Acar, N., E. T. Moran, Jr. and S. F. Bilgili. 1991. Live performance and carcass yield of male broilers from two commercial strain crosses receiving rations containing lysine below and above the established requirement between six and eight weeks of age. Poult. Sci. 70:2315-2321.
Adeola, O. and R. O. Ball. 1992. Hypothalamic neurotransmitter concentrations and meat quality in stressed pigs offered excess dietary tryptophan and tyrosine. J. Anim. Sci. 70:1888-1894.
Aftab, U., M. Ashraf, A. S. Mumtaz and Z. R. Jiang. 2007. Lysine requirement of broiler chickens fed low-density diets under tropical conditions. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:939-943.
Allen, C. D., S. M. Russell and D. L. Fletcher. 1997. The relationship of broiler breast meat color and pH to shelf-life and odor development. Poult. Sci. 76:1042-1046.
Alvarado, C. Z. and A.R. Sams. 2000. Rigor mortis development in turkey breast muscle and the effect of electrical stunning. Poult. Sci. 79:1694-1698.
Apple, J. K., C. V. Maxwell, B. deRodas, H. B. Watson and Z. B. Johnson. 2000. Effect of magnesium mica on performance and carcass quality of growing-finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 78:2135-2143.
Apple, J. K., C. V. Maxwell, D. C. Brown, K. G. Friesen, R. E. Musser, Z. B. Johnson and T. A. Armstrong. 2004. Effects of dietary lysine and energy density on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs fed ractopamine. J. Anim. Sci. 82:3277-3287.
Barbut, S. 1993. Color measurements for evaluating the pale soft exudative (PSE) occurrence in turkey meat. Food Res. Int. 26:39-43.
Boleman, S. J., R. K. Miller, M. J. Buyck, H. R. Cross and J. W. Savell. 1996. Influence of realimentation of mature cows on maturity, color, collagen solubility, and sensory characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2187-2194.
Boulianne, M. and A. J. King. 1995. Biochemical and color characteristics of skinless boneless pale chicken breast. Poult. Sci. 74:1693-1698.
Boulianne, M. and A. J. King. 1998. Meat color and biochemical characteristics of unacceptable dark-colored broiler chicken carcasses. J. Food. Sci. 63:759-762.
Brandt, R. T. Jr., G. L. Kuhl, R. E. Campbell, C. L. Kastner and S. L. Stroda. 1992. Effects of steam-flaked sorghum grain or corn and supplemental fat on feedlot performance, carcass traits, longissimus composition, and sensory properties of steers. J. Anim. Sci. 70:343-348.
Bruce, H. L., R. O. Ball and D. N. Mowat. 1991. Effects of compensatory growth on protein metabolism and meat tenderness of beef steers. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 71:659-668.
Cameron, N. D., J. C. Penman, A. C. Fisken, G. R. Nute, A. M. Perry and J. D. Wood. 1999. Genotype with nutrition interactions for carcass composition and meat quality in pig genotypes selected for components of efficient lean growth rate. Anim. Sci. 69:69-80.
Carpenter, C. E., M. B. Solomon, G. D. Snowder, N. E. Cockett and J. R. Busboom. 1997. Effects of electrical stimulation and conditioning, calcium chloride injection and aging on the acceptability of callipyge and normal lamb. Sheep Goat Res. J. 13:127-134.
Castaneda, M. P., E. M. Hirschler and A. R. Sams. 2005. Early postmortem carcass trim effects on the tenderness of broiler breast fillet. Poult. Sci. 84:951-954.
Clare, T. L., S. P. Jackson, M. F. Miler, C. T. Elliott and C. B. Ramcey. 1997. Improving tenderness of normal and callipyge lambs with calcium chloride. J. Anim. Sci. 75:377-385.
Clarke, S. D. 2000. Polyunsaturated fatty acid regulation of gene transcription: a mechanism to improve energy balance and insulin resistance. Br. J. Nutr. 83(Suppl. 1):59-66.
