JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Daily Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Score, Milk Urea Nitrogen, Blood Glucose and Immunoglobulin in Holsteins
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Daily Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Score, Milk Urea Nitrogen, Blood Glucose and Immunoglobulin in Holsteins
Ahn, B.S.; Jeon, B.S.; Kwon, E.G.; Khan, M. Ajmal; Kim, H.S.; Ju, J.C.; Kim, N.S.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study estimated the effects of parity (1-3) and stage of lactation (early, mid and late) on daily milk yield (DMY), somatic cell score (SCS), milk urea nitrogen (MUN), blood glucose, and immunoglobulin G (IgG), their heritabilities and genetic correlations between them in Holsteins (n = 200). Means and standard deviations of DMY, SCS, MUN, blood glucose, and IgG in the experimental herd were , , , , and , respectively. DMY was the lowest in first parity, and in late lactation. SCS increased with parity; however, it was lowest in mid-lactation. MUN was lowest in first parity, and no difference was noted across stage of lactation. Blood glucose was similar between parities, however the highest blood glucose was observed during mid lactation. IgG level was significantly different between first and second parity; however, stage of lactation did not affect its level. Heritability of DMY was 0.16. Its genetic correlations with SCS and with blood glucose were -0.67 and 0.98, respectively. Heritability of SCS was 0.15. Genetic correlations of SCS with MUN, glucose, and IgG were -0.72, -0.59, and 0.68, respectively. Heritability of MUN was estimated to be 0.39 and had a genetic correlation of -0.35 with IgG. Heritabilities of blood glucose and IgG were 0.21 and 0.33, respectively. This study suggested that MUN, blood glucose and IgG could be considered important traits in future dairy selection programs to improve milk yield and its quality with better animal health and welfare. However, further studies are necessary involving more records to clarify the relationship between metabolic and immunological traits with DMY and its quality.
 Keywords
Genetic Parameters;SCS;MUN;Glucose;IgG;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ahn, B. S., E. G. Kwon, Y. L. Choi, Y. M. Cho, S. W. Kang and K. J. Na. 2001. Estimation of genetic parameter of somatic cell score in small herd of Holstein cattle. Kor. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. 43:609-614

2.
Ahn, B. S., E. G. Kwon, G. H. Suh, H. J. Lee and B. K. Park. 2005. Comparison of milk composition and blood metabolites between high and low producing cows. Kor. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. 47:11-18

3.
Ali, A. K. and G. E Shook. 1980. An optimum transformation for somatic cell counteraction in milk. J. Dairy Sci. 63:487-490

4.
Bering, L. M., M. J. Paape and R. R. Petters. 1993. Functional variation in endogenous and exogenous immunoglobulin binding to bovine neutrophils relative to parturition. Am. J. Vet. Res. 54:1145-1153

5.
Broderick, G. A. 1995. Use of milk urea as an indicator of nitrogen utilization in the lactating dairy cow. 1995. Research Summaries. http://www.dfrc.wisc.edu/rs95_pdfs/fu5.pdf. Accessed Oct. 18, 2005

6.
Butler, J. E. 1995. Antigen receptors, their immunomodulation and the immunoglobulin genes of cattle and swine. Livest. Prod. Sci. 42:105-121 crossref(new window)

7.
Castillo-Juarez, H., P. A. Oltenacu and E. G. Cienfuegos-Rivas. 2002. Genetic and phenotypic relationships among milk production and composition traits in primiparous Holstein cows in two different herd environments. Livest. Prod. Sci. 78:223-231 crossref(new window)

8.
Choi, Y. L., B. S. Ahn, G. H. Suh, J. S. Kim and N. S. Kim. 1999. Estimation of environmental effects and genetic parameters for somatic cell score in Holstein cows. Kor. J. Anim. Sci. 41:141-146

9.
Detilleux, J. C. 2002. Review. Genetic factors affecting susceptibility of dairy cows to udder pathogens. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:103-110 crossref(new window)

10.
Han, K. J., J. H. Ahn and D. H. Lee. 2004. Environmental and physiological factors on milk yields and compositions of Holstein cows in Korean J. Anim. Sci. Technol. 46:335-346

11.
Hojman, D., O. Kroll, G. Adin, M. Gips, B. Hanochi and E. Ezra. 2004. Relationships between milk urea and production, nutrition, and fertility traits in Israeli dairy Herds. J. Dairy Sci. 87:1001-1011

12.
Johann, C. D., K. J. Koehler, A. E. Freeman, M. E. Kehrli, Jr. and D. H. Kelley. 1994. Immunological parameters of periparturient Holstein cattle: Genetic Variation. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2640-2650

