JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Lipid Metabolism and Peroxidation in Broiler Chicks under Chronic Heat Stress
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Lipid Metabolism and Peroxidation in Broiler Chicks under Chronic Heat Stress
Shim, K.S.; Hwang, K.T.; Son, M.W.; Park, Garng H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The effects of taurine supplementation on growth performance, serum and liver concentrations of lipid, fatty acid composition and lipid peroxidation in the livers of broilers under chronic heat exposure conditions were investigated. The chicks with a similar body weight were equally assigned to one of three controlled-environment chambers. The brolier chicks, which were kept at were fed either with a control diet or the control diet supplemented with 0.8% taurine, whereas broiler chicks kept at were fed a control diet. Both of the BW and BW gains of broilers maintained at a temperature of were significantly lower than those of the control group, which was maintained at a temperature of (p<0.05). However, taurine addition in the diet of birds submitted to heat stress siginficantly improved BW gain (p<0.05). The feed intake of chicks declined with increases in temperature. The relative liver and gall bladder weights of chicks fed the control diet and maintained at were significantly lower than those measured in the control birds (p<0.05). However, dietary taurine was found to compensate for these reductions in liver and gall bladder weights. Relative weights of abdominal fat did not differ significantly among the three groups. Serum triglyceride concentrations were significantly lower in the chicks fed the control diet and maintained at compare to those measured in the chicks fed the control diet at (p<0.05). Heat stress resulted in a significant reduction in total lipid and triglyceride levels, but also increased the levels of total cholesterol in the liver (p<0.05). However, dietary taurine supplementation under the heat stress condition resulted in the recovery, to control levels, of serum triglyceride concentrations, as well as the amounts of total lipids, triglycerides, and cholesterol in the liver. The livers of chicks fed on taurine diets at showed significantly higher proportions of C14:0, C16:1, C18:1, C18:2, and 20:3, and lower C18:0 and C20:4 proportions than those of chicks fed on control diets at the same temperature (p<0.05). The total levels of saturated fatty acids decreased, but monounsaturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acid levels increased in chicks fed the taurine diet, as compared to chicks fed the control diet at (p<0.05). Peroxidizability indices were significantly lower in the heat-exposed chicks fed the taurine diet than in the non-taurine heat-exposed groups (p<0.05). In conclusion, dietary taurine results in an increase in the growth performances of chicks under heat stress conditions via improvements in lipid absorption and metabolism, as well as an induced reduction in lipid peroxidation.
 Keywords
Broiler;Heat Stress;Lipid Metaboilsm;Taurine;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effects of Tannic Acid on Performance and Fatty Acid Composition of Breast Muscle in Broiler Chickens Under Heat Stress, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2015, 14, 4, 3956  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Chronic oral administration of pine bark extract (flavangenol) attenuates brain and liver mRNA expressions of HSPs in heat-exposed chicks, Journal of Thermal Biology, 2016, 60, 140  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effect of phytase supplementation of diets with different levels of rice bran and non-phytate phosphorus on productive performance, egg quality traits, leukocytes profile and serum lipids of laying hens reared indoor under high environmental temperatures, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2015, 207, 222  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Effects of heat stress on the gene expression of nutrient transporters in the jejunum of broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), International Journal of Biometeorology, 2015, 59, 2, 127  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Effects of Taurine Supplementation on Heat Shock Protein 70 and In Vitro Protein Syntheses in Liver of Broiler Chicks under Chronic Heat Stress, Korean Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 43, 4, 213  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Effects of Addition of Electrolyte and Ascorbic Acid in Feed during Heat Stress in Buffaloes, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2010, 23, 7, 880  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Metabolism and distribution of p,p′-DDT during flight of the white-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2012, 31, 2, 336  crossref(new windwow)
8.
Hypothalamic gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone precursor mRNA is increased during depressed food intake in heat-exposed chicks, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 2012, 162, 3, 227  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
AOCS. 1989. Official Method Ce 2-66. Preparation of methyl esters of long-chain fatty acids. In: Official and Tentative Methods of the AOCS. American Oil Chemists' Society. Champaign IL

2.
Anderson, J. O., R. E. Warnick and R. K. Dalai. 1975. Replacing dietary methionine and cystine in chick diets with sulfate or other sulfur compounds. Poult. Sci. 54:1122-1128

