JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Restricted Feeding and Feed Form on Growth, Carcass Characteristics and Days to First Egg of Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Restricted Feeding and Feed Form on Growth, Carcass Characteristics and Days to First Egg of Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
Ocak, N.; Erener, G.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A study was conducted to determine the effects of restricted feeding and feed form on the growth performance, characteristics of carcass and digestive tract, and days to first egg of Japanese quail (JQ, Coturnix coturnix japonica). A total of 240 oneweek-old JQ chicks were allocated randomly into 4 experimental groups that consisted of 3 replicates according to a 22 factorial arrangement for two feeding methods (ad libitum, AF and restricted feeding, RF) and two diet forms (mash, MD and crumble, CD). The JQ chicks were placed in a room with floor battery brooders and fed a commercial starter diet from 7 to 14 d of age. According to the experimental design, four treatments (1: ad libitum MD, 2: restricted MD, 3: ad libitum CD, and 4: restricted CD) were applied. Feed restriction was applied by 30% reduction of ad libitum feed intake for both MD and CD from 15 to 28 d of age. All birds were fed ad libitum with treatment diets from 29 d of age until the first laid egg seen (45 d of age). The commercial starter diet, MD and CD were in the same nutrient content (240 g crude protein with 13.4 MJ ME per kg diet). The body weight and overall feed conversion ratio (g feed/g gain) were higher (p<0.05) for the AF quails than the RF at 42 d of age. Carcass weights, dressing percentage and percentage yields of breast and back were similar for AF and RF groups at 42 d of age. The RF delayed (p<0.05) onset of egg production 2 days compared to the AF. Quail fed with the CD showed higher value (p<0.05) for carcass weight and dressing percentage at 42 d of age compared to birds fed with the MD. The interaction effect of feeding methodfeed form on any of the studied parameters was not significant. The results suggest that feed restriction as in the present study can achieve a better feed conversion without reduction in carcass weight, and a significant benefit of feeding the crumble diet over the mash diet was obtained in terms of carcass weight in the JQ.
 Keywords
Quail;Growth Performance;Feed Restriction;Diet Form;Sexual Maturity;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Canonical Correlation Analysis for Estimation of Relationships between Sexual Maturity and Egg Production Traits upon Availability of Nutrients in Pullets,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 11, pp.1576-1584 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.

2.
Brody, T., P. B. Siegel and J. A. Cherry. 1984. Age, body weight and body composition requirements for the onset of sexual maturity of dwarf and normal chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 25:245-252.

3.
Choi, J. H., B. S. So, K. S. Ryu and S. L. Kang. 1986. Effects of pelleted or crumbled diets on the performance and the development of the digestive organs of broilers. Poult. Sci. 65:594-597.

4.
Deaton, J. W. 1995. The effect of early feed restriction on broiler performance. Poult. Sci. 74:1280-1286.

5.
Dibner, J. J. and F. J. Ivey. 1990. Hepatic protein and amino acid metabolism in poultry. Poult. Sci. 69:1188-1194.

6.
Donaldson, W. E. 1990. Lipid metabolism in liver of chicks: Response to feeding. Poult. Sci. 69:1183-1187.

7.
Douglas, J. H., T. W. Sullivan, P. L. Bond, F. J. Stuwe, J. G. Baier and L. G. Robeson. 1990. Influence of grinding, rolling and pelleting on the nutritional value of grain sorghums and yellow corn for broilers. Poult. Sci. 69:2150-2156.

8.
Dunnington, E. A. and P. B. Siegel. 1984. Age and body weight at sexual maturity in female White Leghorn chickens. Poult. Sci. 63:828-830.

9.
Hamilton, R. M. G. and F. G. Proudfoot. 1995a. Effects of ingredient particle-size and feed form on the performance of leghorn hens. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 75:109-114.

10.
Hamilton, R. M. G. and F. G. Proudfoot. 1995b. Ingredient particle-size and feed texture - effects on the performance of broiler-chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 51:203-210.

11.
Hassan, S. M., M. E. Mady, A. L. Cartwright, H. M. Sabri and M. S. Mobarak. 2003. Effect of early feed restriction on reproductive performance in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Poult. Sci. 82:1163-1169.

12.
Jensen, L. S. 2000. Influence of pelleting on the nutritional needs of poultry. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:35-46.

13.
Kilburn, J. and H. M. Edwards. 2001. The response of broilers to the feeding of mash or pelleted diets containing maize of varying particle sizes. Br. Poult. Sci. 42:484-492.

14.
Kirikci, K., O. Cetin, A. Gunlu and M. Garip. 2004. Effect of hen weight on egg production and some egg quality characteristics in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:684-687.

