Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Addition of a Mycotoxin Detoxifier in Poultry Feed Containing Different Levels of Aflatoxins on the Performance of Broilers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Addition of a Mycotoxin Detoxifier in Poultry Feed Containing Different Levels of Aflatoxins on the Performance of Broilers
Afzal, M.; Zahid, Saleem;
  PDF(new window)
Effects of addition of a mycotoxin detoxifier in poultry feed were studied in broilers. Aflatoxins were present in the poultry feed as 28 ppb (normal feed), 78 ppb (contaminated feed) and 170 ppb (highly contaminated feed). The mycotoxin detoxifier was used in 3 concentrations i.e. 1, 3 and 5 kg/ton of feed. Aflatoxins reduced the body weight in broiler chicken and treatment of contaminated feed with low level of detoxifier improved the body weight equivalent to that of normal feed. Higher level of detoxifier proved better than lower level addition in alleviating the effects of highly contaminated feed. Addition of detoxifier also resulted in improvement of FCR to the level of normal feed. Antibody levels against Newcastle disease virus on day 28 of age were significantly lower in chicken fed on contaminated feed. Addition of detoxifier in feed improved the antibody levels in chicken. Mortality was highest in groups given contaminated feed throughout the study period of 7 weeks. Significant mortality was also observed in groups given highly contaminated feed for 2 weeks. Mortality in chicken given detoxifier added contaminated feed was lowest and similar to the group given normal feed. The study shows that mycotoxin detoxifier containing oxyquinol, dichloro-thymol and micronized yeast can effectively neutralize the ill-effects of aflatoxins in poultry feed.
Mycotoxin Detoxifier;Aflatoxins;Performance;Broilers;Antibody Titers;
 Cited by
In vivo detoxification of aflatoxinB1 by magnetic carbon nanostructures prepared from bagasse, BMC Veterinary Research, 2014, 10, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Use of yeast (Pichia kudriavzevii) as a novel feed additive to ameliorate the effects of aflatoxin B1 on broiler chicken performance, Mycotoxin Research, 2017, 33, 4, 273  crossref(new windwow)
Does distillery yeast sludge ameliorate moldy feed toxic effects in White Leghorn hens?, Toxin Reviews, 2017, 1556-9551, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Afzal, M., R. A. Cheema and R. A. Chaudhry. 1979. Incidence of aflatoxins and aflatoxin producing fungi in animal feedstuffs. Mycopath. 69:149-151.

Anjum, A. D. 1990. Weather and Disease: 1. Prevalence of the poultry diseases in and around Faisalabad and their relationship to weather. Pakistan Vet. J. 0:42-45.

Azim, A., K. N. M. Khan, A. H. Cheema, F. A. Mir and M. Afzal. 1990. Occurrence of aflatoxins in poultry liver and associated pathological changes. Pakistan Vet. J. 10:51-54.

Begum, F., A. Rehan, G. Maliha and J. Nuzhat. 2001. Distribution of aflatoxin B1 from poultry feed to different body tissues of broilers. Pakistan Vet. J. 21:121-123.

Bhatti, B. M. 1989. Incidence of poultry diseases and their implications in poultry production in Pakistan. Pakistan Vet. J. 9:194-197.

Bhatti, B. M., T. Talat and R. Sardar. 2001. Estimation of aflatoxin B1 in feed ingredients and compound poultry feeds. Pakistan Vet. J. 21:57-60.

Byun, J. R. and Y. H. Yoon. 2003. Binding of aflatoxin G1, G2 and 2 by probiotic Lactobacillus spp. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1686-1689.

Chaudhry, R. A., H. Afzal and M. Afzal. 1981. Incidence of aflatoxins in cottonseed cake and corn gluten feed at various storage conditions. Pakistan Vet. J. 1:111-113.

Heathcote, J. G. and J. R. Hibbert. 1978. Aflatoxins: Chemical and Biological Aspects. Developments in Food Science 1, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam.

Howorth, B. Jr. and R. D. Wyatt. 1976. Effect of dietary aflatoxin on fertility, hatchability and progeny performance of broiler breeder hens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 31:680-684.

Liu, D. L., D. S. Yao, Y. Q. Liang, T. H. Zhou, Y. P. Song, L. Zhao, and L. Ma. 2001. Production, purification and characterization of an intracellular aflatoxifizyme from Armillariella tabescens (E-20). Food Chem. Toxic. 39:461-466.

Neal, G. E., D. J. Judah, P. Carthew, A. Verma, I. Latour, L. Weir, R. D. Coker, M. J. Nagler and L. A. P. Hoogenboom. 2001.Differences detected in vivo etween samples of aflatoxincontaminated peanut meal, following by two ammonia based processes. Food Add. Contam. 18:137-149.

Piva, G., F. Galvano, A. Pietri and A. Piva. 2000. Detoxification methods of aflatoxins. Zootec. Intern. 23:7-8.

Raju, M. V. L. N. and G. Devegowda. 2002. Esterifiedglucomannan in broiler chicken diets-contaminated with aflatoxin, ochratoxin and T-2 toxin: Evaluation of its binding ability (in vitro) and efficacy as immunomodulator. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:1051-1056.

Rosa, C. A. R., R. Miazzo, C. Magnoli, M. Salvano, S. M. Chiacchiera, S. Ferrero, M. Saenz, E. C. Q. Carvalho and A. Dalcero. 2001. Evaluation of the efficacy of bentonite from the south of Argentina to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broilers. Poult. Sci. 80:139-144.

Sabri, M. A., M. Siddique, M. Z. Khan and H. A. Samad. 1989. Prevalence and pathology of mycotoxicosis in young broiler chicks in and around Faisalabad. Pakistan Vet. J. 9:106-108.

Siddique, M., T. Javed and M. A. Sabri. 1987. Incidence and pathology of various poultry diseases prevalent in Faisalabad and surrounding districts. Pakistan Vet. J. 7:148-154.

Sims, W. M., D. C. Kelly and P. E. Sanford. 1970. A study of aflatoxicosis in laying hens. Poult. Sci. 49:1082-1084.

Sohane, R. K. and V. B. Chaturvedi. 2001. Detoxification of aflatoxin in feed. Pashudhan. 16:3-8.

Suman, M., K. Singh, S. More and K. Singh. 2001. Degradation of preformed aflatoxins in compound animal feed and groundnut cake by detoxifying organisms. Ind. J. Anim. Sci., 71:169-173.

Tozaki, T. 2001. Adsorption and reduction of aflatoxin into feed by using clay (hydrated sodium calcium alminosilicate, HSCAS). Mycotoxins. 51:123-125.

Verma, J., T. S. Johri and B. K. Swain. 2003. Effect of varying levels of aflatoxin, ochratoxin and their combinations on the performance and egg quality characteristics in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.16:1015-1019.