Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Diversity and Genetic Relationships among Seven West African Goat Breeds
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Diversity and Genetic Relationships among Seven West African Goat Breeds
Missohou, A.; Talaki, E.; Laminou, I. Maman;
  PDF(new window)
This study was carried out to determine the genetic relationships among seven west African goat breeds : Casamance Goat (Kolda, Senegal), Labe Goat (Fouta Djallon, Guinea), three Sahel Goat (Djoloff, Senegal ; Maradi, Niger; Gorgol, Mauritania) red Sokoto Goat (Maradi, Niger) and Guera goat (Atar, Mauritania).The polymorphism of six microsatellites and the -casein locus was analysed. The six microsatellite loci were polymorphic with a mean number of alleles ranging from 2.71 to 4.0. At the -casein locus, A and B were the most frequent alleles, which are known to be associated with a high level of protein synthesis. A neighbour-joining tree and a Principal Component Analysis were performed and the reliability of both methods was tested. Our study shows that the genetic relationships among the breeds analysed correspond to their geographical distribution and in addition, that the Labe Goat is strongly separated from the other breeds. Among the seven markers used, four have an effect on the distribution of breeds while three seem to be non-informative.
Goats;West Africa;Microsatellites;-Casein;Genetic Relationship;
 Cited by
A New Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the IGF-I Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in the Nanjiang Huang Goat,Zhang, Chunxiang;Zhang, Wei;Luo, Hailing;Yue, Wenbin;Gao, Mingyu;Jia, Zhihai;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1073-1079 crossref(new window)
Genetic Structure of Mongolian Goat Populations Using Microsatellite Loci Analysis,Takahashi, H.;Nyamsamba, D.;Mandakh, B.;Zagdsuren, Yo.;Amano, T.;Nomura, K.;Yokohama, M.;Ito, S.;Minezawa, M.;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 7, pp.947-953 crossref(new window)
Barker, J. S., S. S. Moore, D. J. S. Hetzel, D. Evans, S. G. Tan and K. Byrne. 1997. Genetic diversity of Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalus): microsatellite variation and a comparison with protein-coding loci. Anim. Genet. 28:103-115 crossref(new window)

Belkhir, K., P. Borsa, J. Goudet, L. Chikhi and F. Bonhomme. 1998. GENETIX, Windows software TM for population genetics (in French). Genome Laboratory, Populations, Interactions CNRS UMR 5000, University of Montpellier II, Montpellier (France)

Bevilacqua, C., P. Ferranti, G. Garro, C. Veltri, R. Lagonigro, C. Leroux, E. Pietrola, F. Addeo, F. Pilla, L. Chianese and P. Martin. 2002. Interallelic recombination is probably responsible for the occurrence of a new -casein variant found in the goat species. Europ. J. Biochem. 269:1293-1303 crossref(new window)

Budowle, B., R. Chakraborty, A. M. Giusti, A. J. Eisenberg and R. C. Allen. 1991. Analysis of the VNTR locus D1S80 by the PCR followed by high-resolution PAGE. Am. J. Human Genet. 48:137-144

Canon, J., M. L. Checa, C. Carleos, J. L. Vega-Pla, M. Vallejo and S. Dunner. 2000. The genetic structure of spanish Celtic horse breeds inferred from microsatellite data. Anim. Genet. 31:39-48 crossref(new window)

Chenyambuga, S. W., O. Hanotte, J. Horbo, P. C. Watts, S. J. Kemp, G. C. Kifaro, P. S. Gwakisa, P. H. Petersen and J. E. O. Rege. 2004. Genetic characterization of indigenous goats of Sub-Saharan Africa using microsatellite DNA markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:445-452

Chessel, D., A.-B. Dufour and J. Thioulouse. 2004. The ade4 package-I- One-table methods. R News 4:5-10

Doutressoulle, G. 1947. L'elevage en Afrique Occidentale Francaise. Larousse, Paris

