Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Feeding High and Low Energy Levels during Late Pregnancy on Performance of Crossbred Dairy Cows and Their Calves
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Feeding High and Low Energy Levels during Late Pregnancy on Performance of Crossbred Dairy Cows and Their Calves
Khan, M.A.A.; Islam, M.N.; Khan, M.A.S.; Akbar, M.A.;
  PDF(new window)
The present research was designed to evaluate the effects of pre and post-partum energy level and feeding pattern on the performance of crossbred dairy cows and their calves under farm conditions. A total of 16 crossbred dairy cows were divided into two equal groups on the basis of their body weight and milk production. One group was given 30% less and the another was given 30% more energy than MAFF's (1984) recommendation. After calving all cows were given same ad.libitum diet to assess the effects of feeding during pregnancy on their performance. It was observed that just before calving cows on low energy group gained less (p<0.05) weight than that of the cows on high energy group (12.911.71 vs. 42.2512.74 kg/cow. Birth weight of calves of low energy group was lower (p<0.05) than that of the calves of high energy group (17.871.78 vs. 20.732.24 kg/calf). Cows that were on low pre-calving dietary energy level produced less milk during lactation than the cows of high energy pre-calving group (3.450.75 vs. 4.270.79 lit./cow). No significant difference was noticed on calf growth rate and reproductive parameters of cow. Energy level that was 30 % less than MAFF's (1984) recommendation was found to be very low and not suitable for our crossbred cows during their last three months of pregnancy.
Pre-calving;Dairy Cow;Feed Supply;Nutrition and Lactation;Feed Intake;Reproduction;
 Cited by
Agarwala, A. C. and R. M. Sharma. 1961. A laboratory manual of milk inspection, 4th edition. Asian Publishing House, Bombay.

Anthony, R. V., R. A. Bellows, R. E. short, R. B. Staigmiller, C. C. Kaltenbach and T. G. Dunn. 1986. Fetal growth of beef calves. 1. Effect of pre-partum dietary crude protein on birth weight, blood metabolites and steroid hormone concentrations. J. Anim. Sci. 62:1363-1374.

AOAC. 1985. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington DC.

ARC. 1990. ‘The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock’ (Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau: Farnham Royal.)

Clutter, A. C. and M. K. Nielsen. 1987. Effect of level of beef cow milk production on pre-and post-weaning calf growth. J. Anim. Sci. 64:1313-1322.

Corah, L. R., C. C. Waltenbach, T. E. Kiser and T. G. Dunn. 1973. Pre-partum energy and sire effect on cow reproduction. J. Anim. Sci. 37:241 (Abstr.).

Corah, L. R., T. G. Dunn and C. C. Kaltenbach. 1975. Influence of prepartum nutrition on the reproductive performance of beef females and the performance of their progeny. J. Amin. Sci. 41:819.

Dindorkar, C. V., S. J. Muzaffar and A. S. Kaikini. 1982. Note on the effect of feeding extra energy diets to anoestrous cattle. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 52:1228-1229.

Dunn, I. G., U. E. Ingalls, D. R. Zimmerman and J. N. Wiltbank. 1969. Reproductive performance of two-year Hereford and Angus heifers as influenced by pre and post calving energy intake. J. Anim. Sci. 29:719.

Eckles, C. H., W. B. Combs and H. Macy. 1951. Milk and milk products, 4th edition, McGrow Hill Book Company, New York-Toranto-London. p. 69.

Garnsworthy, P. C. and G. P. Jones. 1987. The influence of body condition at calving and dietary protein supplements on Voluntary food intake and performance in dairy cows. Amin. Prod. 66:347-353.

Goehring, T. B., L. R Corah and L. A. Peterson. 1987. Effect of energy and lasalocid levels of primiparous beef cows. ii. Postpartum productivity. J. Anim. Sci. 65 (suppl.1):103.

Hall, D. H. 1974. Studies on the level of LH and progesterone levels in heifers on restricted energy intakes. J. Anim. Sci. 4:51.

Hight, G. K. 1968. Plane of nutrition effects in late pregnancy and during lactation on beef cows and their calves to weaning. N. Z. J. Agric. Resh. 11:71-84.

Islam, M. N. 1988. The effects of pre-calving nutrition on the performance of single and twin pregnant beef cows and their calves. Ph. D. Dissertation. School of Agril. Univ. Aberdeen.

Islam, M. N., K. M. A. Islam, A. Wadud and M. N. Hasan. 1992. Studies on the quality of milk available in surrounding local markets of Manikganj milk chilling centre and Milk Vita, Manikganj.

Jenness, R. and S. Patton. 1959. Principles of Dairy Chemistry, New York. John Willey and Sons. Inc. p. 223.

Joubert, D. M. and F. N. Bousma. 1958. The effect of nutrition on the birth of calves. Nutr. Abst. Review. 28:303.

King, J. O. L. 1968. The relationship between conception rate and changes in body weight, yild and S.N.F. content of milk in dairy cows. Veterinary Record 38:492.

Kunj, P. L., J. W. Blum, I. C. Hart, H. Bickel and J. Lands. 1985. Effects of different energy intakes before and after calving on food intake, performance blood hormones and metabolites in dairy cows. J. Anim. Prod. 40:219-231.

Larson, R. 2000. Nutrition management to reduce the incidence of displaced abomesum. Nutrition Management Guides. Dairy Research and Extension News, Kansas State Univ. and Oklahoma State Univ.

McDonald, P., R. A. Edwards and J. F. D. Greenhalgh. 1985. Animal nutrition. Third edn. Longman Group Limited. Longman House. Burnt Mill. Harlow Essex, CM20 2 JE, ngland.

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. 1984. Energy allowances and feeding system for ruminants. Tech. bull. 433. Her majesty’s Stationery Office, London.

Murphy, J. J. 1999. Effect of dry protein feeding on post-partum milk production and composition. Livestock prod. Sci. 57(2):169-179. crossref(new window)

Patchell, M. R. 1957. N.Z.J. Sci. Techno. 38 A: 682. Cited from Broster, W. H. 1971. Dairy Sci. Abstr. 33:253-270.

Prasad, S. and O. S. Tomer. 1996. Effect of body condition at calving and postpartum level of feeding on the performance traits of crossbred cattle-body condition score and body weight. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 49(2):70.

Rakha, A. M. and G. Igbboeli. 1971. Effect of nutrition, season and age on the estrous cycle of indigenous Central African cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 32:943-945.

Ranjhan, S. K. 1993. Animal Nutrition in Tropic. Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi.

Russel, A. J. E., J. N. Peart, J. Eadie, A. J. MacDonald and I. R. White. 1979. The influence of energy intake during late pregnancy on the production from two genotypes of sucker cow. J. Amin. Prod. 28:309-327.

Schimid, G. H. and L. H. Schultz. 1959. Effect of three levels of grain feeding during the period on the incidence of Ketosis, Severity of udder edema and subsequent milk production of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 42:170.

Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1980. Principle and procedure of statistic: A Biometrical Approach. 2nd edn. Mc-Graw -Hill Book Company New York, New York.

Webb, S. K. and P. J. Dziuk. 1974. Effect of stage of gestation and uterine space on prenatal survival in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 38:960.