Dilger, R. N., C. Martinez Amezcua, P. B. Pillai, J. L. Emmert, C. M. Parsons and D. H. Baker. 2006. Effect of Reciprocating dietary lysine fluctuations on chick growth and carcass yield. Poult. Sci. 85:1226-1231.
Dozier, W. A., E. T. Moran, Jr. and W. T. Kidd. 2000. Response of fast- and slow- feathering male broilers to dietary threonine during 42 to 56 days of age. J. Applied Poult. Res. 9:460-467.
D'Souza, D. N., R. D. Warner, B. J. Leury and F. R. Dunshea. 1998. The effect of dietary magnesium aspartate supplementation on pork quality. J. Anim. Sci. 76:104-109.
Du, M. and D. U. Ahn. 2002. Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the growth rate of live birds and on the abdominal fat content and quality of broiler meat. Poult. Sci. 81:428-433
Edens, F. W. 1997. Potential for organic selenium to replace selenite in poultry diets. Zootecn. Int. 20:28-31.
El Rammouz, R., R. Babilé and X. Fernandez. 2004. Effect of ultimate pH on the physicochemical and biochemical characteristics of turkey breast muscle showing normal rate of postmortem pH fall. Poult. Sci. 83:1750-1757.
Ettle, T., D. A. Roth-Maier and F. X. Roth. 2003. Effect of apparent ileal digestible lysine to energy ratio on performance of finishing pigs at different dietary metabolizable energy levels. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 87:269-279.
Fletcher, D. L. 1999. Broiler breast meat color variation, pH and meat texture. Poult. Sci. 78:1323-1327.
Fletcher, D. L. 2002. Poultry meat quality. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 58:131-145.
Fletcher, D. L., M. Qiao and D. P. Smith. 2000. The relationship of raw broiler breast meat color and pH to cooked meat color and pH. Poult. Sci. 79:784-788.
Geay, Y., D. Bauchart, J.-F. Hocquette and J. Culioli. 2001. Effect of nutritional factors on biochemical, structural and metabolic characteristics of muscles in ruminants, consequences on dietetic value and sensorial qualities of meat. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 41:1-26.
Gong, L. M., C. H. Lai, S. Y. Qiao, D. F. Li, Y. X. Ma and Y. L. Liu. 2005. Growth performance, carcass characteristics, nutrient digestibility and serum biochemical parameters fed low-protein diets supplemented with various ratios of threonine to lysine. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1164-1170.
Grizard, J., B. Picard, D. Dardevet, M. Balage and C. Rochon. 1999. Regulation of muscle growth and development. In Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (Ed. G. E. Lobley, A. White and J. C. MacRae). EAAP Publ. 96, Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 177-201
Grizard, J., D. Dardevet, I. Papet, L. Mosoni, P. Patureau-Mirand, D. Attaix, I. Tauveron, D. Bonin and M. Arnal. 1995. Nutrient regulation of skeletal muscle protein metabolism in animals. The involvement of hormones and substrates. Nutr. Res. Rev. 8:67-91.
Hidalgo, M. A., W. A. Dozier, III, A. J. Davis and R. W. Gordon. 2004. Live performance and meat yield responses of broilers to progressive concentrations of dietary energy maintained at a constant metabolizable energy-to-crude protein ratio. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 13:319-327.
Khan, A. W. 1974. Relation between isometric tension, postmortem pH decline and tenderness of poultry breast meat. J. Food Sci. 39:393-395.
Kidd, M. T., B. J. Kerr, K. M. Halpin, G. W. Meward and C. L. Quarles. 1998. Lysine levels in starter and grower finisher diets affect broiler performance and carcass traits. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 7:351-358.
Leclercq, B. and R. Escartin. 1987. Further investigations on the effects of metabolisable energy content of diet on broiler performances. Archiv für Geflugelkunde. 51:93-96.
