Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Age and Lines on Blood Parameters in Laying Tsaiya Ducks
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Age and Lines on Blood Parameters in Laying Tsaiya Ducks
Lee, S.R.; Shen, T.F.; Jiang, Y.N.;
  PDF(new window)
Three hundred and twelve female Tsaiya ducks from four lines (L1051, L1052, L1053 and L1054) were used in this study to investigate the changes in plasma calcium and inorganic phosphorus levels, blood pH, carbon dioxide partial pressure (pCO), bicarbonate ion concentration (), and base excess (BE) during laying periods. The results indicated that plasma calcium and inorganic phosphorus concentration at 40 and 50 wks of age were higher (p<0.05) than those at other ages. Significant positive correlation coefficients were found between plasma calcium and inorganic phosphorus levels at each age tested from 20 to 50 wks. Ducks from L1053 showed lower (p<0.05) blood pH, BE and as compared with other lines. Ducks from L1054 had higher (p<0.05) blood pH, BE and than those of other lines showing that there were some differences on blood parameters among lines. Eggshell strength decreased with age up to 65 wks and remained constant thereafter. Egg weight increased gradually from 30 to 60 wks and decreased slightly after 70 wks of age. Plasma inorganic phosphorus level in 40 and 50 wks old birds was positively correlated with eggshell strength, while blood in 40 and 50 wks old birds was negatively correlated with eggshell strength.
Tsaiya Duck;Blood Parameter;Age;Laying Period;
 Cited by
Atteh, J. O. and S. Leeson. 1983. Influence of increasing dietary calcium and magnesium levels on performance, mineral metabolism, and egg mineral content of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 62:1261-1268.

Balnave, D., I. Yoselewitz and R. J. Dixon. 1989. Physiological changes associated with the production of defective egg-shells by hens receiving sodium chloride in the drinking water. Br. J. Nutr. 61:35-43.

Chen, P. S. Jr., T. Y. Toribara and H. Warner. 1956. Microdetermination of phosphorus. Anal. Chem. 28:1756-1758.

Chen, W. L. and T. F. Shen. 1989. Comparative studies on the utilization of calcium between laying Tsaiya duck and Leghorn hen. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 2(2):67-75.

Cheng, T. K. and T. F. Shen. 1985. The fluctuation of serum total calcium and inorganic phosphorus levels within a single day in domestic laying duck (Tsaiya). J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 14(3-4):99-103 (In Chinese).

Ciba-Corning Diagnostics Corp., 1988. Blood Gas System:Operator’s Manual. pp. 2.1-2.11. Medfield, MA.

Hamilton, R. M. G. and B. K. Thompson. 1980. Effects of sodium plus potassium to chloride ratio in practical type diets on blood gas levels in three strains of White Leghorn hens and the relationship between acid-base balance and egg shell strength. Poult. Sci. 59:1294-1303.

Hodges, R. D. 1970. Blood pH and cation levels in relation to eggshell formation. Ann. Biol. Anim. Biochem. Biophys. 10:199-213. crossref(new window)

Izat, A. L., F. A. Gardner and D. B. Mellor. 1985. Effects of age of bird and season of the year on egg quality. 1. Shell quality. Poult. Sci. 64:1900-1906.

Koch, J., E. G. Buss and R. F. Wideman. 1984. Blood ionic calcium responses of hens from thick-shell and thin-shell lines to ethyleneglycol-bis (b-aminoethylether)-N, N'-tetraacetic acid injections. Poult. Sci. 63:172-175.

Lee, S. R., T. F. Shen and Y. N. Jiang. 2002. Effects of age and lines on blood parameters in growing Tsaiya ducks. J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 31(3):201-208.

Lee, S. R., J. F. Huang, N. S. Sheu, S. Y. Chen, B. J. Chen, Y. N. Jiang, J. J. L. Tai and C. Tai. 1992. Study on the performance of brown Tsaiya duck (Anas platyrhynchos var. domestica). Taiwan Livestock Res. 25(1):35-48 (In Chinese).

Lee, S. R., S. T. Pan, S. T. Shyu and B. J. Chen. 1991. Study on the cage-feeding system for laying Tsaiya duck(Anas platyrhynchos var. domestica). Taiwan Livestock Res. 24(2):177-185 (In Chinese).

Lee, S. R. and Y. P. Lee. 1990. The relationship between behavior and performance of laying brown Tsaiya. Proceedings of 5th AAAP Animal Science Congress, 27 May-1 June, 1990. Taiwan, Vol 3, p. 224.

Mongin, P. 1968. Role of acid-base balance in physiology of egg shell formation. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 24:200-230.

Mongin, P. and B. Sauveur. 1979. Plasma inorganic phosphorus concentration during egg shell formation- Effect of the physical form of the dietary calcium. Br. Poult. Sci. 20:401-412.

Parsons, A. H. and G. F. Combs, Jr. 1981. Blood ionized calcium in the chicken. Poult. Sci. 60:1520-1524.

Paul, H. S. and D. C. Snetsinger. 1969. Dietary calcium and phosphorus and variations in plasma alkaline phosphatase activity in relationship to physical characteristics of egg shells. Poult. Sci. 48:241-250.

Roland, D. A. 1979. Egg shell quality. II. Effect of dietary manipulations of protein, amino acid, energy and calcium in young hens on egg weight, shell weight, and egg production. Poult. Sci. 59:2047-2054.

SAS Institute Inc. 1996. SAS$\circledR$System for Mixed Models. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.

Simmons, G. S. and D. J. S. Hetzel. 1983. Time relationships between oviposition, ovulation and egg formation in Khaki Campbell ducks. Br. Poult. Sci. 24:21-25.

Van de Velde, J. P., F. C. Ginkel and J. P. W. Vermeiden. 1986. Patterns and relationship of plasma calcium, protein and phosphorus during the egg laying cycle of the fowl and the effect of dietary calcium. Br. Poult. Sci. 27:421-433.

Wideman, R. F. Jr. and E. G. Buss. 1985. Pecent shell and plasma mineral concentrations in three strains of domestic fowl selected for thick or thin egg shell production. Poult. Sci. 64:388-395.