JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Different Products and Levels of Selenium on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility and Selenium Retention of Growing-finishing Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Different Products and Levels of Selenium on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility and Selenium Retention of Growing-finishing Pigs
Tian, J.Z.; Yun, M.S.; Kong, C.S.; Piao, L.G.; Long, H.F.; Kim, J.H.; Lee, J.H.; Lim, J.S.; Kim, C.H.; Kim, Y.Y.; Han, In K.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different selenium (Se) products (inorganic, organic A, organic B) added at two supplemental dietary Se levels (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and Se retention in growing-finishing pigs. A factorial arrangement of treatments was used in a RCB design, with a non-Se-fortified basal diet serving as the negative control. A total of 56 crossbred pigs (28 male and 28 female pigs) initially weighing an average BW were allotted to each treatment with four pigs per pen on the basis of sex and weight. Two pigs per pen were selected and bled from the anterior vena cava at 3- weekly intervals to analyze Se concentration. In the growing phase (0-6 weeks), increased ADFI was observed when pigs were fed organic Se compared to those fed the control diet or inorganic Se treatment (p<0.05). Pigs fed inorganic Se had a great ADFI than pigs fed organic Se (p<0.05) in the late finishing phase (7-12 weeks), although there were no differences in whole period ADFI between organic or inorganic Se products. During 12 weeks of the whole experimental period, serum Se concentration increased linearly when dietary Se level increased regardless of Se products (p<0.05). Both dietary Se source (p<0.05) and Se level (p<0.01) influenced the Se concentration of various pig tissues at end of this experiment and Se content was the highest in the kidney. For the determination of nutrient digestibility, a metabolic trial was conducted in 3 replicates in randomized complete block (RCB) design. A total of 21 barrows ( of average BW) were used in the metabolic study. Selenium supplementation had no effect on nutrient digestibility except for crude protein. Crude protein digestibility increased with dietary supplementation of organic Se (A) compared with other forms of Se products or control diet (p<0.05). Consequently, this experiment indicated that dietary Se products and levels had no effect on growth performance of pigs. Se concentration in tissues and serum was increased in proportion to dietary Se level, especially when organic Se was provided. Although pigs were fed organic forms of Se, bioavailability of organic forms varied among products, consequently bioactivity of organic products to the animals should be evaluated before practical application in animal feed.
 Keywords
Selenium Source;Growth;Nutrients Digestibility;Serum Se;Se Retention;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Adkins, R. S. and R. C. Ewan. 1984. Effect of supplemental selenium on pancreatic function and nutrient digestibility in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 58:351-355

2.
Anita, S. P. S. Singha, K. S. Dhillon and Shashi Nayyar. 2004. Antioxidant enzymes in postpartum anoestrus buffaloes supplemented with vitamin E and selenium. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(5):608-611

3.
AOAC. 1995. Official methods of analysis (16th ed). Association of official analytical chemists. Washington, DC

4.
Behne, D., A. Kyriakopoulos, S. Scheid and H. Gessner. 1991. Effects of chemical form and dosage on the incorporation of selenium into tissue proteins in rats. J. Nutr. 121:806-814

5.
Brady, P. S., L. J. Brady, M. J. Parsons, D. E. Ullrey and E. R. Miller. 1979. Effects of riboflavin deficiency on growth and glutathione peroxidase system enzymes in the baby pig. J. Nutr. 109:1615-1622

6.
Ewan, R. C., M. E. Wastell, E. J. Bicknell and V. C. Speer. 1969. Performance and deficiency symptoms of young pigs fed diets low in vitamin E and selenium. J. Anim. Sci. 29:912-915

7.
Ganther, H. E. 1975. Selenoproteins. Chemica Scripta. 8A:79-84

8.
Groce, A. W., E. R. Miller, J. P. Hitchcock, D. E. Ullrey and W. T. Magee. 1973. Selenium balance in the pig as affected by selenium source and vitamin E. J. Anim. Sci. 37:942-947

9.
Kelly, M. P. and R. F. Power. 1995. Fractionation and identification of the major selenium containing compounds in selenized yeast. J. Dairy Sci. 78(Suppl1):237

10.
Kim, Y. Y. and D. C. Mahan. 2001a. Effects of high dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite on macro and micro mineral metabolism in grower-finisher swine. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:243-249

11.
Kim, Y. Y. and D. C. Mahan. 2001b. Prolonged feeding of high dietary levels of organic and inorganic selenium to gilts from 25 kg body weight through one parity. J. Anim. Sci. 79:956- 966

12.
Lu, J., M. Kaeck, C. Jiang, A. C. Wilson and H. J. Thompson. 1994. Selenite induction of DNA strand breaks and apoptosis in mouse leukemic L1210 cells. Biochem. Pharmacol. 47:1531-1535 crossref(new window)

13.
Mahan, D. C. 1985. Effect of inorganic selenium supplementation on selenium retention in postweaning swine. J. Anim. Sci. 61:173-178

14.
Mahan, D. C. and T. R. Cline. 1999. Effects of dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite as selenium sources fed to growing-finishing pigs on performance, tissue selenium, serum glutathione peroxidase activity, carcass characteristics, and loin quality. J. Anim. Sci. 77:2172-2179

15.
Mahan, D. C. and Y. Y. Kim. 1996. Effect of inorganic or organic selenium at two dietary levels on reproductive performance and tissue selenium concentrations in first-parity gilts and their progeny. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2711-2718

16.
Mahan, D. C., Y. Y. Kim and R. L. Stuart. 2000. Effect of vitamin E sources (RRR- or all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) and levels on sow reproductive performance, serum, tissue and milk alpha-tocopherol contents over a five-parity period, and the effects on the progeny. J. Anim. Sci. 78:110-119

17.
McConnell, K. P., J. M. Hsu, J. L. Herrman and W. L. Anthony. 1974. Parallelism between sulfur and selenium amino acids in protein synthesis in the skin of zinc-deficient rats. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 145:970-974

18.
Michelson, A. M. 1998. Selenium glutathione peroxidase: some aspects in man. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. 17:233-239

19.
Nakane, T., K. Asayama, K. Kodera, H. Hayashibe, N. Uchida and S. Nakazawa. Effect of selenium deficiency on cellular and extracellular glutathione peroxidases: immunochemical detection and mRNA analysis in rat kidney and serum. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 25:504-511 crossref(new window)

20.
NRC. 1988. Nutrient requirements of swine, 9th ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC

21.
Saito, Y., T. Hayashi, A. Tanaka, Y. Watanabe, M. Suzuki, E. Saito. and K. Takahashi. 1999. Selenoprotein P in human plasma as an extracellular phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase. Isolation and enzymatic characterization of human selenoprotein. J. Biol. Chem. 274:2866-2871 crossref(new window)

22.
SAS. 1995. User's guide statistics, SAS Inst. Inc. Cary. NC. 27513

23.
Shiobara, Y., Y. Ogra and K. T. Suzuki. 2000. Exchange of endogenous selenium for dietary selenium as 82Se-enriched selenite in brain, liver, kidneys and testes. Life Sci. 67:3041- 3049 crossref(new window)

24.
Thompson, J. N. and M. L. Scott. 1970. Impaired lipid and vitamin E absorption related to atrophy of the pancreas in seleniumdeficient chicks. J. Nutr. 100:797-803