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Effects of Spent Composts of Selenium-enriched Mushroom and Sodium Selenite on Plasma Glutathione Peroxidase Activity and Selenium Deposition in Finishing Hanwoo Steers
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Spent Composts of Selenium-enriched Mushroom and Sodium Selenite on Plasma Glutathione Peroxidase Activity and Selenium Deposition in Finishing Hanwoo Steers
Lee, S.H.; Park, B.Y.; Lee, Sung S.; Choi, N.J.; Lee, J.H.; Yeo, J.M.; Ha, J.K.; Maeng, W.J.; Kim, W.Y.;
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Effects of spent composts of selenium-enriched mushroom (Se-SMC) on plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and selenium (Se) deposition in finishing Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) steers were investigated. Twenty-five Hanwoo steers (average body weight = 613 kg, average age = 22 months) were allotted to treatments in five groups of five steers per pen for 12 weeks preceding slaughter. Treatments were SMC alone (CON; 0.1 ppm Se), 0.3 ppm (0.3 Se-SMC), 0.6 ppm (0.6 Se-SMC), 0.9 ppm (0.9 Se-SMC), and 0.9 ppm (sodium selenite; SENI) Se. During the experimental period, blood samples were taken to analyze Se concentrations and GSH-Px activities. Muscle and liver samples were collected for analyses of Se contents after slaughter. Dry matter intake and body weight gain were not affected by Se-SMC or sodium selenite supplementation. Selenium concentration in the whole blood and GSH-Px activity in plasma were linearly increased (p<0.01) with increasing levels of Se-SMC. The whole blood Se concentration of SENI treatment was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of CON treatment from 4 weeks, whereas there was no significant difference in GSH-Px activities between both treatments at 8 and 12 weeks. Selenium content in the hind leg and liver increased linearly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of Se-SMC, but those of SENI treatments were not significantly different from CON treatments. These results suggested that Se in the Se-SMC was highly bioavailable to blood and tissues of ruminants, especially compared with Se in the sodium selenite. Therefore, Se-SMC might be used not only as an inexpensive way of providing Se for ruminants but also as another way of producing Se-fortified beef.
Spent Composts of Se-Enriched Mushroom;Sodium Selenite;Glutathione Peroxidase;Selenium Deposition;Hanwoo Steers;
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