Eding, J. H. and G. Laval. 1999. Measuring genetic uniqueness in livestock, in: (Ed. J. K. Oldenbroek), Genebanks and the conservation of farm animal genetic resources, DLO Inst. Anim. Sci. Health, Leylstad

Epstein, H. 1971. The origin of domestic animals of Africa. Vol II. Africana Publ. Corp. New York

Felsenstein, J. 1993. PHYLIP- Phylogeny Inference package, Version3.5. Department of Genetics, Washington University, Seattle, WA

Grosclaude, F., M. F. Mahe, G. Brignon, L. Di Stasio and R. Jeunet. 1987. A Mendelian polymorphism underlying quantitative variation of goat $\alpha_{s1}$-casein. Genet. Selec. Evol. 19:399-412

Grosclaude, F., G. Ricordeau, P. Martin, F. Remeuf, L. Vassal and J. Bouillon. 1994. From gene to cheese : goat $\alpha_{s1}$ casein polymorphism and its effects and evolutionevolution (in French). INRA Anim. Prod. 7:3-19

Hanotte, O., C. L. Tawah, D. G. Bradley, M. Okomo, Y. Verjee, J. Ochieng and J. E. O. Rege. 2000. Geographic distribution and frequency of a taurine Bos taurus and an indicine Bos indicus Y specific allele amongst sub-Saharan African cattle breeds. Molec. Ecol. 9:387-396 crossref(new window)

Hanotte,, O., D. G. Bradley, J. W. Ochieng, Y. Verjee, E. W. Hill and J. E. O. Rege. 2002. African pastoralism :genetic imprints of origins and migrations. Sci. 296:336-339 crossref(new window)

Ihaka, R. and R. Gentleman. 1996. R: A Language for Data Analysis and Graphics. J. Comput. Graphic. Stat. 5:299-314 crossref(new window)

ILRI. 1995. Characterise african cattle genetic resources using molecular genetics (in French). News letter of the International Livestock Reseach Institute (ILRI) July, 1995

Jeanpierre, M. 1987. A rapid method for the purification of DNA from blood. Nucleic Acid Research 15:9611

Jin, H-G., Z. Yu-min and Z. Guo-li. 2005. Analysis of microsatellite DNA polymorphism in five China native cattle breeds and application to population genetics studies. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1696-1700

Joshi, M. B., P. K. Rout, A. K. Mandal, C. Tyler-Smith, L. Singh and K. Thangaraj. 2004. Phylogeography and Origin of Indian Domestic goats. Molec. Biol. Evol. 21:454-462 crossref(new window)

Kane, M. 1995. Domestic animal breeds of Maurtitania (in French). Anim. Genet. Res. Infor. 15:3-25

Kantanen, J., I. Olsaker, L. E. Holm, S. Lien, J. Vilkki, K. Brusgaard, E. Eythorsdottir, B. Dannell and S. Adalsteinsson. 2000. Genetic diversity and population structure of 20 North European cattle breeds. J. Hered. 91:446-457 crossref(new window)

Laval, G., M. SanCristobal and C. Chevalet. 2002. Measuring genetic distances between breeds: use of some distances in various short term evolution models. Genet. Selec. Evol. 34:481-507

Li, C., Z. Wang, B. Liu, S. Yang, Z. Zhu, B. Fan, M. Yu, S. Zhao and K. Li. 2004. Evaluation of the genetic relationship among ten Chinese indigenous pig breeds with twenty-six microsatellite markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:441-444

Luikart, G., M. P. Biju-Duval, O. Ertugrul, Y. Zagdsuren, C. Maudet and P. Taberlet. 1999. Power of 22 microsatellite markers in fluorescent multiplexes for parentage testing in goat (Capra hircus). Anim. Genet. 30:431-438 crossref(new window)

Luikart, G., L. Gielly, L. Excoffier, J-D. Vigne, J. Bouvet and P. Taberlet. 2001. Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98:5927-5932

