Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Dietary Glycine Betaine on Pork Quality in Different Muscle Types
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Dietary Glycine Betaine on Pork Quality in Different Muscle Types
Hur, Sun Jin; Yang, Han Sul; Park, Gu Boo; Joo, Seon Tea;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary glycine betaine on pork quality in different muscle types. A total of 80 female pigs () were randomly allotted into one of four experimental diet groups. Each group of pigs were fed a commercial diet (Control) with 0.2 g glycine betaine (T1), 0.4 g glycine betaine (T2) and 0.6 g% glycine betaine (T3)/kg for 40 days. pH of belly was significantly higher in the control than dietary glycine betaine groups at 13 days of storage, whereas pH of picnic shoulder and ham were significantly lower in control than glycine betaine groups. At 13 days of storage, redness (a*) of belly was significantly higher in control than dietary glycine betaine groups, whereas picnic shoulder and ham were significantly higher in glycine betaine groups than in the control. Water-holding capacities (WHC) of all muscle samples were significantly higher in the control than glycine betaine groups until 5 days of storage. Sarcomere length was significantly longer in the control than glycine betaine groups. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value of belly was much higher than other muscle types at 13 days of storage. In fatty acid composition, dietary glycine betaine increased the ratio of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and decreased unsaturated fatty acids (USFA) in loins.
Glycine Betaine;Muscle Types;Water-holding Capacity;Sarcomere Length;Fatty Acid;
 Cited by
Backfat Characteristics of Barrows and Gilts Fed on Tuna Oil Supplemented Diets during the Growing-finishing Periods,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1214-1219 crossref(new window)
Meat Quality, Digestibility and Deposition of Fatty Acids in Growing-finishing Pigs Fed Restricted, Iso-energetic Amounts of Diets Containing either Beef Tallow or Sunflower Oil,;;;;;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 7, pp.1015-1026 crossref(new window)
Metabolic, Osmoregulatory and Nutritional Functions of Betaine in Monogastric Animals,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2009. vol.22. 10, pp.1461-1476 crossref(new window)
Effects of Dietary Glycine Betaine on Growth and Pork Quality of Finishing Pigs,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2009. vol.22. 5, pp.706-711 crossref(new window)
Biswas, S., A. K. Das, R. Banerjee and N. Sharma. 2007. Effect of electrical stimulation on quality of tenderstretched chevon sides. Meat Sci. 75:342-346.

Cardogan, D. J., R. G. Campbell, D. Harrison and A. C. Edwards. 1993. The effects of betaine on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of female pigs. In: (Ed. E. S. Batterham) Manipulating Pig Production IV. p 219. Australasian Pig Science Association, Attwood, Victoria, Australia.

Cross, H. R., R. L. West and T. R. Dutson. 1980. Comparison of methods for measuring sarcomere length in beef semiteninosus muscle. Meat Sci. 5:261-266. crossref(new window)

Cross, H. R., R. Leu and M. F. Miller. 1987. Scope of warmedover flavor and its importance to the meat industry. In Warmed-Over Flavor of Meat, p. 1-18, (Ed. A. J. St. Angel and M. E. Bailey). Academic Press. Inc., Orlando, FL.

Feng, J., X. Liu, Y. Z. Wang and Z. R. Xu. 2006. Effects of betaine on performance, carcass characteristics and hepatic betainehomocysteine methyltransferase activity in finishing barrows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:402-405. crossref(new window)

Fernandez-Figares, I., D. Wray-Cahen, N. C. Steele, R. G. Campbell, D. D. Hall, E. Virtanen and T. J. Caperna. 2002. Effect of dietary betaine on nutrient utilization and partitioning in the young growing feed-restricted pig. J. Anim. Sci. 80:421-428. crossref(new window)

Fernandez, C., L. Gallego and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 1998. Effect of betaine on fat content in growing lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 73:329-338. crossref(new window)

Folch, J., M. Lees and G. H. Sloane-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-507.

Haydon, K. D., R. G. Campbell and T. J. Prince. 1995. Effect of dietary betaine additions and amino:calorie ratio on performance and carcass traits of finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl. 1), 83 (Abstr.).

Honikel, K. O. 1987. The water binding of meat. Fleischwirtschaft. 67:1098-1102.

Lawrence, B. V., A. P. Schincke, O. Adeola and K. Cera. 1995. Performance of pigs fed betaine from 60 to 110kg body weight. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl. 1), 195(Abstr.).

Lever, M., P. C. M. Sizeland, C. M. Frampton and S. T. Chambers. 2004. Short and long-term variation of plasma glycine betaine concentrations in humans. Clin. Biochem. 37:184-190. crossref(new window)

Matthews, J. O., L. L. Southern, A. D. Higbie, M. A. Persica and T. D. Bidner. 2001. Effects of betaine on growth, carcass characteristics, pork quality, and plasma metabolites of finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79:722-728. crossref(new window)

Matthews, J. O., L. L. Southern, J. E. Pontif, A. D. Higbie and T. D. Bidner. 1998. Interactive effects of betaine, crude protein, and net energy in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 76:2444-2455. crossref(new window)

NAMP. 1997. The Meat Buyers Guide. 3rd ed. Natl. Assoc. Meat Purveyors, Reston, VA.

Overland, M., K. A. Rorvik and A. Skrede. 1999. Effect of trimethylamine oxide and betaine in swine diet on growth performance, carcass characteristics, nutrient digestibility, and sensory quality of pork. J. Anim. Sci. 77:2143-2153. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1996. SAS/STAT Software for PC. Release 6.11, SAS Institute, Cary, NC. USA.

Saunderson, C. L and J. MacKinley. 1990. Changes in bodyweight, composition and hepatic enzyme activities in response to dietary methionine, betaine and choline levels in growing chicks. Br. J. Nutr. 63:339-349. crossref(new window)

Schafer, A., K. Rosenvold, P. P. Purslow, H. J. Andersen and P. Henckel. 2002. Physiological and structural events post mortem of importance for drip loss in pork. Meat Sci. 61:355-366. crossref(new window)

Smith, J. W., I. J. L. Nelssen, R. D. Goodband, M. D. Tokach, B. T. Richert, K. Q. Owen, J. R. Bergstrom and S. A. Blum. 1995. The effects of supplementing growing-finishing swine diets with betaine and(or) choline on growth and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl. 1), 83(Abstr.).

Swan, J. E. and J. A. Boles. 2002. Processing characteristics of beef roasts made from high and normal pH bull inside rounds. Meat Sci. 62:399-403. crossref(new window)

Yu, D. Y., Z. R. Xu and W. F. Li. 2004. Effects of betaine on growth performance and carcass characteristics in growing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1700-1704. crossref(new window)