Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Incremental Levels of α-Tocopherol Acetate on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Meat Quality of Commercial Broilers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Incremental Levels of α-Tocopherol Acetate on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Meat Quality of Commercial Broilers
Chae, B.J.; Lohakare, J.D.; Choi, J.Y.;
  PDF(new window)
This experiment was conducted to explore the efficacy of -tocopherol acetate (AT), a commercial supplement containing tocopherols, in commercial broilers. Three hundred and thirty Ross broiler chicks (4-d old) were randomly distributed and allotted to five dietary treatments for six weeks. Each treatment comprised 3 pens as replicates containing 22 chicks per pen. The five dietary treatments were: 0 mg/kg AT (negative control); 10 mg/kg AT; 50 mg/kg AT; 100 mg/kg AT; and 200 mg/kg AT; respectively, supplied totally by the supplement under study. Supplementation of AT improved weight gain significantly (p<0.05), with higher values in the 100 and 200 mg/kg AT fed group than the control during all phases of study, but feed intake remained unaffected. The nutrient digestibility studies conducted after 15 and 35 days of experimental feeding showed significantly higher digestibility of CP, ether extract and gross energy, in these two groups over the control diet. Carcass traits like dressing percentage and the color of the breast meat did not differ significantly due to treatments, but significantly (p = 0.0152) lower abdominal fat percent was noted in the 200 mg/kg fed group. Higher (p = 0.0003) tibia bone strength was noticed in groups fed diets above 50 mg/kg AT because of higher bone mineral content. The serum levels of tocopherols were not influenced but the muscle tocopherols content showed a positive linear trend with the dietary levels supplemented. The thio-barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) level in meat also suggested that supplemental AT has a protective role in rancidity. Overall, it could be concluded that AT supplementation at higher levels was found beneficial for growth and increased chicken meat quality.
 Cited by
Effects of Replacing Soy-oil with Soy-lecithin on Growth Performance, Nutrient Utilization and Serum Parameters of Broilers Fed Corn-based Diets,Huang, Jin;Yang, Dandan;Wang, Tian;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 12, pp.1880-1886 crossref(new window)
Effects of Fucoxanthin Addition to Ground Chicken Breast Meat on Lipid and Colour Stability during Chilled Storage, before and after Cooking,Sasaki, Keisuke;Ishihara, Kenji;Oyamada, Chiaki;Sato, Akiyuki;Fukushi, Akihiko;Arakane, Tomohiro;Motoyama, Michiyo;Yamazaki, Makoto;Mitsumoto, Mitsuru;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 7, pp.1067-1072 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia

Bartov, L. and M. Frigg. 1992. Effect of high concentrations of dietary vitamin E during various age periods on performance, plasma vitamin E and meat stability of broiler chicks at 7 weeks of age. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:393-402 crossref(new window)

Chae, B. J., J. D. Lohakare, J. Y. Choi, K. N. Han, J. S. Yong, H. K. Won, Y. H. Park and T.-W. Hahn. 2005. The efficacy of vitamin E-polyethylene glycol complex on growth performance, chicken meat quality and immunity in broilers. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 14:125-138

Coehlo, M. 2000. Poultry, swine, dairy vitamin supplementation updated. Feedstuffs.July 3 p. 12

Devore, V. R., G. L. Colnago, L. S. Jensen and B. E. Greene. 1983. Thiobarbituric acid values and glutathione peroxidase activity in meat from chickens fed a Se supplemented diet. J. Food Sci. 48:300-301 crossref(new window)

Dudin, V. I. and L. M. Dvinskaya. 1984. Effect of ethoxyquin on metabolism of alpha-tocopherol in tissues of broiler chickens. Sel'skokhozyaistvennykh Zhivotnykh. 75:59-62

Faustman, C., R. G. Cassens, D. M Schaefer, D. R. Buege, S. N. Williams and K. K. Scheller. 1989. Improvement of pigment and lipid stability in holstein steer beef by dietary supplementation with vitamin E. J. Food Sci. 54:858-862 crossref(new window)

Franchini, A., A. Meluzzi, S. Bertuzzi and G. Giordani. 1988. High doses of vitamin E in the broiler diets. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde. 52:12-16

Frigg, M., A. L. Prabucki and P. Crippa. 1990. Floor pen trial on the effect of dietary vitamin E on performance and oxidative stability of broiler meat. Zootecnica International (December) pp. 22-30

Guidera, J., J. P. Kerry, D. J. Buckley, P. B. Lynch and P. A. Morrissey. 1997. The effect of vitamin E supplementation on the quality of fresh and frozen lamb meat. Meat Sci. 45:33-43 crossref(new window)

Guo, Y., Q. Tang, J. Yuan and Z. Jiang. 2001. Effects of supplementation with vitamin E on the performance and the tissue peroxidation of broiler chicks and the stability of thigh meat against oxidative deterioration. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 89:165-17 crossref(new window)