15.
Kwakkel, R. P., J. A. W. Vanesch, B. J. Ducro and W. J. Koops. 1995. Onset of lay related to multiphasic growth and bodycomposition in white leghorn pullets provided ad-libitum and restricted diets. Poult. Sci. 74:821-832.

16.
Lee, K. H. and S. Leeson. 2001. Performance of broilers fed limited quantities of feed or nutrients during seven to fourteen days of age. Poult. Sci. 80:446-454.

17.
Lippens, M., G. Room, G. De Groote and E. Decuypere. 2000. Early and temporary quantitative food restriction of broiler chickens. 1. Effects on performance characteristics, mortality and meat quality. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:343-354.

18.
Mazzuco, H., A. L. Guidoni and F. R. Jaenisch. 2000. Effects of qualitative feed restriction on compensatory growth in the broiler chicken. Pes. Agr. Bras. 35:543-549.

19.
Mazzuco, H., F. R. Jaenisch and A. L. Guidoni. 1999. Qualitative feed restriction effects on growth performance, metabolic disorders and carcass traits of broiler chickens. Rev. Bras. Zootecn-Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 28:1333-1339.

20.
Nir, I., Z. Nitsan, E. A. Dunnington and P. B. Siegel. 1996. Aspects of food intake restriction in young domestic fowl: Metabolic and genetic considerations. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 52:251-266.

21.
Nir, I., R. Hillel, I. Ptichi and G. Shefet. 1995. Effect of particlesize on performance 3. Grinding pelleting interactions. Poult. Sci. 74:771-783.

22.
Nir, I., Y. Twina, E. Grossman and Z. Nitsan. 1994. Quantitative effects of pelleting on performance, gastrointestinal tract and behaviour of meat-type chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:589-602.

23.
Palo, P. E., J. L. Sell, F. J. Piquer, M. F. Sotosalanova and L. Vilaseca. 1995. Effect of early nutrient restriction on broilerchickens. 1. Performance and development of the gastrointestinal-tract. Poult. Sci. 74:88-101.

24.
Picard, M., P. B. Siegel, C. Leterrier and P. A. Geraert. 1999. Diluted starter diet, growth performance, and digestive tract development in fast- and slow-growing broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 8:122-131.

25.
Plavnik, I., E. Wax, D. Sklan and S. Hurwitz. 1997. The response of broiler chickens and turkey poults to steam-pelleted diets supplemented with fat or carbohydrates. Poult. Sci. 76:1006-1013.

26.
Preston, C. M., K. J. McCracken and A. McAllister. 2000. Effect of diet form and enzyme supplementation on growth, efficiency and energy utilisation of wheat-based diets for broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:324-331.

27.
Sabine, G., G. Henrich and H. L. Marks. 1995. Effects of feed restriction on growth and reproduction in random bred and selected lines of Japanese quail. Poult. Sci. 74:402-406.

28.
SPSS Inc. 1999. SPSS for Windows. (Release 10.0) Standard Version. SPSS Inc. Headquarters, 233 S. Wacker Drive, 11th floor Chicago, Illinois 60606

29.
Susbilla, J. P., T. L. Frankel, G. Parkinson and C. B. Gow. 1994. Weight of internal organs and carcass yield of early food restricted broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:677-685.

30.
Van der Ziel, C. E. and G. H. Visser. 2001. The effect of food restriction on morphological and metabolic development in two lines of growing Japanese quail chicks. Physiol. Biochemical Zool. 74:52-65.

31.
Wahlstrom, A., K. Elwinger and S. Thomke. 1999. Total tract and ileal nutrient digestibility of a diet fed as mash or crumbled pellets to two laying hybrids. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 77:229-239.

32.
Wang, H. Y., H. Chang, W. Xu, G. B. Chang, S. X. Lu, L. Du, W. Sun, M. Xu and Q. H. Wang. 2003. Preliminary study on the level of evolutionary differentiation between domestic quails and wild Japanese quails. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:266-268.

33.
Yu, M. W. and F. E. Robinson. 1992. The application of short-term feed restriction to broiler chicken production: a review. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 1:147-153.

34.
Zubair, A. K. and S. Leeson. 1994. Effect of varying period of early nutrient restriction on growth compensation and carcass characteristics of male broilers. Poult. Sci. 73:129-136.

35.
Zubair, A. K. and S. Leeson. 1996. Compensatory growth in the broiler chicken: A review. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 52:189-201.

36.
Zulkifli, I. 2003. Effects of early age feed restriction and dietary ascorbic acid on heterophil/lymphocyte and tonic immobility reactions of transported broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1545-1549.