Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Bioconversion of Sugarcane Bagasse with Japanese Koji by Solid-state Fermentation and Its Effects on Nutritive Value and Preference in Goats
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Bioconversion of Sugarcane Bagasse with Japanese Koji by Solid-state Fermentation and Its Effects on Nutritive Value and Preference in Goats
Ramli, M.N.; Imura, Y.; Takayama, K.; Nakanishi, Y.;
  PDF(new window)
The effects of 3 different strains of Japanese koji (Aspergillus oryzae, A. sojae and A. awamori) in the solid-state fermentation (SSF) of sugarcane bagasse mixed with wheat bran on chemical composition, energy, in vivo digestibility and preference of the fermented bagasse feeds (FBF) in goats were investigated. Diets consisted of lucerne hay cube (basal diet) and unfermented bagasse feed (control), FBF with A. oryzae (O), FBF with A. sojae (S) or FBF with A. awamori (A), which were mixed in a total ration of 7:3 (w/w DM). Three Nubian does were fed each of the diets, i.e. control, O, S and A in the 4 consecutive periods for digestion trials (21-day each). The goats were also used for preference trials (30-min each) of O, S and A. The O was significantly higher in CP content than others (p<0.05). The crude fiber (CF), ADF and cellulose contents of control were significantly lower than those of other diets (p<0.05). The S had significantly higher CF digestibility than control (p<0.05), and it revealed the largest value of all. Digestibilities of NDF, ADF and cellulose in S were significantly higher than those of control (about 10, 18 and 18%, respectively, p<0.05). The DE of S was significantly higher than that of others (p<0.05), though there were no significant differences in DCP and TDN between control and S. The results of preference trials demonstrated that the average intake rate was not significantly different among diets, but O and S are likely to be preferable to A (p<0.1). It was concluded that the SSF of bagasse feeds by Japanese koji can improve the fiber digestion, especially NDF, ADF or cellulose in goats, and there is a marked effect in the feed containing A. sojae, which may lead to the improvement of DE.
Bagasse;Japanese Koji;Solid-state Fermentation;In vivo Digestibility;Goats;
 Cited by
Characteristics of Solid-state Fermented Feed and its Effects on Performance and Nutrient Digestibility in Growing-finishing Pigs,Hu, Jiankun;Lu, Wenqing;Wang, Chunlin;Zhu, Ronghua;Qiao, Jiayun;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 11, pp.1635-1641 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Azzam, A. M. 1992. Pretreatment of cane bagasse with alkaline hydrogen peroxide for enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and ethanol fermentation. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part B. 24:421-433.

Bell, F. R. 1959. Preference thresholds for taste discrimination in goats. J. Agric. Sci. 52:125-129.

Bradbury, D., M. M. MacMasters and I. M. Cull. 1956. Structure of the mature wheat kernel: II. Microscopic structure of pericarp, seed coat and other coverings of the endosperm and germ of hard red winter wheat. Cereal Chem. 33:342-361.

Chen, C. R., B. Yu and P. W. S. Chiou. 2004. Roughage energy and degradability estimation with Aspergillus oryzae inclusion using daisy$^{\circledR}$ in vitro fermentation. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:53-62.

Chiou, P. W. S., C. R. Chen and B. Yu. 2002. Effects of Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on performance of lactating cows in the summer and winter in Taiwan. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:382-389.

Cordova, J., M. Nemmaoui, Ismaïli-Alaoui, A. Morin, S. Roussos, M. Raimbault and B. Benjilali. 1998. Lipase production by solid state fermentation of olive cake and sugar cane bagasse. J. Molecular Catal. B: Enzymatic 5:75-78.

Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis. Apparatus, Reagents, Procedures and Some Applications. Agric. Handbook 379. ARS. USDA, Washington, DC. pp. 1-20.

Gomez-Alarcon, R. A., D. Dudas and J. T. Huber. 1990. Influence of Aspergillus oryzae on rumen and total tract digestion of dietary components. J. Dairy Sci. 73:703-710.

Kitamoto, K. 2002. Molecular biology of the koji molds. Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 51:129-153.

Kuhad, R. C., A. Singh, K. K. Tripathi, R. K. Saxena and K. E. L. Eriksson. 1997. Microorganisms as an alternative source of protein. Nutr. Rev. 55:65-75

Lallo, C. H. O. 1996. Feed intake and nitrogen utilization by growing goats fed by-product based diets of different protein and energy levels. Small Rumin. Res. 22:193-204.

NRC. 1981. Nutrient Requirement of Goats. National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Oyashiki, H., M. Uchida, A. Obayashi and S. Oka. 1989. Evaluation of koji prepared with various molds for mirinmaking. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 67:163-168.

Pandey, A., C. R. Soccol, P. Nigam and V. T. Soccol. 2000a. Biotechnological potential of agro-industrial residues: I. sugarcane bagasse. Biores. Technol. 74:69-80.

Pandey, A., C. R. Soccol, P. Nigam, V. T. Soccol, L. P. S. Vandenberghe and R. Mohan. 2000b. Biotechnological potential of agro-industrial residues: II. cassava bagasse. Biores. Technol. 74:81-87.

Pederson, C. S. 1999. Fermentation and other uses of microorganisms. In: Food Science, 5th Ed. (Ed. N. N. Potter and J. H. Hotchkiss). Aspen Publishers, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD. pp. 264-277.

Raimbault, M. 1998. General and microbiological aspects of solid substrate fermentation. Electro. J. Biotechnol. 1:1-21.

Reddy, M. R., M. Chandrasekharaiah, T. Govindaiah and G. V. N. Reddy. 1993. Effect of physical possessing on the nutritive value of sugarcane bagasse in goats and sheep. Small Rumin. Res. 10:25-31.

SAS. 1992. StartView for windows, Version 5.0. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina, USA.

Vandenberghe, L. P. S., C. R. Soccol, A. Pandey and J. M. Lebeault. 2000. Solid-state fermentation for the synthesis of citric acid by Aspergillus niger. Biores. Technol. 74:175-178.

Van Horn, H. H., B. Harris, M. J. Taylor, K. C. Bachman and C. J. Wilcox. 1984. By-product feeds for lactating dairy cows: effects of cottonseed hulls, corrugated paper, peanut hulls, sugarcane bagasse, and whole cottonseed with additives of fat, sodium bicarbonate, and Aspergillus oryzae product on milk production. J. Dairy Sci. 67:2922-2938.

Weidmeier, R. D., M. J. Arambel and J. L. Walters. 1987. Effect of yeast culture and Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on ruminal characteristic and nutrient digestibility. J. Dairy Sci. 70:2063-2068.

Yang, X., H. Chen, H. Gao and Z. Li. 2001. Bioconversion of corn straw by coupling ensiling and solid-state fermentation. Biores. Technol. 78:277-280.