Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Corn Cob-based Diets on the Levels of Nutritionally Related Blood Metabolites and Onset of Puberty in Mukota and Landrace×Mukota Gilts
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Corn Cob-based Diets on the Levels of Nutritionally Related Blood Metabolites and Onset of Puberty in Mukota and Landrace×Mukota Gilts
Mashatise, E.; Hamudikuwanda, H.; Dzama, K.; Chimonyo, M.; Kanengoni, A.;
  PDF(new window)
The objective of this study was to determine the levels of nutritionally related blood metabolites, age and body weight at puberty in gilts fed on corn cob-based diet in Mukota and LandraceMukota crossbred gilts. Ten gilts of each of Mukota and crossbred genotypes were fed two diets for 14 weeks in a 22 (breeddiet) factorial treatment arrangement. A corn-cob based diet, designed to contain 2,304 kcal ME/kg, and a standard pig grower diet, were used. The corn cob constituted 20 percent of the total ration. Fortnightly, bodyweights and feed conversion ratios (FCR) were recorded. Blood samples were collected to determine blood glucose, urea and creatinine levels. The average daily bodyweight gain (ADG) in the Mukota was lower (p<0.05) than in the crossbred gilts. Crossbred gilts fed on the corn cob-based diet had lower (p<0.05) urea values from eight weeks from the start of the experiment (p<0.05) compared to Mukota gilts fed the same diet. There were no differences in blood glucose and creatinine concentrations between diets and genotypes. The lack of differences in the nutritionally-related blood metabolites suggest that corn cobs could be incorporated at 20 percent inclusion without compromising blood metabolite concentrations and age at puberty of the Mukota and LandraceMukota gilts.
Mukota;LandraceMukota;Blood Metabolites;Puberty;Corn Cobs;
 Cited by
Growth performance and carcass characteristics of indigenous Mukota pigs of Zimbabwe, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2010, 42, 5, 1001  crossref(new windwow)
Potential of Using Maize Cobs in Pig Diets — A Review, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2015, 28, 12, 1669  crossref(new windwow)
Nutritionally related blood metabolites and performance of finishing pigs fed on graded levels of dietary fibre, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2016, 48, 5, 1065  crossref(new windwow)
Relationship between time spent eating and nutritionally related blood metabolites of growing pigs fed on diets containing graded levels of fibre, Animal Production Science, 2017, 57, 6, 1106  crossref(new windwow)
Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1994. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edition. Association of Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia. pp. 1230.

Central Statistical Office. 2000. Livestock populations in smallscale, commercial and communal farms in Zimbabwe, Ministry of Lands and Agriculture, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Chigaru, P. R. N., L. Maundura and D. H. Holness. 1981. Comparative growth, FCE and carcass composition of indigenous and Large White pigs. Zim. J. Agric. Res. 119:31-36.

Chimonyo, M., A. T. Kanengoni and K. Dzama. 2001. Influence of corn cob inclusion level in pig diets on growth performance and carcass traits of Mukota${\times}$Large White $F_1$ crossbred male pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(12):1724-1727.

Chulu, J. L. C., M. E. Dlamini, M. T. Tivapasi, M. Chimonyo, K. Erlwanger and K. Dzama. 2002. Haematological and clinical chemistry parameters in indigenous Mukota, Large White and Large White${\times}$Mukota crossbred pigs in Zimbabwe. Zim. Vet. J. 33(2):85-95.

Coffey, M. T., R. W. Seerley, D. W. Funderburke and H. C. Campbell. 1982. Effects of heat increment and level of dietary energy and environmental temperature on the performance of growing-finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 54:95-102.

Dyck, G. W. 1988. Factors influencing sexual maturation, puberty and reproductive efficiency in the gilt. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1-13. crossref(new window)

Eggum, B. O. 1970. Blood urea measurement as a technique for assessing protein quality. Br. J. Nutr. 24:983-988. crossref(new window)

Fanimo, O. A. 1991. Substitution of soyabean meal and animal by products for fish meal in pigs rations. PhD Thesis. Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

FAO. 2002. Contributions to the sustainable livelihoods and development: Realising sustainable breeding programmes in livestock production. Recommendations developed for, and finalised for wide distribution by a symposium conducted jointly by the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations held on 22 August, 2002, Montpellier, France.

Holness, D. H. 1991. The Tropical Agriculturalist: Pigs (1st Edition). MacMillan Publishers, CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Jain, N. C. 1993. Essentials of Veterinary Haematology. First Edition. Lea and Febiger, Pennsylvania, USA. pp. 256.

Kanengoni, A. T., K. Dzama, M. Chimonyo, J. Kusina and S. M. Maswaure. 2002. Influence of level of maize cob inclusion on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in the Large White, Mukota and their F1 crossbred pigs. Anim. Sci. 74:127-134.

Kanengoni, A. T., K. Dzama, M. Chimonyo, J. Kusina and S. M. Maswaure. 2004. Growth performance and carcass traits of Large White, Mukota and Large White${\times}$Mukota $F_1$ crosses given graded levels of maize cob meal. Anim. Sci. 78(1):61-66.

Kirkwood, R. N. and F. X. Aherne. 1985. Energy intake, body composition and reproductive performance of the gilt. J. Anim. Sci. 60:1518-1523.

Littel, R. C., P. R. Henry and C. B. Ammerman. 1998. Statistical Analysis of repeated measures using SAS procedures. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1216-1231.

Ly, J. 2000. A short review on digestive processes in the Cuban Creole pig. Cuban J. Agric. Res. 34:181-188.

Ly, J., F. J. Dieguez, R. M. Martinez and A. Garcia. 1998. Digestion of a diet very high in fibre in Cuban Creole pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 72:397-402.

Mashatise, E. 2002. A survey of pig production in a smallholder farming area of Zimbabwe and the influence of corn cob-based diets on blood metabolites and puberty in Mukota and Mukota${\times}$Landrace gilts. MSc Thesis, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Mistrukan, B. M. and H. M. Rawnsley. 1977. Clinical Biochemistry and Haematological Reference values in normal experimental animals, New York, USA.

Ndindana, W., K. Dzama, P. N. B. Ndiweni, S. M. Maswaure and M. Chimonyo. 2002. Digestibility of high fibre diets and performance of growing Zimbabwean indigenous Mukota pigs and exotic Large White pigs fed corn based diets with graded levels of corn cobs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 97(3-4):199-208.

SAS. 1996. Statistical Analysis System User’s Guide (5th Edition), Version 6. SAS Institute Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Scherf, B. D. 1990. Annual Research Report, Department of Research and Specialist Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Zimbabwe.

Soren, N. M., R. Bhar, A. K. Chhabra and A. B. Mandal. 2003. Performance of crossbred gilts fed on diets with higher levels of fat and fibre through addition of rice bran. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(1):1650-1655.

Soren, N. M., R. Bhar, A. K. Chhabra and A. B. Mandal. 2004. Utilization of energy and protein in local Indian crossbred gilts fed diets containing different levels of rice bran. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(5):688-692.

Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

Van Wieren, S. E. 2000. Digestibility and voluntary intake of roughages by wild boar and Meishan pigs. Anim. Sci. 71:149-156.