3.
Andriamampandry, M. D., C. Leray, G. Gutbier, M. Freund, D. Cassel, J.-P. Cazenave and C. Gachet. 1996. Diets rich in saturated n-9 and n-3 fatty acids differentially affect the fatty acid composition of phospholipids and function of rat platelets. Platelets. 7:269-276 crossref(new window)

4.
Balkan, J., O. Kanbagli, G. Aykac-Toker and M. Uysal. 2002. Taurine treatment reduces hepatic lipids and oxidative stress in chronically ethanol-treated rats. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 25(9):1231-3 crossref(new window)

5.
Balkan, J., S. Dogru-Abbasoglu, O. Kanbagi, U. Cevikbas, G. Aykac-Toker and M. Uysal. 2001. Taurine has a protective effect against thioacetamide-induced liver cirrhosis by decreasing oxidative stress. Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 20(5):251-4 crossref(new window)

6.
Balnave, D. 1972. The influnce of environmental temperature on liver and carcase lipid content and hepatic lipogenic enzyme activity in the immature male chick. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. 15;43(1):109-17

7.
Belli, D. C., E. Levy, P. Darling, C. Leroy, G. Lepage, R. Gigure and C. C. Roy. 1987. Taurine improves the absorption of a fat meal in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics. 80(4):517-23

8.
Bligh, E. G. and W. J. Dyer. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol. 37:911-917

9.
Bonnet, S., P. A. Geraert, M. Lessire, B. Carre and S. Guillaumin. 1997. Effect of high ambient temperature on feed digestibility in broilers. Poult. Sci. 76(6):857-63

10.
Cantafora, A., A. Mantovani, R. Masella, L. Mechelli and D. Alvaro. 1986. Effect of taurine administration on liver lipids in guinea pig. Experientia. 15;42(4):407-8 crossref(new window)

11.
Cooper, M. A. and K. W. Washburn. 1998. The relationships of body temperature to weight gain, feed consumption, and feed utilization in broilers under heat stress. Poult. Sci. 77:237-242

12.
Fisher, C. 1984. Fat deposition in broilers. Page 437-470 in: Fats in Animal Nutrition. J. Wiesman, ed. Butterworths, London, UK

13.
Folch, J., M. Lees and G. H. Sloan-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissus. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-507

14.
Gandhi, V. M., K. M. Cherian and M. J. Mulky. 1992. Hypolipidemic action of taurine in rats. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 30(5):413-7

15.
Geraert, P. A., J. C. Padilha and S. Guillaumin. 1996. Metabolic and endocrine changes induced by chronic heat exposure in broiler chickens: growth performance, body composition and energy retention. Br. J. Nutr. 75(2):195-204 crossref(new window)

16.
Halliwell, B. and J. M. C. Gutteridge. 1989. Lipid peroxidation: a radical chain reaction. In: Free radicals in biology and medicine. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 188-218

17.
Hayes, K. C. 1976. A review on the biological function of taurine. Nutr. Rev. 34(6):161-165

18.
Herrmann, R. G. 1959. Effect of taurine, glycine and betasitosterols on serum and tissu cholesterol in the rat and rabbit. Circ. Res. 7(2):224-227

19.
Howlider, M. A. R. and S. P. Rose. 1987. Temperature and growth of broiler. World's Poult. Sci. J. 43:228-237 crossref(new window)

20.
Hurwitz, S., M. Weiselberg, U. Eisner, I. Bartov, G. Riesenfeld, M. Sharvit, A. Niv and S. Bornstein. 1980. The energy requirements and performance of growing chickens and turkeys as affected by environmental temperature. Poult. Sci. 59:2209-2299

21.
Huxtable, R. J. 1992. Physiological actions of taurine. Physiol. Rev. 72(1):101-63

22.
Keshavarz, K. and H. L. Fuller. 1980. The influnce of widely fluctuating temperatures on heat production and energetic efficiency of broilers. Poult. Sci. 59(9):2121-2128

23.
Kim, J. H. and G. H. Park. 2002. Effects of dietary taurine on the abdominal fat weight and serum and liver concentrations of cholesterol in broiler chicks. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.). 44(3):369-376

24.
Kocak-Toker, N., M. Giris, F. Tulubas, M. Uysal and G. Aykac-Toker. Peroxynitrite induced decrease in $Na^+$, $K^+$-ATPase activity is restored by taurine. 2005. World J. Gastroenterol. 21;11(23):3554-3557

