Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Dietary Bacillus-based Probiotic on Growth Performance, Nutrients Digestibility, Blood Characteristics and Fecal Noxious Gas Content in Finishing Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Dietary Bacillus-based Probiotic on Growth Performance, Nutrients Digestibility, Blood Characteristics and Fecal Noxious Gas Content in Finishing Pigs
Chen, Y.J.; Min, B.J.; Cho, J.H.; Kwon, O.S.; Son, K.S.; Kim, H.J.; Kim, I.H.;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementation with bacillus-based probiotic (Bacillus subtilis, ; Bacillus coagulans, and Lactobacillus acidophilus, ) on finishing pigs growth performance, nutrients digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content and to determine the optimal addition level of this probiotic preparation. A total of forty eight pigs with an initial body weight (BW) of were allotted to three dietary treatments (four pigs per pen with four pens per treatment) according to a randomized complete block design. Dietary treatment included: 1) CON (basal diet); 2) BP1 (basal diet+bacillus-based probiotic 0.1%) and 3) BP2 (basal diet+bacillus-based probiotic 0.2%). The experiment lasted 6 weeks. Through the entire experimental period, ADG was improved by 11% (p<0.05) in pigs fed diets supplemented with 0.2% bacillus-based probiotic compared to pigs fed the basal diet. ADFI and gain/feed were not affected by the treatments (p>0.05). Supplementation of bacillus-based probiotic did not affect either DM and N digestibilities or blood characteristics (p>0.05) of pigs. Fecal ammonia nitrogen (-N) measured at the end of experiment was reduced (p<0.05) when pigs were fed the diet with 0.2% bacillus-based probiotic. Fecal butyric acid concentration also decreased significantly (p<0.05) whereas acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations were not affected (p>0.05) when pigs were fed diets with added bacillus-based probiotic. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of bacillus-based probiotic can increase growth performance and decrease fecal noxious gas content concentration.
Probiotics;Digestibility;Blood Characteristics;Fecal Noxious Gas;Finishing Pigs;
 Cited by
Effect of probiotics supplementation in diets with different nutrient densities on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, faecal microbial population and faecal noxious gas content in growing pigs, Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2013, 41, 1, 23  crossref(new windwow)
Dietary Enterococcus faecalis LAB31 Improves Growth Performance, Reduces Diarrhea, and Increases Fecal Lactobacillus Number of Weaned Piglets, PLOS ONE, 2015, 10, 1, e0116635  crossref(new windwow)
The Effect of Bacillus-based Feed Additive on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Fecal Gas Emission, and Pen Cleanup Characteristics of Growing-finishing Pigs, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2015, 28, 7, 999  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of multistrain probiotics on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles, faecal microbial shedding, faecal score and noxious gas emission in weaning pigs, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2016, 100, 6, 1130  crossref(new windwow)
Paecilomyces variotii: A Fungus Capable of Removing Ammonia Nitrogen and Inhibiting Ammonia Emission from Manure, PLOS ONE, 2016, 11, 6, e0158089  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of supplementing growing-finishing pig diets with Bacillus spp. probiotic on growth performance and meat-carcass grade qualitytraits, Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 2016, 45, 3, 93  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of intrauterine growth retardation and Bacillus subtilis PB6 supplementation on growth performance, intestinal development and immune function of piglets during the suckling period, European Journal of Nutrition, 2017, 56, 4, 1753  crossref(new windwow)
Dietary inclusion of different multi-strain complex probiotics; effects on performance in broilers, British Poultry Science, 2017, 58, 1, 83  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis supplementation in diets with low- and high-protein content on ileal crude protein and amino acid digestibility and intestinal microbiota composition of growing pigs, Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 2017, 8, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Influences of quorum-quenching probiotic bacteria on the gut microbial community and immune function in weaning pigs, Animal Science Journal, 2017, 13443941  crossref(new windwow)
Inclusion of dietary multi-species probiotic on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, meat quality traits, faecal microbiota and diarrhoea score in growing–finishing pigs, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2017, 1828-051X, 1  crossref(new windwow)
DSM 7134 in weanling pigs, Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2018, 46, 1, 888  crossref(new windwow)
Adlerberth, I., M. Cerquetti, I. Poilane, A. Wold and A. Collignon. 2000. Mechanisms of colonisation and colonisation resistance of the digestive tract. Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 11:223-239

Alexopoulos, C., I. E. Georgoulakis, A. Tzivara, C. S. Kyriakis, A. Govaris and S. C. Kyriakis. 2004. J. Vet. Med. Physiol. Pathol. Clin. Med. 51:306

AOAC. 1995. Official method of analysis. 16th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC

