Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) Waste Silage and Polyethylene Glycol on Ruminal Fermentation and Blood Components in Cattle
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) Waste Silage and Polyethylene Glycol on Ruminal Fermentation and Blood Components in Cattle
Nishida, T.; Eruden, B.; Hosoda, K.; Matsuyama, H.; Nakagawa, K.; Miyazawa, T.; Shioya, S.;
  PDF(new window)
The effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis) waste silage and supplemental polyethylene glycol (PEG) on rumen fermentation and blood components were studied in cattle. Six Holstein steers were fed three diets in a 33 Latin square design, replicated twice. One diet was a control with no added silage, and the other two diets were supplemented (20% of the dry matter) with green tea waste silage either with (PEG) or without PEG (tea). Most of the fermentation parameters including major volatile fatty acids (VFA) were not affected by the diet treatments. The concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol in the PEG group and urea nitrogen in the tea and PEG groups were greater than those in the control before morning feeding. The plasma 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid equivalent concentration was not different before morning feeding, but 3 h after morning feeding, its concentrations in both the tea and PEG groups were higher than in the control. Although the concentration of plasma vitamin A in the animals was not affected by feeding green tea waste silage, the concentrations of plasma vitamin E were significantly higher in the tea and PEG groups than in the control, both before and 3 h after morning feeding. The results from the present study suggest that feeding diets containing 20% of the dietary dry matter as green tea waste silage to Holstein steers has no negative impact on their ruminal fermentation, and increases their plasma antioxidative activity and concentration of vitamin E.
Green Tea Waste;Ruminal Fermentation;Blood Components;
 Cited by
Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Medicinal Herb Extract Mix in a Poultry Ration on the Physico-chemical Quality and Oxidative Stability of Eggs,Liu, X.D.;Jang, A.;Lee, B.D.;Lee, S.K.;Lee, M.;Jo, C.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 3, pp.421-427 crossref(new window)
Ensiled or Oven-dried Green Tea By-product as Protein Feedstuffs: Effects of Tannin on Nutritive Value in Goats,Kondo, Makoto;Kita, Kazumi;Yokota, Hiro-omi;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 6, pp.880-886 crossref(new window)
Comparison of the Effect of Green Tea By-product and Green Tea Probiotics on the Growth Performance, Meat Quality, and Immune Response of Finishing Pigs,Ko, S.Y.;Bae, I.H.;Yee, S.T.;Lee, S.S.;Uuganbayar, D.;Oh, J.I.;Yang, C.J.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 10, pp.1486-1494 crossref(new window)
Comparison of Gayal (Bos frontalis) and Yunnan Yellow Cattle (Bos taurus): Rumen Function, Digestibilities and Nitrogen Balance during Feeding of Pelleted Lucerne (Medicago sativum),Deng, Weidong;Wang, Liping;Ma, Songcheng;Jin, Bo;He, Tianbao;Yang, Zhifang;Mao, Huaming;Wanapat, Metha;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 6, pp.900-907 crossref(new window)
Effect of Green Tea Probiotics on the Growth Performance, Meat Quality and Immune Response in Finishing Pigs,Ko, S.Y.;Yang, C.J.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 9, pp.1339-1347 crossref(new window)
Agricultural, Forestry, and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat. 1995. Japanese Feeding Standard for Beef Cattle. Central Association of Livestock Industry, Tokyo, Japan

Allison, R. D. and R. A. Laven. 2000. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on the health and fertility of dairy cows: a review. Vet. Rec. 147:703-708

Barnouin, J. and M. Chassagne. 1998. Factors associated with clinical mastitis incidence in French dairy herds during late gestation and early lactation. Vet. Res. 29:159-171

Bauchart, D. 1993. Lipid absorption and transport in ruminants. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3864-3881

Benzie, I. F., Y. T. Szeto, J. J. Strain and B. Tomlinson. 1999 Consumption of green tea causes rapid increase in plasma antioxidant power in humans. Nutr. Cancer. 34:83-87 crossref(new window)

Bernabucci, U., B. Ronchi, N. Lacetera and A. Nardone. 2002. Markers of oxidative status in plasma and erythrocytes of transition dairy cows during hot season. J. Dairy Sci. 85:2173- 2179