25.
Li, J., R. H. Foote and M. Simkin. 1993. Development of rabbit zygotes cultured in protein-free medium with catalase, taurine, or superoxide dismutase. Biol. Reprod. 49(1):33-37 crossref(new window)

26.
Mahmoud, K. Z. and A. M. Yaseen. 2005. Effect of Feed Withdrawal and Heat Acclimatization on Stress Responses of Male Broiler and Layer-type Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18(10):1445-1450

27.
McKee, J. S., P. C. Harrison and G. L. Riskowski. 1997. Effects of supplemental ascorbic acid on the energy conversion of broiler chicks during heat stress and feed withdrawal. Poult. Sci. 76:1278-1286

28.
Moraes, V. M. B., R. D. Malheiros, V. Bruggeman, A. Collin, K. Tona, P. Van AS, O. M. Onagbesan, J. Buyse, E. Decuypere and M. Macari. 2003. Effect of thermal conditioning during embryonic development on aspects of physiological responses of broilers to heat stress. J. Therm. Biol. 28:133-140 crossref(new window)

29.
Murakami, S., Y. Kondo-Ohta and K. Tomisawa. 1999. Improvement in cholesterol metabolism in mice given chronic treatment of taurine and fed a high-fat diet. Life Sci. 64(1):83-91 crossref(new window)

30.
Park, G. H. and H. S. Choi. 1997. Effects of dietary taurine on growth of broiler chicks and its physiological mechanisms. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.). 39(2):124-134

31.
Park, T. S., K. S. Lee and Y. S. Um. 1998. Dietary taurine supplementation reduces plasma and liver cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. Nutr. Res. 18(9):1559-1571 crossref(new window)

32.
Petty, M. A., J. Kints and G. F. DiFrancesco. 1990. The effects of taurine on atherosclerosis development in cholesterol-fed rabbits. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 180(1):119-27 crossref(new window)

33.
Plavnik, I. and S. Yahav. 1998. Research notes: Effect of environmental temperature on broiler chickens subjected to growth restriction at an early age. Poult. Sci. 77(6):870-2

34.
Redmond, H. P., P. P. Stapleton, P. Neary and D. Bouchier-Hayes. 1998. Immunonutrition: the role of taurine. Nutr. 14(7-8):599-604 crossref(new window)

35.
SAS Institute Inc. 1999. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 6.12 edn. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina

36.
Smith, M. O. and G. G. Teeter. 1987. Influnce of feed intake and ambient temperature stress on the relative yield of broiler parts. Nutr. Rep. Int. 35:299-306

37.
Sonaiya, E. B. 1988. Fatty acid composition of broiler abdominal fat as influnced by temperature, diet, age, and sex. Br. Poult. Sci. 29:589-595 crossref(new window)

38.
Sturman, J. A. and K. C. Hayes. 1980. The biology of taurine in nutrition and development. In Harolk HD (de) Advances in Nutritional Research, vol. 3, New York: Plenum Press

39.
Sugiyama, K., A. Ohishi, T. Ohnuma and K. Muramatsu. 1989. Comparison between the plasma cholesterol-lowering effects of glycine and taurine in rats on high cholesterol diets. Agric. Bio. Chem. 53:1647-1652

40.
Swain, S. and D. J. Farrell. 1975. Effects of different temperature regimens on body composition and carry-over effects on energy metabolism of growing chickens. Poult. Sci. 54(2):513-20

41.
Takahashi, K., L. S. Jensen and S. L. Bolden. 1983. Diet composition, environmental temperature, and exogenous estradiol effects on hepatic lipid deposition in growing chicks. Poult. Sci. 63:524-531

42.
Wolfenson, D., Y. F. Frei, N. Snapir and A. Berman. 1981. Heat stress effects on capillary blood flow and its redistribution in the laying hen. Pflugers Arch. 390(1):86-93 crossref(new window)

43.
Yan, C. C., E. Bravo and A. Cantafora. 1993. Effect of taurine levels on liver lipid metabolism: an in vivo study in the rat. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 202(1):88-96

44.
Yokogoshi, H., H. Mochizuki, K. Nanami, Y. Hida, F. Miyachi and H. Oda. 1999. Dietary taurine enhances cholesterol degradation and reduces serum and liver cholesterol concentrations in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. J. Nutr. 129(9):1705-12