Apgar, G. A., E. T. Kornegay, M. D. Lindemann and C. M. Wood. 1993. The effect of feeding various levels of Bifidobacteriurn globosurn A on the performance, gastrointestinal measurements, and immunity of weanling pigs and on the performance and carcass measurements of growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:2173-2179

Argenzio, R. A. and M. Southworth. 1974. Sites of organic acid production and absorption in gastrointestinal tract of the pig. Am. J. Physiol. 228:454-460

Bloksma, N., E. De Heer, M. Van Dijk and M. Willers. 1979. Adjuvanticity of Lactobacilli. I. Differential effects of viable and killed bacteria. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 37:367-375

Bomba, A., R. Nemcova, S. Gancarcıkova, R. Herich, P. Guba and D. Mudronova. 2002. Improvement of the probiotic effect of micro-organisms by their combination with maltodextrins, fructo-oligosaccharides and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Br. Journal of Nutrition. 88 (Suppl.)1:95-99 crossref(new window)

Busse, F. W. 1993. Comparison measurements of the house climate in swine stables with and without respiratory diseases or cannibalism. In: Livestock Environment (Ed. E. Collins and C. Boon). Fourth International Symposium, University of Warwick, Coventry, England. ASAE, St. Joseph, MI. pp. 904- 908

Chaney, A. L. and E. P. Marbach. 1962. Modified regents for determination of urea and ammonia. Clin. Chem. 8:131

Chen, Y. J., K. S. Son, B. J. Min, J. H. Cho, O. S. Kwon and I. H. Kim. 2005a. Effects of dietary probiotic on growth performance, nutrients digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content in growing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1464-1468

Chen, Y. J., K. S. Son, B. J. Min, J. H. Cho, O. S. Kwon and I. H. Kim. 2005b. Effects of dietary probiotic on growth performance, nutrients digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content in growing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18(10):1464-1468

Crook, B., J. F. Robertson, S. A. T. Glass, E. M. Botheroyd, J. Lacey and M. D. Topping. 1991. Airborne dust, ammonia, microorganisms and antigens in pig confinement houses and the respiratory health of exposed farm-workers. Am. Indust. Hygiene Assoc. J. 52:271-279

Drummond, J. G., S. E. Curtis, J. Simon and H. W. Norton. 1980. Effects of aerial ammonia on growth and health of young pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 50:1085-1091

Dunne, C., L. Murphy, S. Flynn, L. O'Mahony, S. O'Halloran, M. Feeney, D. Morrissey, G. Thornton, G. Fitzgerald, C. Daly, B. Kiely, E. M. M. Quigley, G. C. O'Sullivan, F. Shanahan and J. Kevin. 1999. Probiotics: from myth to reality. Demonstration of functionality in animal models of disease and in human clinical trials. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 76:279-292 crossref(new window)

Ferket, P. R., E. van Heugten, T. A. T. G. van Kempen and R. Angel. 2002. Nutritional strategies to reduce environmental emissions from nonruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (E. Suppl. 2):E168-E182

Fernandes, C. F. and K. M. Shahani. 1990. Anticarcinogenic and immunological properties of dietary lactobacilli. J. Food Prot. 53:704-710

Hong, J. W., I. H. Kim, O. S. Kwon, J. H. Kim, B. J. Min and W. B. Lee. 2002. Effects of dietary probiotics supplementation on growth performance and fecal gas emission in nursing and finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 44:305-314

Ji, F. and S. W. Kim. 2002. Reducing odor in swine production: Effect of enzymes and probiotics on ammonia production. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 80 (Suppl. 1)

Jonsson, E. and P. Conway. 1992. Probiotics for pigs. In: (Ed. R. Fuller) Probiotics: The Scientific Basis. Chapman and Hall, London. pp. 260-316

Kil, D. Y., S. J. Lim, J. Z. Tian, B. G. Kim, K. S. Kim and Y. Y. Kim. 2004. Effect of continuous feeding of probiotics on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood urea nitrogen and immune responses in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 46:39-48

Kim, I. H., J. D. Hancock, R. H. Hines and C. R. Risley. 1993. Effects of cellulase and bacterial feed additives on the nutritional value of sorghum grain for finishing pigs. Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. Prog. No. 695:144

Kluber, E. F., D. S. Pollmann and F. Blecha. 1985. Effect of feeding Streptococcus faecium to artificially reared pigs on growth, hematology and cell-mediated immunity. Nutr. Rep. Int. 32:57

Kornegay, E. T. and C. R. Risley. 1996. Nutrient digestibilities of a corn-soybean meal diet as influenced by Bacillus products fed to finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 74:799-805

Kornegay, E. T., C. M. Wood, G. G. Ball and C. R. Risley. 1990. Use of Lactobacillus acidophilus for growing and finishing pigs. VA Polytech. Inst. State Univ. Anim. Sci. Res. Rep. 9:13