Cai, Y., Y. Fujita, C. Xu, M. Ogawa, T. Sato and N. Masuda. 2003. Mixed silage preparation of green tea grounds and corn and its fermentation quality. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 74:203-211 (in Japanese) crossref(new window)

Cai, Y., N. Masuda, Y. Fujita, H. Kawamoto and S. Ando. 2001. Development of a new method for preparation and conservation of tea grounds silage. Anim. Sci. J. 72:J536-J541 (in Japanese)

Chou, C. C., L. L. Lin and K. T. Chung. 1999. Antimicrobial activity of tea as affected by the degree of fermentation and manufacturing season. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 48:125-130 crossref(new window)

Dufresne, C. J. and E. R. Farnworth. 2001. A review of latest research findings on the health promotion properties of tea. J. Nutr. Biochem. 12:404-421 crossref(new window)

Eruden, B., T. Nishida, K. Hosoda, S. Shioya and Y. Cai. 2003. Effects of green tea grounds silage on digestibility, rumen fermentation and blood components in lactating dairy cows. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 74:483-490 (in Japanese) crossref(new window)

Eruden, B., T. Nishida, H. Matsuyama, K. Hosoda and S. Shioya. 2004. Nutritive value of green tea grounds silage and influence of polyethylene glycol on nitrogen metabolism in steers. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 75:559-566 (in Japanese) crossref(new window)

Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching. 1988. Consortium, Association Headquarters, 1111 N. Dunlap Avenue, Savoy, IL 61874

Holcomb, C. S., H. H. VanHorn, H. H. Head, M. B. Hall and C. J. Wilcox. 2001. Effects of prepartum dry matter intake and forage percentage on postpartum performance of lactating dairy. J. Dairy Sci. 84:2051-2058

Ishihara, N., D.-C. Chu, S. Akachi and L. R. Juneja. 2001. Improvement of intestinal microflora balance and prevention of digestive and respiratory organ diseases in calves by green tea extracts. Livest. Prod. Sci. 68:217-229 crossref(new window)

Katoh, N. 2002. Relevance of apolipoproteins in the development of fatty liver and fatty liver-related peripartum diseases in dairy cows. J. Vet. Med. Sci. 64:293-307 crossref(new window)

Kondo, M., K. Kita, N. Nishino and H. Yokota. 2004a. Enhanced lactic acid fermentation of silage by the addition of green tea waste. J. Sci. Food Agric. 84:728-734 crossref(new window)

Kondo, M., K. Kita and H. Yokota. 2004b. Effects of tea leaf waste of green tea , oolong tea, and black tea addition on sudangrass silage quality and in vitro gas production. J. Sci. Food Agric. 84:721-727 crossref(new window)

Kondo, M., K. Kita and H. Yokota. 2004c. Feeding value to goats of whole-crop oat ensiled with green tea waste. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 113:71-81 crossref(new window)

Kondo, M., M. Nakano, A. Kaneko, H. Agata, K. Kita and H. Yokota. 2004d. Ensiled green tea waste as partial replacement for soybean meal and alfalfa hay in lactating cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:960-966

Kono, S., K. Shinchi, N. Ikeda, F. Yanai and K. Imanishi. 1992. Green tea consumption and serum lipid profiles: a crosssectional study in northern Kyushu, Japan. Prev. Med. 21:526-531 crossref(new window)

Kondo, M., K. Kita and H. Yokota. 2006. Evaluation of fermentation characteristics and nutritive value of green tea waste ensiled with byproducts mixture for ruminants. Asian- Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:533-540

Maron, D. J., G. P. Lu, N. S. Cai, Z. G. Wu, Y. H. Li, H. Chen, J. Q. Zhu, X. J. Jin, B. C. Wouters and J. Zhao. 2003. Cholesterollowering effect of a theaflavin-enriched green tea extract: a randomized controlled trial. Arch. Intern. Med. 163:1448-1453 crossref(new window)

McKay, D. L. and J. B. Blumberg. 2002. The role of tea in human health: An update. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 21:1-13

