Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Xylanase Supplementation to Wheat-based Diet on the Performance and Nutrient Availability of Broiler Chickens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Xylanase Supplementation to Wheat-based Diet on the Performance and Nutrient Availability of Broiler Chickens
Chiang, Chia-Chun; Yu, Bi; Chiou, Peter Wen-Shyg;
  PDF(new window)
A trial was conducted to evaluate the level of wheat substituted for corn in a traditional corn-soy diet and the xylanase supplementation effect on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. This experiment was a randomized design with a 42 factorial arrangement with four levels of wheat substitution and two levels of enzyme inclusion in the diet. Wheat replaced 0, 25, 50 or 100% corn with or without 1 g/kg xylanase supplementation in iso-nitrogenous and iso-calorific experimental diets. The results showed that in the growing period, broilers attained the highest (p<0.05) body weight gain, feed intake, and relative small intestine weight when wheat was substituted at 25% for corn. The relative caecum weight increased (p<0.05) linearly with increasing levels of wheat substitution for corn. However, during the finishing period and entire experimental period from 0 to 6 weeks, no significant difference was shown in the growth performance among all treatments. Xylanase inclusion significantly improved the body weight gain, fat availability (p<0.01) and diet metabolisable energy (p<0.1) but decreased (p<0.05) the relative GI tract weight during the growing period. The digesta viscosity of 6-week old broilers was also decreased (p<0.05). It appears that wheat substituted for corn did not affect the growth performance, nutrient digestion, and the digesta viscosity of chickens. It is acceptable to completely substitute wheat for corn. Xylanase supplementation improved performance.
 Cited by
Effects of Xylanase on Growth and Gut Development of Broiler Chickens Given a Wheat-based Diet,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 11, pp.1659-1664 crossref(new window)
Development of a Dynamic System Simulating Pig Gastric Digestion,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 10, pp.1522-1528 crossref(new window)
Effects of Enzyme Supplementation on Growth, Intestinal Content Viscosity, and Digestive Enzyme Activities in Growing Pigs Fed Rough Rice-based Diet,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 2, pp.270-276 crossref(new window)
산성 Cellulase를 분비하는 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ATC6의 분리,이세형;채종표;김민정;강대경;

Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2010. vol.52. 1, pp.65-70 crossref(new window)
Productive performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens fed corn or wheat-based diets supplemented with bacterial- or fungal-originated xylanase, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2017, 1828-051X, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Allen, C. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 1997. Effect of fat type, rate of wheat inclusion and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 38:S25-S45.

Annison, G. 1992. Commercial enzyme supplementation of wheat based diets raises ileal glycanase activities and improved apparent metabolizable energy, starch and pentosan digestibilities in broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 38:105-121.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.

Bedford, M. R. 1995. Mechanism of action and potential environmental benefits from the use of feed enzymes. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 53:145-155.

Brown, R. C., J. Kelleher and M. S. Losowsky. 1979. The effects of pectin on the structure and function of the rat small intestine. Br. J. Nutr. 42:357-365.

Buchsbaum, R., J. Wilson and I. Valiela. 1986. Digestibility of plant constituents by Canada geese and Atlantic brant. Ecology. 67:386-393.

Burrin, D. G., C. F. Ferrell and R. A. Britton. 1990. Level of nutrition and visceral organ size and metabolic activity in sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 64:439-448.

Cameron-Smith, D., G. R. Collier and K. O’Dea. 1994. Effects of soluble dietary fibre on the viscosity of gastrointestinal contents and the acute glycaemic response in the rat. Br. J. Nutr. 71:563-571.

Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132.

Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990b. Antinutritive activity of wheat pentosans in broiler diets. Br. Poult. Sci. 31:811-821.

Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132.

Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992b. Anti-nutritive effects of wheat pentosans in broiler-chickens: Role of viscosity and gut microflora. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:821-834.

Choct, M., R. J. Hughes, J. Wang, M. R. Bedford, A. J. Morgan and G. Annison. 1996. Increased small intestinal fermentation is partly responsible for the anti-nutritive activity of non-starch polysaccharides in chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:609-621.

Erlinger, S. 1987. Physiology of bile secretion and entrohepatic circulation, p. 1557-1580. In (Ed. L. R. Johnson), Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Raven Press, New York.

Fengler, A. I., J. R. Pawlik and R. R. Marquardt. 1988. Improvement in nutrient retention and changes in excreta viscosities in chicken fed rye containing diets supplemented with fungal enzymes, sodium taurochalate and penicillin. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 68:483-491.

Hew, L. I., V. Ravindran, Y. Mollah and W. L. Bryden. 1998. Influence of exogenous xylanase supplementation on apparent metabolizable energy and amino acid digestibility in wheat for broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 75:83-92.

Jacobs, L. R. and F. A. White. 1983. Modulation of mucosal cell proliferation in the intestine of rats fed a wheat bran diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37:946-953.

Lee, S. C., L. Porsky and J. W. de Vries. 1992. Determination of total, soluble, and insoluble dietary fiber in food-enzymaticgravimetric method, MES-TRIS buffer: collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 75(3):395-416.

Leegwater, D. C., A. P. de Groot and M. van Kalmthout-Kuyper. 1974. The aetiology of caecal enlargement in the rat. Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 12(5/6):687-697.

Marquardt, R. R., D. Boros, W. Guenter and G. Crow. 1994. The nutritive value of barley, rye, wheat and corn for young chicken as affected by use of a Trichoderma reesei enzyme preparation. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 45:363-378.

Pasquier, B., M. Armand, F. Guillon, C. Castelain, P. Borel, J. L. Barry, G. Pieroni and D. Lairon. 1996. Viscous soluble dietary fibers alter emulsification and lipolysis of triacylglycerols in duodenal medium in vitro. J. Nutr. Biochem. 7:293-302.

Preston, G. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 2001. Effect of wheat content, fat source and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 42:625-632. crossref(new window)

Salih, M. E., H. L. Classen and G. L. Cambell. 1991. Response of chickens fed on hull-less barley to dietary$\beta$-glucanase at different ages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 33:139-149.

SAS institute Inc. 1989. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 6.4th Edn. SAS Institute Inc., Carry, North Carolina.

Schooneveld-Bergmans, M. E. F., Y. M. van Dijk, G. Beldman and A. G. J. Voragen. 1999. Physicochemical Characteristics of Wheat Bran Glucuronoarabinoxylans. J. Cereal Sci. 29:49-61.

Steenfeldt, S., A. Mullertz and F. J. Jensen. 1998. Enzyme supplementation to wheat-based diets for broilers. 1. Effectss on growth performance and intestinal viscosity Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 75:27-43.

Veldman, A. and H. A. Vahl. 1994. Xylanase in broiler diets with differences in characteristics and content of wheat. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:537-550.

Vranjes, M. V., H. P. Pfirter and C. Wenk. 1994. Influence of processing treatment and type of cereal on the effects dietary enzymes in broiler diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 46:261-270.

Yu, B., J. C. Hsu and P. W. S. Chiou. 1998. Effects of $\beta$-glucanase supplementation of barley diets on growth performance of broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 70:353-361.

Yu, B., Y. M. Sun and P. W. S. Chiou. 2002. Effects of glucanase inclusion in a de-hulled barley diet on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 102:35-52.