Lister, D., R. A. Sair, J. A. Will, G. R Schmidt, R. G. Cassens, W. G. Hoekstra and E. J. Briskey. 1970. Metabolism of striated muscle of 'stress-susceptible'pigs breathing oxygen or nitrogen. Am. J. Physiol. 218:102-107.
Livingston, D. J. and W. D. Brown. 1981. The chemistry of myoglobin and its reactions. Food Technol. 35:244-252.
Lohakare, J. D., J. Y. Choi, J. K. Kim, J. S. Yong, Y. H. Shim, T.-W. Hahn and B. J. Chae. 2005. Effects of dietary combinations of vitamin A, E and methionine on growth performance, meat quality and immunity in commercial broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:516-523.
Lopez, G. and S. Leeson. 2005. Utilization of metabolizable energy by young broilers and birds of intermediate growth rate. Poult. Sci. 84:1069-1076.
Lyon, B. G., D. P. Smith, C. E. Lyon and E. M. Savage. 2004. Effects of diet and feed withdrawal on the sensory descriptive and instrumental profiles of broiler breast fillets. Poult. Sci. 83:275-281.
Moran, E. T. Jr. 1997. Response of broilers to added dietary fat and pellet quality. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Faaborg, Denmark, pp. 7-10.
Moran, E. T. Jr. 1999. Live production factors influencing yield and quality of poultry meat (Ed. R. I. Richardson and G. C. Mead). Poult. Meat Sci. CABI, UK, pp. 179-195.
Moran, E. T. Jr. and S. F. Bilgili. 1990. Processing losses, carcass quality, and meat yields of broiler chickens receiving diets marginally deficient to adequate in lysine prior to marketing. Poult. Sci. 69:702-710.
Mugler, D. J. and F. E. Cunningham. 1972. Factors affecting poultry meat color - a review. World's Poult. Sci. J. 28(4):400-406.
Nahashon, S. N., N. Adefope, A. Amenyenu and D. Wright. 2005. Effects of dietary metabolizable energy and crude protein concentrations on growth performance and carcass characteristics of French guinea broilers. Poult. Sci. 84:337-344.
National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. edn. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
Noy, Y. and D. Sklan. 2004. Effects of metabolizable energy and amino acid levels on turkey performance from hatch to marketing. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 13:241-252.
Offer, G. and P. Knight. 1988. The structural basis of waterholding in meat. General principles and water uptake in meat processing. In Developments in Meat Science. Elsevier Applied Science Publishing Co., Inc., New York, NY, pp. 63-171.
Owens, C. M., N. S. Matthews and A. R. Sams. 2000. The use of halothane gas to identify turkeys prone to developing pale, exudative meat when transported before slaughter. Poult. Sci. 79:789-795.
Ranken, M. D. 1976. The water holding capacity of meat and its control. Chem. Ind. 18:1052-1057.
Remignon, H. and E. L. Bihan-Duval. 2003. Meat quality problems associated with selection for increased production. In Poultry Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology (Ed. W. M. Muir and S. E. Aggrey). CABI publishing, UK.
Rosenvold, K., B. Essen-Gustavsson and H. J. Andersen. 2003. Dietary manipulation of pro- and macroglycogen in porcine skeletal muscle. J. Anim. Sci. 81:130-134.
Rosenvold, K., J. S. Petesen, H. N. Laerke, S. K. Jensen, M. Therkildsen, A. H. Karlsson, H. S. Moller and H. J. Anderse. 2001. Muscle glycogen stores and meat quality as affected by strategic finishing feeding of slaughter pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79:382-391.
Rostagno, H. S. and M. Pack. 1995. Growth and breast meat responses of different broiler strains to dietary lysine. In Proceedings of the 10th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 260-262.
Ruiz, J. A., A. M. Perez-Vendrell and E. Esteve-Garcia. 2000. Effect of dietary iron and copper on performance and oxidative stability in broiler leg meat. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:163-167.
