energy intake was also significantly (p<0.05) higher for vitacogen-supplemented diets compared to control and GOS diets, however, due to higher losses in feces, urine, methane and heat, GOS supplemented diet had numerically higher energy retention. There was an 11% reduction in methane emission (liters/day) in GOS supplemented diet compared to control diet. However, the combination of GOS with vitacogen resulted in an increased methane emission. When expressed per unit of animal production (g/kg live-weight gain), methane production tended to be lower in vitacogensupplemented diets compared to control and GOS diets. The supplementation of replacement dairy cows with GOS reduced methane emission (liters/day), while, vitacogen supplementation reduced methane emission per unit animal production. The two feed supplements may contribute to the abatement of methane as a greenhouse gas.
 Cited by
Some Prophylactic Options to Mitigate Methane Emi ssion from Animal Agriculture in Japan,;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2011. vol.24. 2, pp.285-294 crossref(new window)
Effects of Probiotic Additions to Feed and Manure on Temperature, Humidity, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Hanwoo Manure during Summer - A Field Study,;;;;;

Journal of Environmental Science International, 2013. vol.22. 9, pp.1235-1239 crossref(new window)
Effects of concentrate crude protein content on nutrient digestibility, energy utilization, and methane emissions in lactating dairy cows fed fresh-cut perennial grass, Journal of Dairy Science, 2016, 99, 11, 8858  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Probiotic Additions to Feed and Manure on Temperature, Humidity, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Hanwoo Manure during Summer - A Field Study, Journal of Environmental Science International, 2013, 22, 9, 1235  crossref(new windwow)
Some Prophylactic Options to Mitigate Methane Emission from Animal Agriculture in Japan, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2010, 24, 2, 285  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of different levels of protein with or without probiotics on growth performance and blood metabolite responses during pre- and post-weaning phases in male Kurdi lambs, Small Ruminant Research, 2014, 117, 1, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Galacto-Oligosaccharides: Production, Properties, Applications, and Significance as Prebiotics, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 2010, 9, 5, 438  crossref(new windwow)
Comparing the effects of β1-4 galacto-oligosaccharides and l-cysteine to monensin on energy and nitrogen utilization in steers fed a very high concentrate diet, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2005, 118, 1-2, 19  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Yeast Culture and Galacto-Oligosaccharides on Ruminal Fermentation in Holstein Cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 2005, 88, 4, 1404  crossref(new windwow)
Abe, F., N. Ishibashi and S. Shimamura. 1995. Effects of administration of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria to newborn calves and piglets. J. Dairy Sci. 78:2838-2846.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.

Brouwer, E. 1965. Report of sub-committee on constants and factors. In proceedings of the 3rd symposium on energy metabolism, pp. 441-443 (Ed. K. L. Blaxter). London: Academic press.

Chaucheyras, F., G. Fonty, G. Bertin and P. Gouet. 1995. In vitro $H_2$ utilization by a ruminal acetogenic bacterium cultivated alone or in association with an archaea methanogen Is stimulated by a probiotic strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:3466-3467.

Fallon, R. J. and F. J. Harte. 1987. The effect of yeast culture inclusion in the concentrate diet on calf performance. J. Dairy Sci. 70 (Suppl. 1) 143 (Abstr.).

Gamo, Y., M. Mii, X. G. Zhou, C. Sar, B. Santoso, I. Arai, K. Kimura and J. Takahashi. 2002. Effects of lactic acid bacteria, yeasts and galactooligosaccharide supplementation on in vitro rumen methane production. Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture pp. 201-204 (Ed. J. Takahashi and B. A. Young). Elsevier Science B.V.: Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Goering, M. K. and P. J. van Soest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis (apparatus, reagent, procedures and some applications). Agriculture. Handbook 379. US Department of Agriculture, US.

Harrison, G. A., R. W. Hemken, K. A. Dawson, R. J. Harmon and K. B. Barker. 1988. Influence of addition of yeast culture supplement to diets of lactating cows on ruminal fermentation and microbial population. J. Dairy Sci. 71:2967-2975.

Hegarty, R. S. 1999. Mechanism for competitively reducing ruminal methanogenesis. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 50: 1299-1305. crossref(new window)

Hovell, F. D., J. W. Deb, W. P. Ngambi and D. J. Kyle. 1986. The voluntary intake of hay by sheep in relation to its degradability in the rumen as measured in nylon bags. Anim. Prod. 42:111-118.

Hoyos, G., L. Garcia and F. Medina. 1987. Effects of feeding viable microbial feed additives on performance of lactating cows in a large dairy herd. J. Dairy Sci. 70 (Suppl. 1):217(Abstr.).