Miller, J. K., E. Brzezinska-Slebodzinska and F. C. Madsen. 1993a. Oxidative stress, antioxidants, and animal function. J. Dairy Sci. 76:2812-2823

Miller, N. J., C. Rice-Evans, M. J. Davies, V. Gopinathan and A. Milner. 1993b. A novel method for measuring antioxidant capacity and its application to monitoring the antioxidant status in premature neonates. Clin. Sci. (London) 84:407-412

Miyazawa, T. 2000. Absorption, metabolism and antioxidative effects of tea catechin in humans. Biofactors. 13:55-59 crossref(new window)

Nakagawa, K., M. Ninomiya, T. Okubo, N. Aoi, L. R. Juneja, M. Kim, K. Yamanaka and T. Miyazawa. 1999. Tea catechin supplementation increases antioxidant capacity and prevents phospholipid hydroperoxidation in plasma of humans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47:3967-3973 crossref(new window)

Nijveldt, R. J., E. van Nood, D. E. C. van Hoorn, P. G. Boelens, K. van Norren and P. A. M. van Leeuwen. 2001. Flavonoids: a review of probable mechanisms of action and potential applications. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 74:418-425

Rice-Evans, C. and N. J. Miller. 1994. Total antioxidant status in plasma and body fluids. Methods Enzymol. 234:279-293 crossref(new window)

SAS User's Guide. Statistics, Version 6.03 Edition. 1988. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC

Silanikove, N., N. Gilboa, I. Nir, A. Perevolotsky and Z. Nitsan. 1996a. Effect of a daily supplementation of polyethylene glycol on intake and digestion of tannin-containing leaves (Quercus calliprinos, Pistacia lentiscus, caratonia siliqua) by sheep. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:199-205 crossref(new window)

Silanikove, N., Z. Nitsan and A. Perevolotsky. 1994. Effect of a daily supplementation of polyethylene glycol on intake and digestion of tannin-containing leaves (Ceratonia siliqua) by sheep. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42:2844-2847 crossref(new window)

Silanikove, N., D. Shinder, N. Gilboa, M. Eyal and Z. Nitsan. 1996b. Binding of poly (ethylene glycol) to samples of forage plants as an assay of tannins and their negative effects on ruminal degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:3230-3234 crossref(new window)

Sung, H., J. Nah, S. Chun, H. Park, S. E. Yang and W. K. Min. 2000. In vivo antioxidant effect of green tea. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 54:527-529 crossref(new window)

Tokunaga, S., I. R. White, C. Frost, K. Tanaka, S. Kono, S. Tokudome, T. Akamatsu, T. Moriyama and H. Zakouji. 2002. Green tea consumption and serum lipids and lipoproteins in a population of healthy workers in Japan. Ann. Epidemiol. 12:157-165 crossref(new window)

Van het Hof, K. H., S. A. Wiseman, C. S. Yang and L. B. Tijburg. 1999. Plasma and lipoprotein levels of tea catechins following repeated tea consumption. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 220:203- 209

Weatherburn, M. W. 1967. Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia. Anal. Chem. 39:971-974 crossref(new window)

Wilson, P. W., R. D. Abbott and W. P. Castelli. 1988. High density lipoprotein cholesterol and mortality. The Framingham Heart Study. Arteriosclerosis. 8:737-741

Xu, C., Y. Cai, Y. Fujita, H. Kawamoto, T. Sato and N. Masuda. 2003. Chemical composition and nutritive value of tea grounds silage treated with lactic acid bacteria and acremonium cellulase. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 74:355-361 (in Japanese) crossref(new window)

Xu, C., Y. Cai, T. Kida, M. Matsuo, H. Kawamoto and M. Murai. 2004. Silage preparation of total mixed ration with green tea grounds and its fermentation quality and nutritive value. Grassl. Sci. 50:40-46 (in Japanese)

Yamamoto, T., L. R. Juneja, D.-C. Chu and M. Kim. 1997. Chemistry and applications of green tea. CRC Press, Florida, USA

Yang, C. S., L. Chen, M. J. Lee, D. Balentine, M. C. Kuo and S. P. Schantz. 1998. Blood and urine levels of tea catechins after ingestion of different amounts of green tea by human volunteers. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomark. Prev. 7:351-354