JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Some Management Factors on Milk Production in First-calf Heifers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Some Management Factors on Milk Production in First-calf Heifers
Broucek, J.; Arave, C.W.; Kisac, P.; Mihina, S.; Flak, P.; Uhrincat, M.; Hanus, A.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate whether milk performance is impacted by the housing of heifers from the second to the seventh day of life, the method of feeding milk from the second week of life to weaning, the sire lineage and by the season of birth and season of calving. From 32 Holstein heifer-calves, which spent their first day of life in a loose housing maternity pen with their mother, 19 heifers were randomly placed in hutches (IH), and 13 stayed in a loose housing maternity pen (MP). At the seventh day IH heifers were assigned to one of two treatments, 10 heifers were randomly taken from IH and relocated to a loose housing pen with an automatic feeding station (AD), 9 calves stayed in hutches with bucket drinking (BD). MP heifers were moved to a group pen with nursing cows (UD). All animals were weaned at the age of 8 weeks (56 days) and kept in group pens. After calving, they were in free-stall housing. Trial cows were divided according to the sire, season of birth and calving. The five-factorial ANOVA revealed that among all the factors taken into account in this study, only sire lineage and season of birth had significant effects. The production of milk, FCM and protein were higher in the MP group than in the IH group. The UD group tended to have the highest production of milk, FCM, protein, lactose, SNF and total solids (TS) and the AD group the lowest. The content of fat and TS were highest in the AD group. Effects of the sire were significant for average daily gains (ADG) from birth to weaning (, p<0.05), contents of fat (, p<0.05), protein (, p<0.05), and TS (, p<0.05). In the season of birth evaluation, statistical difference was found only in the content of protein (, p<0.05). Cows born in March-May had the highest % protein and cows born in June-August the lowest ( vs. ). Dairy cows born and subsequently calving in December-February had the highest production of milk, protein and TS, and dairy cows born in June-August the lowest. FCM and fat yields were highest in the group born in September-November and lowest in the group born in June-August.
 Keywords
Dairy Cow;Milk Performance;Rearing;Housing;Sire Lineage;Season of Birth and Calving;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Arave, C. W., C. H. Mickelsen and J. L. Walters. 1985. Effect of early rearing experience on subsequent behavior and production of Holstein heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 68:923-928

2.
Arave, C. W., J. L. Albright, D. V. Armstrong, W. W. Foster and L. L. Larson. 1992. Effects of isolation of calves on growth, behavior, and first lactation milk yield of holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 75:3408-3415

3.
Babu, L. K., H. N. Pandey and A. Sahoo. 2003. Effect of individual versus group rearing and feeding of different levels of milk and skim milk on nutrient utilization in crossbred calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1455-1459

4.
Bar-Peled, U., B. Robinzon, E. Maltz, H. Tagari, Y. Folman, I. Bruckental, H. Voet, H. Gacitua and A. R. Lehrer. 1997. Increased weight gain and effects on production parameters of Holstein heifer calves that were allowed to suckle from birth to six weeks of age. J. Dairy Sci. 80:2523-2528

5.
Broucek, J., S. Mihina, M. Uhrincat, V. Tancin, L. Harcek and L. Hetenyi. 1995. Effect of more suckling calves on milk yield and reproduction of dairy cows. Zivocisna Vyroba. 40:59-64

6.
Broucek, J., C. W. Arave, T. H. Friend, S. Mihina, M. Uhrincat, A. Hanus and P. Kisac. 2001. Effect of rearing methods of dairyheifers prior to weaning on growth and reproduction. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1)

7.
Broucek, J., C. W. Arave, T. H. Friend, S. Mihina, M. Uhrincat, A. Hanus and P. Kisac. 2001. Effect of rearing methods of dairyheifers prior to weaning on growth and reproduction. J. Dairy Sci. 84 (Suppl. 1)

8.
Broucek, J., C. W. Arave, T. H. Friend, S. Mihina, M. Uhrincat, A. Hanus and P. Kisac. 2001. Effect of rearing methods of dairyheifers prior to weaning on growth and reproduction. Poult. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 1)

9.
Broucek, J., C. W. Arave, T. H. Friend, S. Mihina, M. Uhrincat, A. Hanus and P. Kisac. 2001. Effect of rearing methods of dairyheifers prior to weaning on growth and reproduction. 54th Annu. Rec. Meat Conf. II: 270(Abstr.).

10.
Cho, K. H., S. H. Na, J. H. Cho, J. H. Lee and K. J. Lee. 2004. Studies on the development of novel 305 day adjustment factors for production traits in dairy cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1689-1694

11.
Dahl, G. E., B. A. Buchanan and H. A. Tucker. 2000. Photoperiodic effects on dairy cattle: A review. J. Dairy Sci. 83:885-893

12.
Dobos, R. C., K. S. Nandra, K. Riley, W. J. Fulkerson, L. J. Lean and R. C. Kellaway. 2001. Effects of age and liveweight at first calving on first lactation milk, protein and fat yield of Friesian heifers. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 41:13-19 crossref(new window)

13.
Hayes, B. J., M. Carrick, P. Bowman and M. E. Goddard. 2003. Genotype$\times$environment interaction for milk production of daughters of australian dairy sires from test day records. J. Dairy Sci. 86:3736-3744

14.
Khan, M. A. A., M. N. Islam, M. A. S. Khan and M. A. Akbar. 2004. Effects of feeding high and low energy levels during late pregnancy on performance of crossbred dairy cows and their calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:947-953

15.
Krohn, C. C., J. Foldager and L. Mogensen. 1999. Long-term effect of colostrum feeding methods on behaviour in female dairy calves. Acta Agric. Scand., Section A, Anim. Sci. 49:57- 64 crossref(new window)

16.
Lee, D. H. and K. J. Han. 2004. Genetic relationship between milk production, calving ease and days open at first parity in Holstein cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:153-158

17.
Lu, C. H., C. J. Chang, P. N. Lee, C. P. Wu, M. T. Chen and X. Zhao. 2003. Functional characterization of mammary gland of Holstein cows under humid tropical summer climates. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:988-995

18.
Maatje, I. C., J. Verhoeff, W. D. J. Kremer, A. L. M. Cruljsen and T. S. G. M. van den Ingh. 1993. Automated feeding of milk replacer and health control of group-housed veal calves. Vet. Rec. 133:266-268

19.
Nettisinghe, A. M. P., H. M. J. Udo and F. A. Steenstra. 2004. Impact of an AI heifer calf rearing scheme on dairy stock development in the western province of Sri Lanka. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:18-26

20.
Norusis, M. J. 1998. SPSS 8.0 guide to data analysis. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA

21.
Paputungan, U. and M. Makarechian. 2000. The influence of dam weight, body condition and udder scores on calf birth weight and preweaning growth rates in beef cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:435-439

22.
Place, N. T., A. J. Heinrichs and H. N. Erb. 1998. The effects of disease, management, and nutrition on average daily gain of dairy heifers from birth to four months. J. Dairy Sci. 81:1004- 1009

23.
Seipelt, F., A. Bunger, R. Heeren, D. Kähler, M. Lüllmann and G. Pohl. 2003. Computer controlled calf rearing. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Dairy Housing Conference, ASAE Publication, No 701P0203, Fort Worth, TX. pp. 356-360

24.
West, J. W. 2003. Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 86:2131-2144