JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Genetic Parameters for Traits in Performance and Progeny Tests and Their Genetic Relationships in Japanese Black Cattle
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Genetic Parameters for Traits in Performance and Progeny Tests and Their Genetic Relationships in Japanese Black Cattle
Oikawa, T.; Hoque, M.A.; Hitomi, T.; Suzuki, K.; Uchida, H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Genetic parameters for performance traits on 409 bulls and growth and carcass traits on 591 of their steer progeny were estimated in Japanese Black cattle with Gibbs sampling. Traits of bulls included body weight at the start (BWS) and finish (BWF) of test, daily gain (DG), concentrate, roughage and TDN intake, and TDN conversion ratio. Progeny traits were BWS, BWF, DG, rib eye area, marbling score (MSR), dressing percentage and subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT). In bulls, heritabilities were high for BWS (0.50) and BWF (0.63) and moderate for concentrate (0.48) and TDN intake (0.45), while in progeny, the heritability for all the studied traits was moderate to high (ranging from 0.30 to 0.73), highlighting the potential for genetic improvement of these traits. Genetic correlations between TDN intake and growth traits (BWS, BWF and DG) in bulls were highly positive (ranging from 0.77 to 0.94). The weak but negative genetic correlation (-0.20) between MSR and SFT in progeny indicated that improvement of beef marbling without increasing subcutaneous fat deposition could be possible. The estimated genetic correlations of roughage intake of bulls with body weights (BWS and BWF) and MSR of their progeny were moderate (ranging from 0.35 to 0.52). On the basis of the selection for bulls, growth traits and TDN intake correlated positively with SFT (ranging from 0.43 to 0.53) of their progeny, suggesting the necessity of controlling the increase of SFT in selection programs.
 Keywords
Beef Cattle;Carcass Quality;Genetic Parameters;Performance Test;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Arthur, P. F., G. Renand and D. Krauss. 2001. Genetic and phenotypic relationships among different measures of growth and feed efficiency in young Charolais bulls. Livest. Prod. Sci. 68:131-139 crossref(new window)

2.
Bishop, S. C. 1992. Phenotypic and genetic variation in body weight, food intake and energy utilization in Hereford cattle. I. Performance test results. Livest. Prod. Sci. 30:1-8 crossref(new window)

3.
Choi, S. B., J. W. Lee, Y. H. Choy, K. J. Na and N. S. Kim. 2005. Estimates of parameters for genetic relationship between reproductive performance and body condition score of Hanwoo cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:909-914

4.
Chung, E. R. and W. T. Kim. 2005. Association of SNP marker in IGF-1 and MYF5 candidate genes with growth traits in Korean cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1061-1065

5.
Crews, J. D. H., E. J. Pollak, R. L. Weaber, R. L. Quaas and R. J. Lipsey. 2003. Genetic parameters for carcass traits and their live animal indicators in Simmental cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1427-1433

6.
Eriksson, S., A. Nasholm, K. Johansson and J. Philipsson. 2003. Genetic analysis of field-recorded growth and carcass traits for Swedish beef cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci. 84:53-62 crossref(new window)

7.
Herd, R. M. and S. C. Bishop. 2000. Genetic variation in residual feed intake and its association with other production traits in British Hereford cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci. 63:111-119 crossref(new window)

8.
Hirooka, H., A. F. Groen and M. Matsumoto. 1996. Genetic parameter for growth and carcass traits in Japanese Brown cattle estimated from field records. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2112-2116

9.
Hoque, M. A., P. F. Arthur, K. Hiramoto and T. Oikawa. 2005a. Genetic relationship between different measures of feed efficiency and its component traits in Japanese Black (Wagyu) bulls. Livest. Prod. Sci. (in press)

10.
Hoque, M. A., K. Hiramoto and T. Oikawa. 2005b. Genetic relationship of feed efficiency traits of bulls with growth and carcass traits of their progeny for Japanese Black (Wagyu) cattle. Anim. Sci. J. 76:107-114 crossref(new window)

11.
JMGA (Japan Meat Grading Association). 1988. New beef carcass grading standards. Japan Meat Grading Association. Tokyo, Japan

12.
Kennedy, B. W., L. R. Schaeffer and D. A. Sorenson. 1988. Genetic properties of animal models. J. Dairy Sci. 71(Supplement 2):17-26

13.
Koots, K. R., J. P. Gibson, C. Smith and J. W. Wilton. 1994a. Analysis of published genetic parameters for beef production traits. 1. Heritability. Anim. Breed. Abstr. 62:309-338

14.
Koots, K. R., J. P. Gibson and J. W. Wilton. 1994b. Analysis of published genetic parameters for beef production traits. 2. Phenotypic and genetic correlations. Anim. Breed Abstr. 62:826-853

15.
Marshall, D. M. 1994. Breed differences and genetic parameters for body composition traits in beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2745-2755

16.
Mohiuddin, G. 1993. Estimates of genetic and phenotypic parameters of some performance traits in beef cattle. Anim. Breed Abstr. 61:495-522

17.
Mrode, R. A. 1988. Selection experiments in beef cattle. Part 2. A review of responses and correlated responses. Anim. Breed. Abstr. 56:155-167

18.
Mukai, F., K. Oyama and S. Kohno. 1995. Genetic relationships between performance test traits and field carcass traits in Japanese Black cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci. 44:199-205 crossref(new window)

19.
Neumaier, A. and E. G. Groeneveld. 1998. Restricted maximum likelihood estimation of covariances in sparse linear models. Genet. Sel. Evol. 30:3-26

20.
Nieuwhof, G. J., J. A. M. V Arendonk, H. Vos and S. Korver. 1992. Genetic relationships between feed intake, efficiency and production traits in growing bulls, growing heifers and lactating heifers. Livest. Prod. Sci. 32:189

21.
Oikawa, T., T. Sanehira, K. Sato, Y. Mizoguchi, H. Yamamoto and M. Baba. 2000. Genetic parameters for growth and carcass traits of Japanese Black (Wagyu) cattle. Anim. Sci. 71:59-64

22.
Oyama, K., F. Mukai and T. Yoshimura. 1996. Genetic relationships among traits recorded at registry judgment, reproductive traits of breeding females and carcass traits of fattening animals in Japanese Black cattle. Anim. Sci. Tech. 67:511-518

23.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). 1994. SAS/STAT user's guide, version 6, 4th edn. 893-993. Carry, USA

24.
Splan, R. K., L. V. Cundiff, M. E. Dikeman and L. D. Van Vleck. 2002. Estimates of parameters between direct and maternal genetic effects for weaning weight and direct genetic effects for carcass traits in crossbred cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 80:3107- 3111

25.
Uchida, H., T. Oikawa, K. Suzuki and T. Yamagishi. 2001. Estimation of genetic parameters using an animal model for traits in performance and progeny testing for meat production of Japanese Black cattle herd in Miyagi prefecture. Anim. Sci. J. 72:89-96

26.
Wilson, D. E., R. L. Willham, S. L. Northcutt and G. H. Rouse. 1993. Genetic parameters for carcass traits estimated from Angus field records. J. Anim. Sci. 71:2365-2370