Santoso, U. 2002. Effects of early feed restriction on breast and leg meat composition and plasma lipid concentration in unsexed broiler chickens reared in cages. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. 15:1475-1481.
Sanz, M., A. Flores and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 2000. The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:61-68.
SAS Institute Inc. 1998. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Statistics. Version 7.0. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
Shyam Sunder, G., Ch. Vijaya Kumar, A. K. Panda, M. V. L. N. Raju, S. V. Rama Rao, N. C. S. Gopinath and M. R. Reddy. 2007. Restriction of metabolizable energy in broiler growers and its impact on grower and breeder performance. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:1258-1265.
Skarovsky, C. J. and A. R. Sams. 1999. Tenderness, moisture loss and post-mortem metabolism of broiler pectoralis muscle from electrically stimulated and air chilled carcases. Br. Poult. Sci. 40:622-625.
Smith, D. P., C. E. Lyon and B. G. Lyon. 2002. The effect of age, dietary carbohydrate source, and feed withdrawal on broiler breast fillet color. Poult. Sci. 81:1584-1588.
Smith, J. H. 1963. Relation of body size to muscle cell size and number in the chicken. Poult. Sci. 42:283-290.
Sonaiya, E. B., M. Ristic and F. W. Klein. 1990. Effect of environmental temperature, dietary energy, age and sex on broiler carcase portions and palatability. Br. Poult. Sci. 31:121-128.
Stoller, G. M., H. N. Zerby, S. J. Moeller, T. J. Baas, C. Johson and L. E. Watkins. 2003. The effect of feeding ractopamine (Paylean) on muscle quality and sensory characteristics in three diverse genetic lines of swine. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1508-1516,
Tesseraud, S., E. Le Bihan-Duval, R. Peresson, J. Michel and A. M. Chagneau. 1999. Response of chick lines selected on carcass quality to dietary lysine supply: Live performance and muscle development. Poult. Sci. 70:80-84.
Tesseraud, S., N. Maaa, R. Peresson and A. M. Chagneau. 1996a. Relative responses of protein turnover in three different skeletal muscles to dietary lysine deficiency in chicks. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:641-650.
Tesseraud, S., R. Peresson, J. Lopes and A. M. Chagneau. 1996b. Dietary lysine deficiency greatly affects muscle and liver protein turnover in growing chickens. Br. J. Nutr. 75:853-865.
Tesseraud, S., S. Temin, E. Le Bihan-Duval and A. M. Chagneau. 2001. Increased responsiveness to dietary lysine deficiency of pectoralis major muscle protein turnover in broilers selected on breast development. J. Anim. Sci. 79:927-933.
Urynek, W. and L. Buraczewska. 2003. Effect of dietary energy concentration and apparent ileal digestible lysine: Metabolizable energy ratio on nitrogen balance and growth performance of young pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1227-1236.
Wismer-Perdersen, J. 1986. Chemistry of animal tissues: Water. In the Science of Meat and Meat Products (Ed. J. F. Price and B. S. Schweigert). Food and Nutrition Press, Inc. Westport, CN, pp. 141-154.
Wood, J. D. 1993. Consequences of changes in carcass composition on meat quality. In Recent Development in Pig Nutrition (Ed. D. J. A. Cole, W. Haresign and P. C. Garnsworthy). Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK, pp. 20-29.
Yalcin, S., S. Ozkan, Z. AcikgOz and K. Ozkan. 1998. Influence of dietary energy on bird performance, carcase parts yields and nutrient composition of breast meat of heterozygous naked neck broilers reared at natural optimum and summer temperatures. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:633-638.
Yang, C. C. and T. C. Chen. 1993. Effect of refrigerated storage, pH adjustment, and marinade on color of raw and microwave cooked chicken meat. Poult. Sci. 72:355-362.