JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Milk Yield and Immune Response of Periparturient and Early Lactation Friesian Cows Fed Diets Supplemented with a High Level of Amino-acid Chelated Chromium
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Milk Yield and Immune Response of Periparturient and Early Lactation Friesian Cows Fed Diets Supplemented with a High Level of Amino-acid Chelated Chromium
Terramoccia, S.; Bartocci, S.; Lillini, E.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The trial was carried out on twenty-one Friesian cows at the end of eight months gestation, nine multiparous and twelve primiparous; allocated into three groups (1 control, 2 and 3 experimental). The same diet was administred to all three groups before partum (12.8 kg DM/head/day) and after partum (18.8 kg DM/head/day). The cows in groups 2 and 3 received two different daily quantities of amino-acid chelated chromium (0.6 and 1.2 mg Cr/kg DM) from 4 weeks prior to presumed parturition to 6 weeks after. The milk yield control was carried out at 15, 30, 42 and 60 days. All animals were immunised two weeks prior to the presumed parturition and two weeks after with the following antigens: ovalbumin and brucellergene. Blood samples were collected weekly to monitor humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. When analysing the results of antibody immunity (ovalbumin) in the sixth blood collection both treated groups significantly increased compared to group 1 (0.5230 and 0.4536 vs. 0.1812 OD; p<0.05). The results of the cell-mediated immune response (brucellergene) had significant differences (p<0.10) in correspondence to the third (between group 2 and control) and the fifth (between groups 3 and 2) blood collection. Significant differences in fat corrected milk were observed at 42 days between group 3 and the other two groups (31.01 vs. 26.99 and 28.66 kg/d, p<0.05) and at 60 days between group 3 and control (30.88 vs. 26.69 kg/d, p<0.05). Before partum and at partum a positive immune response was obtained with a lower dose of chromium. After partum a positive immune response, anti-OVA indicator, was obtained with the higher dose of chromium while, -IFN indicator, with the lower dose. A significant increase of the milk yield resulted at both 42 and 60 days with the highest level of chromium.
 Keywords
Chromium;Dairy Cows;Immune Response;Milk Yield;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Supplemental Chromium Levels on Performance, Digestibility and Carcass Characteristics of Transport-stressed Lambs,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 8, pp.1124-1132 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Abraham, A. B., B. A. Brooks and U. Eylath. 1991. Chromium and cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 35:203-207.

2.
Anderson, R. A., N. A. Bryden, M. M. Polansky and S. Reiser. 1990. Urinary chromium excretion and insulinogenic properties of carbohydrates. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 55:864-868.

3.
AOAC. 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 14th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

4.
Besong, S. A. 1996. Influence of supplemental chromium picolinate on the concentrations of hepatic tryglyceride and blood metabolites in dairy cattle. Ph. D. Thesis, Kentucky Univ., Lexington.

5.
Bunting, L. D., J. M. Fernandez, D. L. Thompson and L. L. Southern. 1994. Influence of chromium picolinate on glucose usage and metabolic criteria in growing Holstein calves. J. Anim. Sci. 72:1591-1599.

6.
Burton, J. L. 1995. Supplemental chromium: its benefits to the bovine immune system. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 53:117-133.

7.
Burton, J. L., E. B. Burnside, B. W. Kennedy, B. N. Wilkie and J. H. Burton. 1989. Antybody responce to human erythrocytes and ovoalbumin as marker traits od disease resistance in dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 72:1252-1265.

8.
Burton, J. L., B. A. Mallard and D. N. Mowat. 1993. Effects of supplemental chromium on immune responses of periparturient and early lactation dairy cows. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1532-1539.

9.
Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fiber analysis. Agriculture Handbook. 379, UPSDA.

10.
Hayirli, A., D. R. Bremmer, S. J. Bertics, M. T. Socha and R. R. Grummer. 2001. Effect of chromium supplementation on production and metabolic parameters in periparturient dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 84:1218-1230.

11.
Kegley, E. B., J. W. Spears and T. T. Brown. 1997. Effect of shipping and chromium supplementation on performance, immune responce, and disease resistance of steers. J. Anim. Sci. 75:1956-1964.

12.
Kornegay, E. T., Z. Wang, C. M. Wood and M. D. Lindemann. 1997. Supplemental chromium picolinate influences nitrogen balance, dry matter digestibility, and carcass traits in growingfinishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 75:1319-1323.

13.
Moonsie-Shageer, S. and D. N. Mowat. 1993. Effect of level of supplemental chromium on performance, serum characteristics, and immune status of stressed feeder calves. J. Anim. Sci. 71:232-238.

14.
NRC. 1980. Mineral Tolerance of Domestic Animals. National Academic Press, Washington, DC.

15.
NRC. 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th rev., National Academic Press, Washington, DC.

16.
Peterson, S. W. 2000. Effects of chromium picolinate on milk production and plasma insulin concentration in dairy cows. 60th Jubilee Conference, Hamilton, New Zealand. Proc. New Zealand Soc. Anim. Prod. 60:307-310.

17.
Popovic, Z., Z. Sinovec, S. Veselinovic, A. Ivancev, N. Ivancev, Z. Cupic and M. Vukic-Vranijes. 2000. Milk yield in heifers fed rations with chromium supplements during pregnancy. Veterinarski Glasnik 54:39-46.

18.
Sartin, J. L., R. J. Kemppainen, K. A. Cummins and J. C. Williams. 1988. Plasma concentrations of metabolic hormones in high and low producing dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 71:650-657.

19.
SAS. 1993. $SAS/STAT^{\circledR}$ User's guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

20.
Schwartz, K. and W. Mertz. 1957. A glucose tolerance factor and its differentiation from factor 3. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 72:515-518.

21.
Schwartz, K. and W. Mertz. 1959. Chromium (III) and the glucose tolerance factor. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 85:292-295.

22.
Simek, M., V. Prokop, D. Vrzalova, M. Sustala and D. Zemanova. 1999. Trace elements (Cr, Se) and vitamin E in dairy nutrition. Vitamine und Zusatzstoffe in der Ernahrung von Mensch and Tier: 7th Symposium Jena: 372-375.

23.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

24.
Vighio, G. H. and R. M. Liptrap. 1990. Plasma hormone concentrations after administration of dexamethasone during the middle of the luteal phase in cows. Am. J. Vet. Res. 51:1711-1714.

25.
Yang, W. Z., D. N. Mowat, A. Subiyatno and R. M. Liptrap. 1996. Effects of chromium supplementation on early lactation performance of Holstein cows. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 76:221-230.