JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Influence of Feeding β-Cyclodextrin to Laying Hens on the Egg Production and Cholesterol Content of Egg Yolk
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Influence of Feeding β-Cyclodextrin to Laying Hens on the Egg Production and Cholesterol Content of Egg Yolk
Park, B.S.; Kang, H.K.; Jang, A.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The main objective of the present study was to determine the effect of dietary -cyclodextrin (-CD) on egg laying performance and cholesterol content of egg yolk. Feed intake, egg production and egg weight varied slightly, but not significantly, between hens fed either a control diet or a diet containing one of an increasing series of -CD concentrations (2%, 4% or 6%). However, feed intake, egg production and egg weight were all lower in the hens fed on 8% -CD (p<0.05). No difference in haugh unit values, egg yolk color and egg shell thickness were found between the different treatments. The cholesterol content of egg yolks (mg/g yolk) was significantly decreased by 0.71, 2.98, 4.00 and 4.24 mg in eggs from hens maintained on 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% -CD, respectively (p<0.05). These observations indicate that appropriate supplementation of diets with -CD can reduce the cholesterol content of eggyolks, thus raising the prospect of the production of a healthier functional food.
 Keywords
-Cyclodextrin;Egg Production;Egg Quality;Egg Yolk;Cholesterol;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effects of Dietary ${\beta}$-Cyclodextrin on Plasma Lipid and Tissue Cholesterol Content in Swine,;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 1, pp.100-105 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Balasubramaniam, S., J. L. Goldstein, J. R. Faust, G. Y. Brunsched and M. S. Brown. 1997. Lipoprotein-mediated regulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity and cholesterol ester metabolism in the adrenal gland of the rat. J. Biol. Chem. 252:1771-1782.

2.
Birrenkott, G., G. E. Brockenfelt, M. Owens and E. Haplin. 2000. Yolk and blood cholesterol levels fed a garlic-supplemented diet. Poult. Sci. 79(Suppl.1):75.

3.
Catala, I., C. Juste, N. Boehler, J. Ferezou, M. Andre, M. Riottot, C. Cutton, H. Lafront, F. Bornet and T. Corring. 2000. Cholesterol crystallization in gall-bladder bile of pigs given cholesterol-$\beta$-cyclodextrin-enriched diets with either casein or soybean concentrate as protein sources. Br. J. Nutr. 83:411-420.

4.
Chowdhury, S. R., S. D. Chowdhury and T. K. Smith. 2002. Effect of dietary garlic on cholesterol metabolism in laying hens. Poult. Sci. 81:1856-1862.

5.
Einarsson, K., S. Ericsson, S. Ewerth, E. Reihner, M. Rudling, D. Stahlberg and B. Angelin. 1991. Bile acid sequestrants: mechanisms of action on bile acid and cholesterol metabolism. Eur. J. Clin. Pharm. 40(suppl 1):553-558.

6.
Elkin, R. G., E. J. Furumoto and C. R. Thomas. 2003. Assessment of egg nutrient compositional changes and residue in eggs, tissues, and excreta follow in oral administration of atorvastatin to laying hens. J. Agric. Food Chem. 51:3473-3481.

7.
Favier, M. L., C. Remesy, C. Moundras and C. Demigne. 1995. Effect of cyclodextrin on plasma lipids and cholesterol metabolism in the rat. Metabolism. 44:200-206.

8.
Ferezou, J., M. Riottot, C. Serougne, C. Cohen-solal, I. Catala, C. Alguier, M. Parguet, C. Juste, H. Lafont, D. Mathe, T. Corring and C. Lutton. 1997. Hypocholesterolemic action of $\beta$-cyclodextrin and its effects on cholesterol metabolism in pigs fed a cholesterol-enrich diet. J. Lipid Res. 38:86-100.

9.
Flourie, B., C. Molis, L. Achour, H. Dupas, C. Hatat and J. C. Rambaud. 1993. Fate of $\beta$-cyclodextrin in the human intestine. J. Nutr. 123:676-680.

10.
Folch, L., M. Lees and G. H. A. Sloane-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-507.

11.
Fukushima, M., S. Akiba and M. Nakano. 1996. Comparative hypocholesterolemic effect of six vegetable oils in cholesterolfed rat. Lipids. 31:415-419.

