JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Replacing Nonfiber Carbohydrates with Nonforage Detergent Fiber from Cassava Residues on Performance of Dairy Cows in the Tropics
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Replacing Nonfiber Carbohydrates with Nonforage Detergent Fiber from Cassava Residues on Performance of Dairy Cows in the Tropics
Kanjanapruthipong, J.; Buatong, N.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Four HolsteinIndigenous cows with ruminal canulas were used in a 44 Latin square design with 28 d periods to determine the effect of replacing nonforage fiber source (NFFS) from cassava residues for non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC) on ruminal fermentation characteristics and milk production. Dietary treatments contained 17% forage neutral detergent fiber (FNDF) from corn silage and 0, 3, 6 and 9% nonforage NDF from cassava residues and 11% nonforage NDF from other NFFS, so that levels of nonforage NDF were 11, 14, 17 and 20% dry matter (DM). Intakes of DM and net energy for lactation, average daily gain and milk fat percentage were not different (p>0.05). Ruminal pH, ammonia concentrations, acetate to propionate ratios, 24 h in sacco fiber digestibility significantly increased with increasing contents of nonforage NDF from cassava residues. Concentrations of VFA, urinary excretion of purine derivatives, milk protein percentage, production of milk and 4% FCM significantly decreased. These results suggest that NFC in diets is one of the limiting factors affecting productivity of dairy cows in the tropics and thus NFFS is better used as partial replacements for FNDF.
 Keywords
Nonforage Fiber;Cassava Residues;Dairy Cows;Tropics;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Allen, Dm M. and R. J. Grant. 2000. Interactions between forage and wet corn gluten feed as sources of fiber in diets for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 83:322-331.

2.
Allen, M. S. 2000. Effects of diet on short-term regulation of feed intake by lactating dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1598-1624.

3.
Armentano, L. and M. Pereira. 1997. Measuring the effectiveness of fiber by animal response trials. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1416-1425.

4.
Association of official Analytical chemists. 1980. Official Methods of Analysis 13th Ed. AOAC. Washington, DC.

5.
Batajoo, K. K. and R. D. Shaver. 1994. Impact of nonfiber carbohydrate on intake, digestion, and milk production by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77:1580-1588.

6.
Bhatti, S. A. and J. L. Firkins. 1995. Kinetics of hydration and functional specific gravity of fibrous feed by-products. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1449-1458.

7.
Borchers, R. 1977. Allantoin determination. Anal. Biochem. 79:612-613.

8.
Cant, J. P., E. J. De Peters and R. L. Baldwin. 1993. Mammary amino acid utilization in dairy cows fed fat and its relationship to milk protein depression. J. Dairy Sci. 76:762-774.

9.
Cant, J. P., E. J. De Peters and R. L. Baldwin. 1993. Mammary uptake of energy metabolites in dairy cows fed fats and its relationship to milk protein depression. J. Dairy Sci. 76:2254-2265.

10.
Crant, R. J. 1997. Interactions among forages and nonforage fiber sources. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1438-1446.

11.
Cunningham, K. D., M. J. Cecava and T. R. Johnson. 1993. Nutrient digestion, nitrogen and amino acid flows in lactating cows fed soybean hulls in place of forage or concentrate. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3523-3535.

12.
Erdman, R. A. 1988. Dietary buffering requirements of the lactating dairy cows: a review. J. Dairy Sci. 71:3246-3266.

13.
Erwin, E. S., G. J. Macro and B. M. Emesy. 1961. Volatile fatty acid analysis of blood and rumen fluid by gas chromatography. J. Dairy Sci. 44:1768-1771.

14.
Firkins, J. L. 1997. Effects of feeding nonforage fiber sources on site of fiber digestion. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1426-1437.

15.
Fujimaki, T., Y. Kobayashi, M. Wakita and S. Hoshino. 1994. Influence of amino acid supplements to a straw-maize-based urea diet on duodenal digesta flow and digestion in sheep. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 7(1):137-145.

16.
Geissler, C., M. Hoffman and B. Hickel. 1976. Ein beitrag zur gas hromatographischen bestimmung flüchtiger fettsäuren. Arch. Tierernährung. 26:123-129.

17.
Hoover, W. H. and S. R. Stokes. 1991. Balancing carbohydrates and proteins for optimum rumen microbial yield J. Dairy Sci. 74:3630-3644.

18.
Kanjanapruthipong, J., N. Buatong and S. Buaphan. 2001. Effects of roughage neutral detergent fiber on dairy performance under tropical conditions. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(10):1400-1404.

19.
Kanjanapruthipong, J. and N. Buatong. 2003. Formulating diets on an equal forage neutral detergent fiber from various sources of silage for dairy.

20.
Knapp, D. M. and RIC R. Grummer. 1991. Response of lactating dairy cows to fat supplementation during heat stress. J. Dairy Sci. 74:2573-2579.

21.
Mertens, D. R. 1997. Creating a system for meeting the fiber requirements of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1463-1481.

22.
Ohajuruka, O. A., Z. Wu and D. L. Palmquist. 1991. Ruminal metabolism. Fiber, and protein digestion by lactating dairy cows fed calcium soap or animal vegetable fat. J. Dairy Sci. 74:2601-2609.

23.
Pantoja, J., J. L. Firkins, M. L. Eastridge and B. L. Hull. 1994. Effects of fat saturation and source of fiber on site of nutrient digestion and milk production by lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2341-2356.

24.
Sarwar, M., J. L. Firkins and M. L. Eastridge. 1992. Effects of varying forage and concentrate carbohydrates on Nutrient digestibilities and milk production by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 75:1553-1542.

25.
SAS/STAT$^{\circledR}$ User’s Guide, Version 6, 4 th Edition. Vol 2. 1989. SAS Inst., Cary, NC.

26.
Spicer, L., C. B. Theurer, J. Sowe and T. H. Noon. 1986. Ruminal and post-ruminal utilization of nitrogen and starch from sorghum grain, corn-and barley-based diets by beef steers. J. Anim. Sci. 62:521-530.

27.
Swain, S. M. and L. E. Armentano. 1994. Quantitative evaluation of fiber from nonforage sources used to replace alfalfa silage. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2318-2331.

28.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

29.
Wang, J. H., S. H. Choi and M. K. Song. 2003. Effects of concentrate to roughage ratio on the formation of cis-9, tran-11 CLA and trans-11 octadecenoic acid in the rumen fluid and plasma of sheep when fed high oleic or high linoleic acids. Asian- Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(11):1604-1609.

30.
Weatherburn, M. W. 1967. Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia. Anal. Chem. 39:971-974. crossref(new window)

31.
Younker, R. S., S. D. Winland, J. L. Firkins and B. L. Hull. 1998. Effects of replacing forage fiber or nonfiber carbohydrates with dried brewers grains. J. Dairy Sci. 81:2645-2656.