MacHugh, D. E., M. D. Shriver, R. T. Loftus, P. Cunningham and D. G. Bradley. 1997. Microsatellite DNA variation and the Evolution, Domestication and Phylogeography of Taurine and Zebu cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus). Genet. 146:1071-1086

Mahe, M. F. and F. Grosclaude. 1993. Polymorphism of $\alpha$-casein in the Creole goat of Guadeloupe: evidence for a null allele. Genet. Selec. Evol. 25:403-408

Mantel, N. 1967. The detection of disease clustering and generalized regression approach. Cancer Res. 27:209-220

Missohou, A. and E. H. Adakal. 2004. Current and perspective situation of a sustainable management of the bovine genetic resources of West Africa (in French). Proceedings of the 2004 Ouagadougou sustainable development conference Ouagadougou, Burkina -Faso pp. 429-435

Moazami-Goudarzi, K. and D. Laloe. 2002. Is a multivariate consensus representation of genetic relationships among populations always meaningful? Genet. 162:473-484

Ramuno, L., G. Cosenza, A. Rnafo, R. Illario, D. Gallo, D. D. Berardino and P. Masina. 2004. The goat $\alpha$S1-casein gene: gene structure and promoter analysis. Gene. 334:105-111 crossref(new window)

Raymond, M. and F. Rousset. 1995. GENEPOP Version 1.2. A population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J. Hered. 86:248-249

Rando, A., L. Ramuno and P. Masina. 2000. Mutations in casein genes. Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale 26:105-114

Reynolds, J., B. S. Weir and C. C. Cockerham. 1983. Estimation of the coancestry coefficient: basis for a short-term genetic distance. Genet. 105:767-779

SAS Institute. 2000 SAS/STAT, User's guide, version 8. SAS Institute, Carry, NC

Saitbekova, N., C. Gaillard, G. Obexer-Ruff and G. Dolf. 1999. Genetic diversity in Swiss goat breeds based on microsatellite analysis. Anim. Genet. 30:36-41 crossref(new window)

Selvi, P. K., J. M. Panandam, K. Yussoff and S. G. Tan. 2004. Molecular characterisation of the Mafriwal dairy cattle of Malaysia using microsatellite markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1366-1368

Sun, H. Z. J. Chang, Z. P. Ren, R. Q. Yang, S. X. Geng, L. Lu, Du and K. Tsunoda. 2004. Genetic differentiation between sheep and goats based on mecrosatillite DNA. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:583-587

Takezaki, N. and M. Nei. 1996. Genetic distances and reconstruction of phylogenetic trees from microsatellite DNA. Genet. 144:389-399

Wilson, R. T. 1992. Petits ruminants: production et ressources genetiques en Afrique tropicale. Etude FAO Production et Sante Animales $N^{\circ}88$, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy

Wang, X., H. H. Cao and S. M. Geng. 2004. Genetic diversity of 10 indigenous pig breeds in China by using microsatellite markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1219-1222

Yang, Z. P., H. Chang, W. Sun, R. Q. Gen, Y. J. Mao and K. Tsunoda. 2004. A comparison of two kinds of markers applied in analysis of genetic diversity. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:892-896

Yang, L., S. H. Zhao, K. Li, Z. Z. Peng and G. W. Montgomery. 1999. Determination of genetic relationships among five indigenous Chinese goat breeds with six microsatellite markers. Anim. Genet. 30:452-455 crossref(new window)

Yoon, D-H., H-S. Kong, J-D. Oh, J-H. Lee, B-W. Cho, J-D. Kim, K-J. Jeon, C-Y. Jo, G-J. Jeon and H-K. Lee. 2005. Establishment of an individual identification system based on microsatellite polymorphism in Korean cattle (Hanwoo). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:762-766

Zeder, M. A. and B. Hesse. 2000. The initial domestication of goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros mountains 10,000 years ago. Sci. 287:2254-2257 crossref(new window)