Lessard, M. and G. J. Brisson. 1987. Effect of a lactobacillus fermentation product on growth, immune response and fecal enzyme activity in weaned pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 67:509

Lim, H. S., B. H. Kim and I. K. Paik. 2004. Effects of Natufermen$^{\circR}$ supplementation to the diet on the performance of weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 46:981-988

Mackie, R. I., P. G. Stroot and V. H. Varel. 1998. Biochemical identification and biological origin of key odor components in livestock waste. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1331-1342

Malin, M., H.Suomalainen, M. Saxelin and E. Isolauri. 1996. Promotion of IgA immune response in patients with Crohn's disease by oral bacteriotherapy with Lactobacillus GG. Annals Nutr. Metab. 40:137-145 crossref(new window)

Maxwell, C. V., D. S. Buchanan, F. N. Owens, S. E. Gilliland, W. G. Luce and R. Vencl. 1983. Effect of probiotic supplementation on performance, fecal parameters and digestibility in growing-finishing swine. Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Sta. Anim. Sci. Res. Rep. pp. 114:157

Nousiainen, J. and J. Setala. 1993. Lactic acid bacteria as animal probiotics. In Lactic Acid Bacteria. (Ed. S. Salminen and A. von Wright). New York, Marcel Dekker. pp. 315-356

NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirement of pigs. 10th Edition. National Research Council, Academy Press. Washington, DC

O'Neill, D. H. and V. R. Phillips. 1992. A review of the control of odour nuisance from livestock buildings: Part 3, properties of the odorous substances which have been identified in livestock wastes or in the air around them. J. Agric. Eng. Res. 53:23-50 crossref(new window)

Otto, E. R., M. Yokoyama, S. Hengemuehle, R. D. von Bermuth, T. van Kempen and N. L. Trottier. 2003. Ammonia, volatile fatty acids, phenolics, and odor offensiveness in manure from growing pigs fed diets reduced in protein concentration. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1754-1763

Park, D. Y., H. Namkung and I. K. Paik. 2001. Effects of supplementary enzymes or probiotics on the performance and ammonia gas production in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 43:485-496

Perdigon, G., S. Alvarez and A. Pesce de Ruiz Holgado. 1991. Immunoadjuvant activity of oral Lactobacillus casei: influence of dose on the secretory immune response and protective capacity in intestinal infections. Dairy Res. 58:485-496 crossref(new window)

SAS. 1996. SAS user's guide. Release 6.12 edition. SAS Institute. Inc Cary NC. USA

Shon, K. S., J. W. Hong, O. S. Kwon, B. J. Min, W. B. Lee, I. H. Kim, Y. H. Park and I. S. Lee. 2005. Effects of Lactobacillus reuteri-based direct-fed microbial supplementation for growing-finishing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:370-374

Slanina, S. 1994. Forest dieback and ammonia-a typical Dutch problem. Chemistry International. 16:2-3

Spoelstra, S. F. 1980. Origin of objectionable odorous components in piggery wastes and the possibility of applying indicator components for studying odour development. Agric. Env. 5:241-260 crossref(new window)

Stavric, S. and E. T. Kornegay. 1995. Microbial probiotic for pigs and poultry. Biotechnology in Animal Feeds and Animal Feeding. (Ed. R. J. Wallace and A. Chesson). Weinheim:VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. pp. 205-231

Takahashi, T., E. Nakagawa, T. Nara, T. Yajima and T. Kuwata. 1998. Effects of orally ingested bifidobacterium longum on the mucosal IgA response of mice to dietary antigens. Bio. Biotechnol. Biochem. 62:10-15 crossref(new window)

van Breemen, N., P. A. Burrough, E. J. Velthorst, H. F. van Dobben, Toke de Wit, T. B. Ridder, H. F. R. Reijnders. 1982. Soil acidification from atmospheric ammonium sulphate in forest canopy throughfall. Nat. 299:548-550 crossref(new window)

Vandenbergh, P. A. 1993. Lactic acid bacteria, their metabolic products and interference with microbial growth. FEMS Microbiology Review. 12:221-238 crossref(new window)

Vitini, E., S. Alvarez, M. Medina, M. Medici, M. V. de Budeguer and G. Perdigon. 2000. Gut mucosal immunostimulation by lactic acid bacteria. Biocell. 24:223-232

Wenk, C. 2000. Recent advances in animal feed additives such as metabolic modifiers, antimicrobial agents, probiotics, enzymes and highly available minerals. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:86- 95

Xuan, Z. N., J. D. Kim, K. N. Heo, H. J. Jung, J. H. Lee, Y. K. Han, Y. Y. Kim and I. H. Han. 2001. Study on the development of a probiotics complex for weaned pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:1425-1428