Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Replacing Soy-oil with Soy-lecithin on Growth Performance, Nutrient Utilization and Serum Parameters of Broilers Fed Corn-based Diets
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Replacing Soy-oil with Soy-lecithin on Growth Performance, Nutrient Utilization and Serum Parameters of Broilers Fed Corn-based Diets
Huang, Jin; Yang, Dandan; Wang, Tian;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to examine the effects of different soy-oil and soy-lecithin levels on growth performance, nutrient utilization and serum parameters in broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Arbor Acres chicks were randomly divided into 4 groups and treated as follows: basal diet with 2% soy-oil (SO); soy-oil and soy-lecithin mixture in proportion of 75/25 (SOL1), 50/50 (SOL2) and 2% lecithin (SL). At the end of the trial (42 d), birds in SOL1 group grew faster (p<0.05) and had better feed conversion efficiency (p<0.05) than other groups while SL group had the lowest performance (p<0.05). The utilization of ether extract was improved in SOL1 group (p<0.05) but apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and utilization of other nutrients decreased in SOL2 and SL group from 19 to 21 d. No significant effects were observed in apparent metabolizable energy, dry matter, crude protein and ether extract but the utilization of calcium and phosphorus was significantly improved in SL group (p<0.05) during 39 to 42 d. The birds fed with lecithin had lower serum total cholesterol and triglyceride than the control group (SO). Broilers fed with 2% lecithin (SL) had the highest insulin level (p<0.05). The results implied that soy-lecithin and soy-oil in a proportion of 25:75 had the highest growth performance and that soy-lecithin had cholesterol lowering capacity.
Soy-lecithin;Soy-oil;Chicken;Performance;Serum Parameter;
 Cited by
Green Tea Polyphenols Alleviate Obesity in Broiler Chickens through the Regulation of Lipid-Metabolism-Related Genes and Transcription Factor Expression, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2013, 61, 36, 8565  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of epigallocatechin gallate on lipid metabolism and its underlying molecular mechanism in broiler chickens, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2014, 99, 4, 719  crossref(new windwow)
Lower ω-6/ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Ratios Decrease Fat Deposition by Inhibiting Fat Synthesis in Gosling, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2016, 29, 10, 1443  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of lipid sources, lysophospholipids and organic acids in maize-based broiler diets on nutrient balance, liver concentration of fat-soluble vitamins, jejunal microbiota and performance, British Poultry Science, 2016, 57, 6, 788  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of Soy Lecithin on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Hepatic Antioxidant Parameters of Broiler Chickens, International Journal of Pharmacology, 2017, 13, 4, 396  crossref(new windwow)
Evaluation of essential oil or/and emulsifier in low energy density diets on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood cholesterol and meat quality in finishing pigs, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2017, 16, 4, 624  crossref(new windwow)
PERFORMANCE OF BROILERS FED DIFFERENT DIETARY CHOLINE SOURCES AND LEVELS, Ciência Animal Brasileira, 2017, 18, 0  crossref(new windwow)
Emulsifiers in the poultry industry, World's Poultry Science Journal, 2017, 73, 03, 611  crossref(new windwow)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists 15th. Arlington, Washington, DC.

Atteh, J. O. and S. Leeson. 1984. Effects of dietary saturated or unsaturated fatty acids and calcium levels on performance and mineral metabolism of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 63:2252-2260.

Atteh, J. O. and S. Leeson. 1985. Response of laying hens to dietary saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in the presence of varying dietary calcium levels. Poult. Sci. 64:520-528.

Atteh, J. O., S. Leeson and R. J. Julian. 1983. Effects of dietary levels and types of fat on performance and mineral metabolism of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 62:2403-2411.

Azman, M. A. and M. Ciftci. 2004. Effects of replacing dietary fat with lecithin on broiler chicken zootechnical performance. Revue. Med. Vet. 155:445-448.

Chae, B. J., J. D. Lohakare and J. Y. Choi. 2006. Effects of incremental levels of $\alpha$-tocopherol acetate on performance, nutrient digestibility and meat quality of commercial broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:203-208.

Choi, Jinho, Jungmin Song, Yeon-Mi Choi, Dong-Ju Jang, Eunmi Kim, Inho Kim and Kew-Mahn Chee. 2006. Daidzein modulations of apolipoprotein B and fatty acid synthase mRNA expression in chick liver vary depending on dietary protein levels. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:236-244.

Christine Lawhon. 2007. Lecithin supplement's effectiveness in weight loss. htm

Cox, W. R., S. J. Richie, M. Sifri, B. Bennett and D. D. Kitts. 2000. The impact of replacing dietary fat with lecithinon broiler chicken performance. Poult. Sci. 79:67.

Coutteau, P., I. Gem-den, M. R. Camara, P. Bergot and P. Sorgeloos. 1997. Review on the dietary effects of phospholipids in fish and crustacean larviculture. Aquac. 155:149-164. crossref(new window)

Dei, H. K., S. P. Rose and A. M. Mackenzie. 2006. Apparent metabolisable energy and digestibility of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) fat, cocoa (Theobroma cacao) fat and soybean oil in broiler chicks. Br. Poult. Sci. 47:607-612. crossref(new window)

Emmert, J. L., T. A. Garrow and D. H. Baker. 1996. Development of an experimental diet for determining bioavailable choline concentration and its application in studies with soybean lecithin. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2738-2744.