12.
Hargis, P. S. 1988. Modifying egg yolk cholesterol in the domestic fowl: A review. World's Poult. Sci. J. 44:17-29.

13.
Horikoshi, K. 1979. Production and industrial applications of betacyclodextrin. Process Biochem. Int. 14:26-30.

14.
Kehui, O., W. Wenjun, X. Mingshen, J. Yan and S. Xinchen. 2004. Effects of different oils on the production performances and polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol level of yolk in hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(6):843-847.

15.
Lien, T., C. Wu and J. Lu. 2003. Effects of cod liver oil and chromium picolinate supplements on the serum traits, egg yolk fatty acids and cholesterol content in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(8):1177-1181.

16.
Lesson, S. and J. D. Summers. 1991. Commercial poultry nutrition. Canada NIH 6N8. pp. 77-148.

17.
Naber, E. C. 1983. Nutrient and drug effects on cholesterol metabolism in the laying hen. Federation Proc. 42:2486-2493.

18.
National Research Council. 1994. Nutrients requirements of poultry. 9th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington DC, USA.

19.
News week. 1992. Betting on a guilt-free egg. Newsweek. April 6:46.

20.
Nordskog, A. W. and O. Cotterill. 1953. Breeding for egg quality. Poult. Sci. 32:1051-1054.

21.
Olivier, P., F. Verwaerde and A. R. Hedges. 1991. Subchronic toxicity of orally administered beta-cyclodextrin in rats. J. Am. Coll. Toxicol. 10:407-419.

22.
Palca, J. 1990. Getting to the heart of the cholesterol debate. Sci. 247:1170-1171.

23.
Park, B. S. 2003. The biological effect of $\beta$-cyclodextrin on antithrombotic activity and plasma lipid metabolism in rats. Kor. J. Anim. Sci. Tech. 45:199-210.

24.
Punita, A. and C. Anurag. 2000. Effect of feeding crude red palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and grain amaranth (Ameranthus paniculatus) to hens on total lipid, cholesterol, PUFA levels and acceptability of eggs. Plant Food for Human Nutr. 55:147-157.

25.
Rao, P., S. U. Kumar, D. N. Rao and S. Divakar. 2000. Optimization of digestion parameters for the elimination of residual $\beta$-cyclodextrin used for cholesterol reduction in egg using glucoamylase. Eur. Food Res. Tech. 210:231-236.

26.
Riottot, M., P. Olivier, A. Huet, J. J. Caboche, M. Parguet, J. Khallou and C. Lutton. 1993. Hypolipidemic effect of $\beta$-cyclodextrin in the hamster and in the genetically hypercholesterolemic rico rat. Lipids. 28:181-188.

27.
SAS. 2000. SAS(R) User's Guide: Statistics. Version 8th Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

28.
Shekelle, R. B. and J. Stamler. 1989. Dietary cholesterol and ischaemic heart disease. Lanset. 1:1177-1178.

29.
Sheridan, A. K. and M. C. Randall. 1977. Heterosis for egg production in white Leghorn-Australop cross. Br. Poult. Sci. 18:69-77.

30.
Smith, D. M., A. C. Awad, M. R. Bennick and J. L. Gill. 1995. Cholesterol reduction in liquid egg using $\beta$-cyclodextrin. J. Food Sci. 60:691-694.

31.
Szejtli, J. 1982. Types, formation and structures of inclusion complexes. In: $\beta$-cyclodextrins and their inclusion complex. Budapest Akademial Kiado 11:93-108.

32.
Ulbrecht, F. and H. Reich. 1992. Gas chromatographic determination of cholesterol in processed foods. Food Chem. 43:387-391.

33.
USDA. 1989. Composition of food, dairy and egg products, rawprocessed- prepared. USDA Agric. Handbook 8-1(Suppl.); USDA Washington, DC.

34.
Weggemans, R. M., P. L. Zock and M. B. Katan. 2001. Dietary cholesterol from eggs increases the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in humans: a metaanalysis. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 73:885-891.

35.
Yen, G. C. and C. J. Chen. 2000. Effects of fractionation and the refining process of lard on cholesterol removal by $\beta$-cyclodextrin. J. Food Sci. 65:622-624.