13.
Johnson, R. G. and A. J. Young. 2003. The Association between milk urea nitrogen and DHI production variables in Western commercial Dairy Herds. J. Dairy Sci. 86:3008-3015

14.
Kehrli, M. E. Jr. and D. E. Shuster. 1994. Factors affecting milk somatic cells and their role in health of the bovine mammary gland. J. Dairy Sci. 77:619-627

15.
Kelm, S. C., J. C. Detilleux, A. E. Freeman, M. E. Kehrli, Jr., A. B. Dietz, L. K. Fox, J. E. Butler, I. Kasckovics and D. H. Kelley. 1997. Genetic association between parameters of innate immunity and measures of mastitis in periparturient Holstein cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1767-1775

16.
Kovac, M. and E. Groeneveld. 2003. VCE-5 User's Guide and Reference Manual ver. 5.1

17.
Kwon, E. G., H. S. Kim, H. Y. Jeong, G. H. Suh, W. S. Lee, B. S. Ahn, J. S. Kim, K. J. Na and G. T. Nam. 2000. Technique development for high milk quality production. Annual Research Report, National Livestock Research Institute, Korea

18.
Larson, B. L., R. R. Anderson, R. J. Collier, A. J. Guidry, C. W. Heald, R. Jenness and H. A. Tucker. 1985. Lactation. The Iowa State University Press, Ames

19.
Mrode, R. A. and G. J. T. Swanson. 2003. Estimation of genetic parameters for somatic cell count in the first three lactations using random regression. Livest. Prod. Sci. 79:239-247 crossref(new window)

20.
Nash, D. L., G. W. Rogers, J. B. Copper, G. L. Hargrove and J. F. Keown. 2003. Heritability of intramammary infections at first parturition and relationships with sire transmitting abilities for somatic cell score, udder type traits, production life, and protein yield. J. Dairy Sci. 86:2684-2695

21.
National Research Council. 2001. Pages 260-280 in Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: 7th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Sci. Washington, DC

22.
Nishimura, K., S. Miura1 and M. Suzuki1. 2005. Genetic Relationships between MUN, and Predicted DCPun in Hokkaido Holstein Cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1209-1216

23.
Nordhaug, M. L., L. L. Nesse, N. L. Norcross and R. Gudding. 1994. A field trial with an experimental vaccine against Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in cattle. 2. Antibody Response. J. Dairy Sci. 7:1276-1284

24.
Othmane, M. H., L. F. De La Fuente, J. A. Carriedo and F. San Primitivo. 2002. Heritability and genetic correlations of test day milk yield and composition, individual laboratory cheese yield, and somatic cell count for dairy ewes. J. Dairy Sci. 85:2692-2698

25.
Odegard, J., G. Klemetsdal and B. Heringstad. 2003. Variance components and genetic trend for somatic cell count in Norwegian Cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci. 79:135-144 crossref(new window)

26.
Philipsson, J., G. Ral and B. Berglund. 1995. Somatic cell count as a criterion for mastitis resistance in dairy cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci. 41:195-200 crossref(new window)

27.
Riollet, C., P. Rainard and B. Poutrel. 2000. Differential induction of complement fragment C5a and inflammatory cytokines during intramammary infections with Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 7:161-167

28.
SAS institute Inc. 1999. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 8.1th ed. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC

29.
Sasaki, O., N. Yamamoto, K. Togashi, M. Minezawa, K. Ishii and H. Takeda. 2003. Use of plasma metabolite concentrations after glucose injection to predict the genetic ability of milk production in young calves. Japan Agric. Res. Quart. 37:133-140

30.
Smith, B. P. 2002. Large Animal Internal Medicine. 3rd ed. pp. 393. A Mosby Title, Harcourt Health Sciences

31.
Wattiaux, M. A., E. V. Nordheim and P. Crump. 2005. Statistical evaluation of factors and interactions affecting dairy herd improvement milk urea nitrogen in commercial mid-west dairy herds. J. Dairy Sci. 88:3020-3035

32.
Welper, R. D. and A. E. Freeman. 1992. Genetic parameters for yield traits of Holsteins, including lactose and somatic cell score. J. Dairy Sci. 75:1342-1348

33.
Wood, G. M., P. J. Boetcher, J. Jamrozik, G. B. Jansen and D. F. Kelton. 2003. Estimation of genetic parameters for concentrations of milk urea nitrogen. J. Dairy Sci. 86:2462-2469

34.
Yoon, J. T., J. H. Lee, C. K. Kim, Y. C. Chung and C.-H. Kim. 2004. Effects of Milk Production, Season, Parity and Lactation Period on Variations of Milk Urea Nitrogen Concentration and Milk Components of Holstein Dairy Cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:479-484