Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Influence of Supplemental Vitamin D3 on Production Performance of Aged White Leghorn Layer Breeders and Their Progeny
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Influence of Supplemental Vitamin D3 on Production Performance of Aged White Leghorn Layer Breeders and Their Progeny
Panda, A.K.; Rao, S.V. Rama; Raju, M.V.L.N.; Niranjan, M.; Reddy, B.L.N.;
  PDF(new window)
An experiment was conducted to elucidate the effect of graded levels of vitamin in White Leghorn (WL) layer breeders on egg production, shell quality, hatchability of eggs and juvenile performance of offspring during their late laying period (72-88 wk). White Leghorn breeder females were randomly divided into 5 groups of 50 each and were housed in individual California cages in an open-side housing system. Considering birds in five cages as a replicate, 10 such replicates were randomly allotted to each treatment. A basal diet was formulated containing all the nutrients as recommended for WL layers except vitamin , which served as control. Another, four diets were formulated by supplementing graded levels of feed grade crystalline cholecalciferol to the basal diet that contained 300, 600, 1,200 and 2,400 ICU of vitamin per kg. Each diet was offered ad libitum to one of the above five treatment groups. The egg production, egg weight, daily feed consumption and the feed intake per dozen eggs or kg egg mass of the birds fed diet without any supplemental vitamin was comparable with those of supplemental groups. Similarly, the level of vitamin in the diet did not have any effect on any of the above parameters. However, the specific gravity of eggs laid by the birds fed the diet without supplemental vitamin was comparable with either 600 or 2,400 ICU supplemental groups but significantly higher when compared to the 300 and 1,200 ICU groups. The egg -shell breaking strength was significantly lowered in the 600 ICU supplemental groups as compared to the strength of other dietary groups. The Haugh unit, egg shell weight, shell thickness, tibia breaking strength, bone ash and calcium content were not influenced by vitamin concentration in the diet. Serum Ca concentration was influenced by vitamin level in the diet. The serum Ca concentration of birds fed either control or the vitamin supplemented diet up to 1200 ICU/kg diet was comparable. However, increasing the concentration of vitamin to 2,400 ICU/kg diet significantly enhanced the concentration of Ca in the serum, which was significantly higher compared to other dietary groups. The serum concentration of P and protein, however, was not influenced by level of vitamin in the diet. Neither fertility nor hatchability was influenced by vitamin concentration in the diet. Feeding a vitamin deficient diet or supplementation of vitamin to hens did not have any influence on their progeny chicks. It can be concluded that dietary supplementation of vitamin may not be essential for optimum production, shell quality, hatchability, and juvenile performance of WL breeders during 72 to 88 weeks of age.
Vitamin ;White Leghorn Layer Breeders;Production Performance;
 Cited by
Effects of Plant Herb Combination Supplementation on Rumen Fermentation and Nutrient Digestibility in Beef Cattle,Wanapat, M.;Kang, S.;Khejornsart, P.;Wanapat, S.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2013. vol.26. 8, pp.1127-1136 crossref(new window)
Abdulrahim, S. M., M. B. Patel and J. Mcginnis. 1979. Effects of vitamin $D_3$ and $D_3$ metabolites on production parameters and hatchability of eggs. Poult. Sci. 58:858-863

Abe, E., H. Horikawa, T. Musumura, M. Sugabara, M. Kubota and T. Suda. 1982. Disorders of cholecalciferol metabolism in old egg-laying hens. J. Nutr. 112:436-446

Ameenuddin, S., M. Sunde, H. F. DeLuca, N. Ikekawa and Y. Kobayashi. 1982. 24-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxyvitamin $D_3$: is it required for embryonic development in chicks. Sci. 217:451-452 crossref(new window)

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington,VA

Bar, A. and S. Hurwitz. 1973. Uterine calcium binding protein in the laying fowl. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 45A:579-586 crossref(new window)

Bar, A. and S. Hurwitz. 1987. Vitamin d metabolism and calbindin (calcium binding protein) in aged laying hens. J. Nutr. 117:1775-1779

Bar, A., S. Hurwitz and I. Cohen. 1973. Uterine calcium binding protein in the laying fowl. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 43A:519-526

Doumas, B. T., W. A. Watson and H. G. Biggs. 1971. Albumin standard and the measurement of serum albumin with bromocresol green. Clinical Chem. Acta 31:87 crossref(new window)

Duncan, D. B. 1995. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biomet. 11:1-42

Elaroussi, M. A., L. R. Forte, S. L. Eber and H. V. Biellier. 1994. Calcium homeostasis in the laying hen 1. Age and dietary calcium effects. Poult. Sci. 73:1581-1589

Fiske, C. H. and Y. Subba row. 1925 The colorimetric determination of phosphorus. J. Biol. Chem. 66:375-400

Frost, T. J., D. A. Roland and G. G. Untawale. 1990. Influence of vitamin $D_3$ 1 alpha-hydroxy vitamin $D_3$, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$ on eggshell quality, tibia strength and various production parameters in commercial laying hens. Poult. Sci. 69:2008-2016

Fuller, C. S., M. E. Brindak, A. Bar and R. H. Wasserman. 1976. The purification of calcium binding protein from the uterus of the laying hen. Proceedings Society Experimental Biology and Medicine, 152:237-241

Keshavarz, K. 1996. The effect of different levels of vitamin C and cholecalciferol with adequate or marginal levels of dietary calcium on performance and egg shell quality of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 75:1227-1235

Mattila, P., J. Valaja, L. Rossow, E. Venalainen and T. Tupasela. 2004. Effect of vitamin D2 and D3 enriched diets on egg vitamin D content, production and bird condition during an entire production period. Poult. Sci. 83:433-440

McDowell, L. R. 1989. Vitamins in Animal Nutrition. Academic Press, INC. San Diego, California

Miller, B. E. and A. W. Norman. 1984. In 'Hand book of vitamins (Ed. L. J. Machlin), pp. 45-97, Dekker, Newyork

National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry 9th rev. ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC

Newman, S. and S. Leeson. 1997. Skeletal integrity in layers at the completion of egg production. World's Poult. Sci. J. 53:265-277 crossref(new window)

Park, S. W., H. Namkung, H. J. Ahn and I. K. Paik. 2005. Enrichment of vitamins D3, K and iron in eggs of laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18(2):226-229

Scharla, S. H. 1998. Prevalence of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in different European countries. Osteopor. Int. Suppl. 8:S7-S12

Shen, H., J. D. Summers and S. Leeson. 1981. Egg production, and shell quality of layers fed various levels of vitamin $D_3$. Poult. Sci. 60:1485-1490

Snedecor, G. W. and W. G. Cochran. 1989. Statistical Methods. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi

Tsang, C. P. W., A .A. Grunder, Jr. J. H. Soares and Narbaitz. 1990. The effect of 1$\alpha$,25-dhydroxycholecalciferol on egg shell quality, egg production and related traits. Br. Poult. Sci. 31:241-247 crossref(new window)