Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Spent Wheat Straw Compost of Agaricus bisporus Mushroom as Ruminant Feed
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Spent Wheat Straw Compost of Agaricus bisporus Mushroom as Ruminant Feed
Fazaeli, H.; Masoodi, A.R. Talebian;
  PDF(new window)
Spent compost wheat straw is an available by-product from edible mushroom production, which constitutes a potential pollutant and is cost effective for disposal. This study was conducted to determine the nutritive value as ruminant feed of spent wheat straw compost from Agaricus bisporus mushroom production. The compost was provided from a mushroom farm, the casing soil was removed from the whole compost, and then it was sun dried and sampled for chemical analysis. An experiment was conducted, in which four wheat straw-based diets comprising control (I), 10% spent straw (II), 20% spent straw (III) and 30% spent straw (IV) were tested in a cross-over design using 8 sheep. Dry matter intake (DMI) was 74.0, 73.8, 70.2 and 57.1 and organic matter intake (OMI) was 62.7, 63.4, 58.0 and 44.4 g per kg for diets I, II, III and IV, respectively, which, were significantly (p<0.05) lower for diet IV. Digestible OMI was respectively 33.1, 32.6, 30.6 and, 20.2 g per kg on the four diets which were significantly (p<0.05) different between the treatments. Inclusion of spent compost straw up to 20% of the diet did not affect the digestibility of DM, OM, CF, ADF and NDF, but the diet containing 30% compost straw had statistically (p<0.05) lower digestibilities. Nitrogen balance was also significantly (p<0.05) different between the treatments.
Wheat Straw Spent Compost;Mushroom;Nutritive Value;
 Cited by
Effects of Spent Mushroom Substrates Supplementation on Rumen Fermentation and Blood Metabolites in Hanwoo Steers,Oh, Young-Kyoon;Lee, Won-Man;Choi, Chang-Weon;Kim, Kyoung-Hoon;Hong, Seong-Koo;Lee, Sang-Cheol;Seol, Yong-Joo;Kwak, Wan-Sup;Choi, Nag-Jin;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2010. vol.23. 12, pp.1608-1613 crossref(new window)
Yield, Nutrient Characteristics, Ruminal Solubility and Degradability of Spent Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) Substrates for Ruminants,Kim, Y.I.;Cho, W.M.;Hong, S.K.;Oh, Y.K.;Kwak, W.S.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2011. vol.24. 11, pp.1560-1568 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (214th ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA

Bakshi, M. P. S. and P. N. Langar. 1985. Utilization of Agaricus bisporus harvested spent wheat straw in buffaloes. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 55(12): 1060-1063

Bakshi, M. P. S. and P. N. Langar. 1991. Agaricus bisporus harvested spent wheat straw as livestock feed. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 61(6):653-654

Ball, A. S. and A. M. Jackson. 1995. The recovery of lignocellulose degrading enzymes from spent mushroom compost. Bio Res. Technol. 54:311-314

Bonnen, A. M., L. H. Anton and A. B. Orth. 1994. Lignindegrading enzymes of the commercial button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:960-965

Burton, S. G., J. R. Duncan, P. T. Kaye and P. D. Rose. 1993. Activity of mushroom polyphenol oxidase in organic medium. Biotechnol. Bioengin. 42(8):938-944 crossref(new window)

Burton, K. S., J. B. V. Hammond and T. Minamide. 1994. Protease activity in Agaricus bisporus during periodic fruiting (flushing) and sporophore development. Current Microbiol. 28(5):275-278 crossref(new window)

Calzada, J. F., L. F. Franco, M. C. de. Arriola, C. Rolz and M. A. Ortiz. 1987. Acceptability, body weight changes and digestibility of spent wheat straw after harvesting of Pleurotus sajor-caju fed to lambs. Biol. Waste. 22(4):303-309 crossref(new window)

Crosbie, G. B. and J. B. Rowe. 1988. The effect of lignin silica content of oat hulls on their in vitro digestibility. Proceeding of the Australian Society of Animal Production. p. 17

Dehanda, S., H. S. Garcha, V. K. Kakkar and G. S. V. K. Makkar. 1996. Improvement in feed value of paddy straw by Pleurotus. Mushroom Research. 5(1):1-4

Durrant, A. J., D. A. Wood and R. B. Cain. 1991. Lignocellulose biodegradation by Agaricus bisporus during solid substrate fermentation. J. Gen. Microbiol. 137:751-755

Fazaeli, H., Z. A. Jelan, A. Azizi, J. B. Liang, H. Mahmodzadeh and A. Osman. 2002a. Effects of fungal treatment on the nutritive value of wheat straw. Malaysian J. Anim. Sci. 7(2):61-71

Fazaeli, H., Z. A. M. Jelan, H. Mahmoodzadeh, J. B. Liang, A. Azizi and A. Osman. 2002b. Effect of fungal treated wheat straw on the diet of lactating cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(11):1573-1578

Fazaeli, H., H. Mahmodzadeh, Z. A. Jelan, Y. Rouzbehan, J. B. Liang and A. Azizi. 2004a. Utilization of fungal treated wheat straw in the diet of late lactating cow. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(4):467-472

