Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Xylose Treatment on Rumen Degradability and Nutrient Digestibility of Soybean and Cottonseed Meals
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Xylose Treatment on Rumen Degradability and Nutrient Digestibility of Soybean and Cottonseed Meals
Sacakli, P.; Tuncer, S.D.;
  PDF(new window)
Two trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of xylose treatment on rumen degradability characteristics of DM, OM and CP and in vivo digestibility of DM, OM, CP and crude fiber (CF) of soybean meal (SBM) and cottonseed meal (CSM). In Trial 1, three ruminally cannulated Merino rams were used. Xylose treatments at both levels, 0.5 and 1%, decreased effective degradability of DM, OM and CP of SBM, whereas 0.5 and 1% xylose treatment of CSM did not show any effect on effective degradability of DM, OM and CP. By contrast, maximum potential degradabilities of DM, OM and CP of CSM seemed to be increased by 1% xylose treatment. It was concluded that xylose treatment was effective in protecting SBM proteins from degradation in the rumen, but the same treatment was not so effective for CSM protein. In trial 2, three Merino rams were used. With treatments, DM, OM, CP and CF digestibilities of SBM and CSM were not changed. Crude fiber digestibility was numerically increased by the treatments of 0.5 and 1% xylose of both SBM and CSM compared to untreated SBM and CSM but differences were not significant. In conclusion SBM proteins can be effectively protected from degradation in the rumen by xylose treatment, without negatively affecting in vivo digestibility of protein, whereas xylose treatment appeared to be less effective on protecting of CSM proteins.
Cottonseed Meal;Digestibility;Rumen Degradability;Soybean Meal;Xylose;
 Cited by
Estimation of Ruminal Degradation and Intestinal Digestion of Tropical Protein Resources Using the Nylon Bag Technique and the Three-step In vitro Procedure in Dairy Cattle on Rice Straw Diets,Promkot, C.;Wanapat, Metha;Rowlinson, P.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 12, pp.1849-1857 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1984. Official methods of analysis. 14th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists., Washington, DC

Bhargava, P. K. and E. R. Orskov. 1987. Manual for the use of naylon bag technique in the evaluation of feedstuffs. Bucksburn, The Rowett Research Instıtute, pp. 1-20

Bratzler, J. W. and R. F. Swıft. 1959. A comparison of nitrogen and energy determinations of fresh and oven-air-dried cattle faeces. J. Dairy Sci. 42:686-691

Chen, X. B. and S. Qin. 2005. Effects of processing method and variety of rapeseed meal on ruminal and postruminal amino acids digestibility. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18(6):802-806

Cleale IV. R. M., R. A. Britton, T. J. Klopfenstein, M. L. Bauer, D. L. Harmon and L. D. Satterlee. 1987. Induced non-enzymatic browning of soybean meal. II. Ruminal escape and net portal absorbtion of soybean protein treated with xylose. J. Anim. Sci. 65:1319-1326

Cooker, B. A., J. H. Clark and R. D. Shanks. 1983. Effect of formaldehyde treated soybean meal on milk yield, milk composition and nutrient digestibility in dairy cow. J. Dairy Sci. 66:492-504

Driedger, A. and E. E. Hatfield. 1972. Influence of tannins on the nutritive value of soybean meal for ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 34:465-468

Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple Range and Multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11:1-42 crossref(new window)

Guclu, K. B. 1999. Pamuk tohumu kuspesinin tannik asit ve lignosufonate ile muamelesinin koclarda besin madde sindirilme derecesi ve rumende parcalanma ozellikleri uzerine etkisi. Ankara Universitesi Saglık Bilimleri Enstitusu

Harstad, O. M. and E. Prestlokken. 2000. Effective rumen degradability and intestinal indigestibility of individual amino acids in solvent-extracted soybean meal (SBM) and xylosetreated SBM (SoyPass) determined in situ. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 83:31-47 crossref(new window)

Hussein, H. S., R. M. Jordan and M. D. Stern. 1991. Ruminal protein metabolism and intestinal amino acid utilization as affected by dietary protein and carbohydrate sources in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 71:739-754

Lebzien, P., R. Daenicke and D. Gadeken. 1995. Studies on the use of protected soybean meal in rations for lactating cows. Anim. Res. Devel. 42:116-127

Little, C. O., W. Burroughs and W. Woods. 1963. Nutritional significance of soluble nitrogen in dietary proteins for ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 22:358-363

Lycock, K. A. and E. L Miller. 1981. Nitrogen solubility and degradability of commercially and laboratory prepared rapeseed and soy-bean meals. Nutr. Soc. Abst. p. 103A

Mansfıeld, R. H. and M. D. Stern. 1994. Effect of soybean hulls and e-treated soybean meal on ruminal fermentation in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77:1070-1083

McAllister, T. A., K. J. Cheng, K. A. Beauchemin, D. R. C. Bailey, M. D. Pickaord and R. P. Gilbert. 1993. Use of lignosulfonate to decrease the rumen degradability of canola meal protein. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 73:211-215

Mir, Z., G. K. Macleod, J. G. Buchanan-Smith, D. G. Grıeve and W. L. Grovum. 1984. Methods for protecting soybean and canola proteins from degradation in the rumen. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 64:853-865

Nakamura, T., T. J. Klopfenstein, D. J. Owen, R. A. Britton and R. J. Grant. 1992. Nonenzymatically browned soybean meal for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy. Sci. 75:3519-3523

Nakamura, T., T. J. Klopfenstein, D. J. Gibb and R. A. Britton. 1994. Growth efficiency and digestibility of heated protein feed to growing ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 72:774-782

Nishimuta, J. F., D. G. Ely and J. A. Boling. 1974. Ruminal bypass of dietary soybean protein treated with heat, formalin and tannic acid. J. Anim. Sci. 39:952-957

$\Phi$rskov, E. R. and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 92:499-503 crossref(new window)

Pond, W. G., D. C. Church and K. R. Pond. 1995. Measurement of Feed and Nutritient Utilization and Requirements in Animals. In: Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding, New York. John and Sons, p. 49-63

Stanford, K., T. A. Mcallister, Z. Xu, M. Pickard and K. J. Cheng. 1995. Compression of lignosulfonate treated canola meal and soybean meal protein as rumen undegradable protein supplements for lambs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 75:371-377

Stern, M. D. 1984. Effect of lignosulfonate on rumen microbial degradation of soybean meal protein in continuous culture. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 64:27

Subuh, A. M. H., T. G. Rowan and T. L. J. Lawrence. 1994. Effect of heat or formaldehyde treatment and differences in basal diet on the rumen degradability of protein in soybean meal and in rapeseed meals of different glucosinolate content. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 49:297-310 crossref(new window)

Robinson, P. H., G. R. Khorasani and J. J. Kennelly. 1994. Forestomach and whole tract digestion in lactating dairy cows fed canola meal treated with variable levels of acetic acid. J. Dairy Sci. 77:552-559

Thomas, E., A. Trenetle and W. Burroughs. 1979. Evaluation of protective agents applied to soybean meal and fed to cattle. I. Laboratory measurements. J. Anim. Sci. 49:1337-1345

Veen, W. A. G. 1986. The influence of slowly and rapidly degradable concentrate protein on a number of rumen parameters in dairy cattle. Neth. J. Agric. Sci. 34:119-207

Windschitl, P. M. and M. D. Stern. 1988. Evaluation of calcium lignosulfonate-treated soybean meal as a source of rumen protected protein for dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 71:3310-3322