IPCC. 1996. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Revised Methodology. Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, vol. 3. Bracknell.

Ishikawa, F., H. Takayama, K. Mastumoto, M. Ito, O. Chonan, Y. Deguchi, H. Kikuchi-Hayakawa and M. Watanuki. 1995. Effect of $\beta$1-4 linked galacto-oligosaccharides on human fecal microflora. Bifidus 9:5-18.

Johnson, D. E and G. M. Ward. 1996. Estimates of animal methane emissions. Environmental Monitoring and assessment 42:133-141.

Johnson, D. E., H. W. Phetteplace and A. F. Seidl. 2001. Methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions from ruminant livestock production systems. Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture pp. 44-52 (Ed. J. Takahashi and B. A. Young). Elsevier Science B.V.: Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Kurihara, M. T. Magner, R. A. Hunter and G. J. McCrabb. 1999. Methane production and energy partition of cattle in the tropics. Br. J. Nutr. 81:277-234.

Mathison, G. W., E. K. Okine, T. A. McAllister, Y. Dong, J. Galbraith and O. Dmytruk. 1998. Reducing methane emissions from ruminant animals. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 14:1-28.

Ohtsuka, K., K. Tsuji, Y. NaKagawa, H. Ueda, O. Ozawa, T. Uchida and T. Ichikawa. 1990. Availability of 4′- galactosyllactose (O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1-4)-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1-4)-D-glucopyranose) in rats. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 36:265-276.

Phillips, W. A. and D. L. VonTungeln. 1985. The effects of yeast culture on the post stress performance of feeder calves. Nutr. Rep. Int. 32:287.

Sako, T., K. Matsumoto and R. Tanaka. 1999. Recent progress on research and applications of non-digestible galactooligosaccharides. Int. Dairy J. 9:69-80.

Santoso, B., S. Kume, K. Nonaka, K. Kimura, H. Mizukoshi, Y. Gamo and J. Takahashi. 2003. Methane emission, nutrient digestibility, energy metabolism and blood metabolites in dairy cows fed silages with and without galacto-oligosaccharides supplementation. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:534-540.

Santoso, B., S. Kume, K. Nonaka, Y. Gamo, K. Kimura and J. Takahashi. 2003. Influence of $\beta$1-4 galacto-oligosaccharides supplementation on nitrogen utilization, rumen fermentation, and microbial nitrogen supply in dairy cows fed silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1137-1142.

Tamai, S., K. Ohtsuka, O. Ozawa and T. Uchida. 1992. Effect of a small amount of galactooligosaccharides on fecal Bifidobacterium. J. Jpn. Soc. Nutr. Food Sci. 45:456-460.

Takahashi, J., M. Ikeda, S. Matsuoka and H. Fujita. 1998. Prophylactic effect of L-cysteine to acute and subclinical nitrate toxicity in sheep. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 74:273-280.

Takahashi, J., T. Miyagawa, Y. Kojima and K. Umetsu. 2000. Effects of yucca shidigera extract, probiotics, monensin and Lcysteine on rumen methanogenesis. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13 (Suppl.):499-501.

The, T. H., T. Sahlu, E. N. Escobar and J. L. Cutshaw. 1987. Effect of live yeast culture and sodium bicarbonate on lactating goats. J. Dairy Sci. 70 (Suppl.1) 288(Abtr.).

Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

Wakita, M., R. Sakurai, M. Noro, T. Kosugi and S. Hoshino. 1987. Microbes in the fermented product 'Vitacogen'. Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci. 58:8-12.

Williams, P. E. V., C. A. G. Tait, G. M. Innes and C. J. Newbold. 1991. Effects of the inclusion of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) plus growth medium) in the diet of dairy cows on milk yield and forage degradation and fermentation patterns in the rumen of steers. J. Anim. Sci. 69:3016-3026.

Williams, P. E. V. and C. J. Newbold. 1990. Rumen probiosis: The effects of novel microorganisms on rumen fermentation and ruminant productivity. In: Recent Advances in Anim. Nutr. (Ed. W. Haresign and D. J. A. Cole), Butterworth, London, pp. 211-227.

Wohlt, J. E., T. T. Corcione and P. K. Zajac. 1998. Effect of yeast on feed intake and performance of cows fed diets based on corn silage during early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 81:1345-1354.

Zhou, X. Y. Gamo, C. Sar and J. Takahashi. 2001. Effects of probiotics supplementation on energy and nitrogen utilization and methane emission in sheep fed on lucerne soilage and silage. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on greenhouse gases and animal agriculture. pp. 363-366. Tokachi Plaza Obihiro, Japan.