Fazaeli, H., H. Mahmodzadeh, A. Azizi, Z. A. Jelan, J. B. Liang, Y. Rouzbehan and A. Osman. 2004b. nutritive value of wheat straw treated with pleurotus fungi. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(12):1681-1688

Gerrits, J. P. G. 1994. Composition, use and legislation of spent mushroom substrate in the Netherlands. Compost. Sci. Util. 2:24-30

Giovannozzi-Sermanii, G., G. Bertoni and A. Porri. 1989. Biotransformation of straw to commodity chemicals and animal feeds. In: Enzyme Systems for Lignocellulose Degradation (Ed. W. Coughlan). Elsevier science, Amsterdam. 371-382

Jalc, D., F. Neuron and P. Siroka. 1998. The effectiveness of biological treatment on wheat straw by white-rot fungi. Folica Microbiol. 43(6):687-689 crossref(new window)

Kakkar, V. K., H. S. Garcha, S. Dhanda and G. S. Makkar. 1990. Mushroom harvested spent straw as feed for buffaloes. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 7(4):267-272

Kleyn John, G. and T. F. Wetzler. 1981. The microbiology of mushroom compost and its dust. Can. J. Microbiol. 27:748-753

Langar, P. N., J. P. Sehgal and H. S. Garcha. 1980. Chemical changes in wheat and paddy straws after fungal cultivation. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 50(11):942-946

Langar, P. N., J. P. Sehgal, V. K. Rana, M. M. Singh and H. S. Garcha. 1982. Utilization of Agaricus bisporus-harvested spent wheat straw in the ruminant diets. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 52(8):634-637

Maeda Takenaga, H., S. Aso and Y. Yamanaka. 1993. Utilization of heat-dried stipe of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus Sing.) for animal feed. J. Jpn. Soc. Grass. Scie. 39(1):22-27

Manning, K. 1985. Food value and chemical composition. In the Biology and Technology of theCultivated Mushroom, (Ed. P. B. Flegg, D. M. Spencer, D. A. Wood, John Wiley and S. Chichester). pp. 211-230

Marwaha, C. L., S. Manoj, B. Singh, B. S. Katoch and M. Sharma. 1990. Comparative feeding value of untreated, ureaammoniated and fungal treated wheat straw in growing Jersey calves. Ind. J. Dairy Sci. 43(3):308-313

NRC. 1985. Nutrient requirements of sheep, sixth revised. National Academy Press, Washington, DC

Oei, P. 1991. Some aspects of mushroom cultivation in developing countries. In:. Proceeding of the 13th int. cong. on the science and cultivation of fungi. (Ed. M. J. Mahe) Rotterdam, Netherlands. XIII, Vol. 2. pp. 777-780

Quimio, T. H. 1988. Continuous recycling of rice straw in mushroom cultivation for animal feed. Recent advances in biotechnology and applied biology. Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Global Impacts of Applied Microbiology, Hong Kong. pp. 595-601

Riahi, H., A. Vahid and M. Sheidai. 1998. The first report of spent mushroom compost leaching from Iran. Acta Hortic. (Peking) 469:473-480

Sarwar, M., M. Ajmal Khan and Mahr-un-Nisa. 2003. Nitrogen retention and chemical composition of urea treated wheat straw ensiled with organic acids or fermentable carbohydrate. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(11):1583-1592

SAS Institute. 1992. SAS/STAT user's guide. SAS Institute Inc, Cary

Sharma, H. S. S., A. Furlan and G. Layons. 1999. Comparative assessment of chelated spent mushroom substrates as casing material for the production of Agaricus bisporus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 52:366-372 crossref(new window)

Spencer, D. M. 1985. The mushroom, its history and importance. In: Biology and technology of the cultivated Mushroom (Ed. P. B. Flegg, D. M. Spencer, D. A. Wood, John Wiley and S. Chi Chester) pp. 1-8

Tamong, Y., G. Samanta, N. Charkraborty and L. Mandal. 1992. Nutritive value of azolla (Azolla pinnata) and its potentiality of feeding in goats. Environ. Ecol. 10(2):455-456

Undersander, D. J., N. A. Cole and C. H. Naylon. 1987. Digestibility by lambs of water-stressed alfalfa as determined by total collection or internal markers. J. Dairy Sci. 70(8):1719-1723

Valmaseda, M., G. Almendros and A. T. Martinez. 1991. Chemical transformation of wheat straw constituents after solid-state fermentation with selected lignocellulose degrading fungi. Biomass and Bio Energy 1(5):261-266

Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods of dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597

Walli, T. K., S. N. Rai, B. N. Gupta and S. Kishan. 1991. Influence of fungal treated and urea treated wheat straw on nutrient utilization in calves. Ind. J. Anim. Nutr. 8(3):227-230

Yamakawa, M., H. Abe and M. Okamoto. 1992. Effect of incubation with edible mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, on voluntary intake and digestibility of rice straw by sheep. Anim. Sci. Technol. 63:133-138

Zadrazil, F. 1997. Changes in in vitro digestibility of wheat straw during fungal growth and after harvest of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.) on laboratory and industrial scale. J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 11:37-48