Haq, A. U., C. A. Bailey and A. Chinnah. 1996. Effect of betacarotene, carlthaxanthin, lutein, and vitamin E on neonatal immunity of chicks when supplemented in the broiler breeder diets. Poult. Sci. 75:1092-1097

Jacobsen, K., R. M. Engberg, J. O Andersen, S. K. Jensen, C. Lauridsen, P. Sorensen, P. Henckel, G. Bertelsen, L. H. Skibsted and C. Jensen. 1995. Supplementation of broiler diets with all-rac-alpha- or a mixture of natural source RRR-alpha- ,gamma-, delta-tocopheryl acetate. 1. Effect on vitamin E status of broilers in vivo and at slaughter. Poult. Sci. 74:1984-1994

Lauridsen, C., S. Hojsgaard and M. T. Sorensen. 1999. Influence of dietary rapeseed oil, vitamin E and copper on the performance and the oxidative status of pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 77:906-916

Lohakare, J. D., T.-W. Hahn, Y. H. Shim, J. Y. Choi and B. J. Chae. 2004. Effects of feeding methods (feed vs. water) of vitamin E on growth performance and meat quality of broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1260-1265

Lohakare, J. D., J. Y. Choi, J. K. Kim, J. S. Yong, Y. H. Shim, T.-W. Hahn and B. J. Chae. 2005. Effects of dietary combinations of vitamin A, E and methionine on growth performance, meat quality and immunity in commercial broilers. Asian- Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:516-523

Lohakare, J. D., M. H. Ryu, T.-W. Hahn, J. K. Lee and B. J. Chae. 2005. Effects of supplemental ascorbic acid on the performance and immunity of commercial broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14: 10-19

Mazija, H., V. Serman, N. Mas and E. Prukner-Radovicic. 1992. Immune response as marker of needs for vitamins in chickens. 4. The influence of vitamin E on the immune response and development of immune system organs in chickens, Krmiva. 34:77-81

McIlroy, S. G., E. A. Goodall, D. A. Rice, M. S. Mcnulty and D. G. Kennedy. 1993. Improved performance in commercial broiler flocks with sub-clinical infectious bursal disease when fed diets containing increased concentrations of vitamin E. Avian Pathol. 22:81-94 crossref(new window)

Mitsumoto, M., S. Ozawa, T. Mitsuhashi and K. Koide. 1998. Effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation for one week before slaughter on drip, color and lipid stability during display in Japanese black steer beef. Meat Sci. 49:165-174 crossref(new window)

Monahan, F. J., J. I. Gray, A. M. Booren, E. R. Miller, D. J. Buckley, P. A. Morrissey and E. A. Gomaa. 1992. Influence of dietary treatment on lipid and cholesterol oxidation in pork. J. Agri. Food Chem. 40:1310-1315 crossref(new window)

Morrissey, P. A., P. J. A. Sheehy, K. Galvin, J. P. Kerry and D. J. Buckley. 1998. Lipid stability in meat and meat products. Meat Sci. 49:S73-S86 crossref(new window)

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th rev. ed. Washington, DC. National Academy Press

Norazlina, M., S. Ima-Nirwana and B. A. K. Khalid. 1999. Effects of palm vitamin E, vitamin D and calcium supplementation on bone metabolism in vitamin E deficient rats. Medical J. Islamic Academy Sci. 12:13-25

Rice, D. A. and Y. S. Kennedy. 1988. Vitamin E and free radical formation. In: (Ed. W. Haresign and D. J. A. Cole Ed). Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition, pp. 39-57 (London, Butterworths)

SAS. 1991. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. Version 6.03 Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC

Scott, M. L. and G. S. Stoewsand. 1961. A study of the ataxia of vitamin A and vitamin E deficiencies in the chick. Poult. Sci. 40:1517

Sheehy, P. J. A., P. A. Morrissey and A. Flynn. 1991. Influence of dietary alpha-tocopherol on tocopherol concentrations in chick tissues. Br. Poult. Sci. 32:391-397 crossref(new window)

Sinnhuber, R. O. and T. C. Yu. 1977. The 2-thiobarbituric acid reaction, an objective measure of the oxidative determination occurring in fats and oils. J. Japanese Oil Chem. Soc. 26:259-267

Tengerdy, R. P., M. M. Mathias and C. F. Nockels. 1984. Effect of vitamin E on immunity and disease resistance. pp. 118-122 In: Vitamins, Nutrition and (Ed. K. N. Cancer). Karger, Basel, Switzerland

Xu, H., B. A. Watkins and M. F. Seifert. 1994. Vitamin E status can alter bone histo-morphometry. J. Bone Mineral Res. 9:S249