Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Comparative Rumen Degradability of Some Legume Forages between Wet and Dry Season in West Sumatra, Indonesia
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Comparative Rumen Degradability of Some Legume Forages between Wet and Dry Season in West Sumatra, Indonesia
Evitayani, Evitayani; Warly, L.; Fariani, A.; Ichinohe, T.; Abdulrazak, S.A.; Fujihara, T.;
  PDF(new window)
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential nutritive value of five legume forages (leaves and twigs) in West Sumatra during wet and dry seasons. The chemical composition, in vitro dry matter (IVDMD), organic matter (IVOMD) and crude protein digestibility (IVCPD), in vitro gas characteristics and estimated metabolizable energy (ME) showed variation among legume forages and between different seasons. Crude protein (CP) ranged from 14.2 to 27.8% DM in the wet season, with a significant (p<0.05) reduction in dry season. C. pubescens, G. maculata, L. leucocephala and P. phaseloides showed the least reduction in CP content. The NDF, ADF and lignin were about 39.0, 26.5 and 6.1% DM, respectively in the wet season, and significantly (p<0.05) increased in the dry season, except for NDF of C. mucunoides and C. pubescens. For IVDMD, IVOMD and IVCPD significantly increased in the wet season, but values remained as high as over 50.0% of DM. The in vitro gas characteristics and metabolizable energy were significantly (p<0.05) higher in wet season than the dry season. During both seasons, the rate of constant (c) for G. maculata and ME content for C. pubescens and P. phaseloides were not significantly (p<0.05). Results demonstrated that P. phaseloides and L. leucocephala have a good nutritive value during both wet and dry seasons. Further studies on feeding trials are needed to quantify the animal responses when offered these legume forages.
Wet Season;Dry Season;Legume Forages;Nutritive Value;Ruminants;
 Cited by
Seasonal chemical composition, in vitro fermentation and in sacco dry matter degradation of four indigenous multipurpose tree species in Nigeria, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2009, 154, 1-2, 47  crossref(new windwow)
In vitro ruminal fermentation kinetics and energy utilization of three Mexican tree fodder species during the rainy and dry period, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2010, 160, 3-4, 110  crossref(new windwow)
Nutritive value of selected grasses in North Sumatra, Indonesia, Animal Science Journal, 2005, 76, 5, 461  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of season on chemical composition and in situ degradability in cows and in adapted and unadapted goats of three Mexican browse species, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2010, 155, 2-4, 206  crossref(new windwow)
Impact of season of harvest on in vitro gas production and dry matter degradability of Acacia saligna leaves with inoculum from three ruminant species, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2005, 123-124, 67  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of elevation and season on nutrient composition of leaves and green pods of Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera, Agroforestry Systems, 2012, 86, 3, 505  crossref(new windwow)
Abdulrazak, S. A., J. Nyangaga and T. Fujihara. 2001. Relative palatability to sheep of some browse species, their in sacco degradability and in vitro gas production characteristics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(11):1580-1584.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Arlington, Virginia.

Apori, S. O., F. B. Castro, W. J. Shand and E. R. Orskov. 1998. Chemical composition, in sacco degradation and in vitro gas production of some Ghanaian browse plants. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 76:129-137.

Bonsi, M. L. K, P. O. Osuji and A. K. Tuah. 1995. Effect of supplementing teff straw with different level of Leucaena or Sesbania leaves on the degradabilities of teff straw, Sesbania, Tagasaste and Vernonia and on certain rumen and blood metabolites in Ethiopian Menz sheep. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 52:101-129. crossref(new window)

Bulo, D., G. J. Blair, W. Stür and A. R. Till. 1994. Yield and Digestibility of Forages in East Indonesia. I. Legumes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. 3:325-333.

D'Mello, J. P. F. 1992. Chemical constraints to the use of tropical legumes in animal nutrition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 38:237-261.

D'Mello, J. P. F. and C. Devendra. 1995. Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Elginaid, E. M. 1997. Feeding potential of important natural pastures and crop residues in Butana, eastern Sudan. Ph. D. Dissertation. University of Gothingen. Germany.

El-Hag, M. G. 1985. Animal Feed Resources in the Sudan, Potential, Supply and Problems, a paper presented at a Workshop on, Livestock Policy, Range and Feed Utilization Guideline for drought-prone, African countries. Khartoum, Sudan.

Fadel Elseed, A. M. A., A. E. Amin, Khadiga, A. Abdel Ati, J. Sekine, M. Hishinuma and K. Hamana. 2002. Nutritive Evaluation of Some Fodder Tree Species during the Dry Season in Central Sudan. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(6):844-850.

Fariani, A. 1997. The Evaluation of Nutritive Value of forages by in situ and in vitro techniques. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Shimane, Japan.

Goering, H. G. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage fibre analysis (apparatus reagents, procedure and some application. Agricultural Handbook, 3799. ARS, USDA, Washington DC.

Humpreys, L. R. 1995. Diversity and productivity of tropical legumes. In: Tropical Legumes in Animal Nutrition. (Ed. J. P. F. D'Mello and C. Devendra). Cab International. pp. 1-21.

Indonesia Statistical Bureau. 2001a. Directorate general animal husbandry, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesia Statistical Bureau. 2001b. The temperatures and annual rainfall in North and West Sumatra, Indonesia.

Julkunen-Titto, R. 1985. Phenolics constituents in the leaves of northern willows: methods for analysis of certain phenolics. J. Agric. Food Chem. 33:213-217.

Krishnamoorthy, U., H. Soller, H. Steingass and K. H. Menke. 1995. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies in vitro. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 52:177-188.

Menke, K. H. and H. Steingass. 1988. Estimation of energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Animal Research and Development. 28:7-55.

Mohammed, T. A. and F. E. Salih. 1991. Effects of stage of maturity on the nutritive value of low rain woodland Savannah pasture. Sudan. J. Anim. Prod. 4:23-36.

Nasrullah, M., Niimi, R. Akashi and O. Kawamura. 2003. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(5):693-701.

Nogueria Filho, J. C. M., Fondevilla. Barrios Urdaneta and A. Gonzalez Ronquillo. 1999. In vitro microbial fermentation of tropical grasses at an advanced maturity stage. Animal Feed Sci. Technol. 83:145-157.

Orskov, E. R and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 92:499-503.

SAS/Statview$\circledR$. 1999. Using Statview. Statistical Analytical System (SAS) Inc. 3rd Edition. SAS Inc. p. 288.

Sen, K., S. N. Ray and S. K. Ranjhan. 1978. Nutritive Value of Indian Cattle Feeds and the Feeding of Animals. ICAR, New Delhi.

Skarpe, C. and R. Bergstrom. 1986. Nutrient content and digestibility of forage plants in relation to plant phenology and rainfall in the kalari, Botswana. J. Arid Environ. 11:147-164.

Topps, J. H. 1992. Potential, composition and use of legume shrups and trees as fodder for livestock in the tropics. A review. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 118:1-8. crossref(new window)

Topps, J. U. and J. Oliver. 1993. Animal Foods of Central Africa, Technical handbook. pp. 81-83.

Walker, B. H. 1980. A review of browse and its role in livestock production in Southern Africa. In: Browse in Africa. (Ed. H. N. Le Houerou). The Current State of Knowledge. Addis Ababa, Ethiophia. ILCA. p. 335.