Greten, H., H. Raetzer, A. Stiehl and G. Schettler. 1980. The effect of polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine on plasma lipids and fecal sterol excretion. Atherosclerosis 36:81-88. crossref(new window)

Harry, D., Griffin, Kunda Guo, Dawn Windsor and Simon C Butterwith. 1992. Adipose tissue lipogenesis and fat deposition in leaner broiler chickens. Nutr. 122:363-368.

Hillgartner, F. B., L. M. Salati and A. G. Goodridge. 1995. Physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in nutritional regulation of fatty acid synthesis. Physiological Reviews. 75:47-76.

Holland, J. L., D. S. Kronfeld, G. A. Rich and K. A. Kline. 1998. Acceptance of fat and lecithin containing diets by horses. Applied Anim. Behav. Sci. 56:91-96. crossref(new window)

Ipatova, O. M., N. N. Prozorovskaia, T. I. Torkhovskaia, V. S. Baranova and D. A. Guseva. 2004. Biological effects of the soybean phospholipids. Biomed. Khim. 50:436-450.

Jenkins, T. C. and N. Fotouhi. 1990. Effects of lecithin and corn oil on site of digestion, ruminal fermentation and microbial protein synthesis in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 68:460-466.

Jenkins, T. C., T. Gimenez and D. L. Cross DL. 1989. Influence of phospholipids on ruminal fermentation in vitro and on nutrient digestion and serum lipids in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 67:529-537.

Jin, C. F., J. H. Kim, In K. Han, H. J. Jing and C. H. Kwon. 1998. Effects of various fat sources and lecithin on the growth performances and nutrient utilization in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 11:176.

Jones, D. B., J. D. Hancock, D. L. Harmon and C. E. Walker. 1992. Effects of exogenous emulsifiers and fat sources on nutrient digestibility, serum lipids, and growth performance in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3473-3482.

Kenneth, K., M. Liu, Frederic T. Barrows, Ronald W. Hardy and Faye M. Dong. 2004. Body composition, growth performance, and product quality of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets containing poultry fat, soybean/corn lecithin, or menhaden oil. Aquac. 238:309-328. crossref(new window)

Knarreborg, A., C. Lauridsen, R. M. Engberg and S. K. Jensen. 2004. Dietary antibiotic growth promoters enhance the bioavailability of alpha-tocopheryl acetate in broilers by altering lipid absorption. J. Nutr. 134:1487-1492.

Krogdahl, A. and J. L. Sell. 1989. Influence of age on lipase, amylase, and protease activities in pancreatic tissue and intestinal contents of young turkeys. Poult. Sci. 68:1561-1568.

Kussaibati, R., J. Guillaume and B. Leclercq. 1982. The effects of age, dietary fat and bile salts, and feeding rate on apparent and true metabolisable energy values in chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 23:393-403. crossref(new window)

Lechowski, R., W. Bielecki, E. Sawosz, M. Krawiec and W. Klucinski. 1999. The effect of lecithin supplementation on the biochemical profile and morphological changes in the liver of rats fed different animal fats. Vet. Res. Commun. 23:1-14. crossref(new window)

Leeson, S. and J. O. Atteh. 1995. Utilization of fats and fatty acids by turkey poults. Poult. Sci. 74:2003-2010.

Lough, D. S., M. B. Solomon, T. S. Rumsey, T. H. Elsasser, L. L. Slyter, S. Kahl and G. P. Lynch. 1991. Effects of dietary canola seed and soy lecithin in high-forage diets on performance, serum lipids, and carcass characteristics of growing ram lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 69:3292-3298.

Meng, X., B. A. Slominski and W. Guenter. 2004. The effect of fat type, carbohydrase, and lipase addition on growth performance and nutrient utilization of young broilers fed wheat-based diets. Poult. Sci. 83:1718-1727.

Nationl Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. Washington, DC., USA: National Academy Press.

Nishimukai, M., H. Hara and Y. Aoyama. 2003. The addition of soybean phosphatidylcholine to triglyceride increases suppressive effects on food intake and gastric emptying in rats. J. Nutr. 133:1255-1258.

Noy, Y. and D. Sklan. 1995. Digestion and absorption in the young chick. Poult. Sci. 74:366-373.

Oosthuizen, W., H. H. Vorster, W. J. Vermaak, C. M. Smuts, J. C. Jerling, F. J. Veldman and H. M. Burger. 1998. Lecithin has no effect on serum lipoprotein, plasma fibrinogen and macro molecular protein complex levels in hyperlipidaemic men in a double-blind controlled study. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 52:419-424. crossref(new window)

Overland. M., Z. Mroz and F. Sundstol. 1994. Effect of lecithin on the apparent ileal and overall digestibility of crude fat and fatty acids in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2022-2028.

Polin, D., T. L. Wing, P. Ki and K. E. Pell. 1980. The effect of bile acids and lipase on absorption of tallow in young chicks. Poult. Sci. 59:2738-2743.

Rosebrough, R. W., B. A. Russell, S. M. Poch and M. P. Richards. 2004. Methimazole, thyroid hormone replacement, and lipogenic enzyme gene expression in broilers. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C. 139:189-194.

Ristic, M. D., V. Ristic, A. Arsic, M. Postic, C. Ristic, M. V. Blazencic and J. Tepsic. 2006. Effects of soybean D-LeciVita product on serum lipids and fatty acid composition in type 2 diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia. Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc Dis. 16:395-404. crossref(new window)

Ristic, M. D., V. Ristic and V. Tepsic. 2003. Effect of soybean Leci-Vita product on serum lipids and fatty acid composition in patients with elevated serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Nutr. Res. 23:465-477. crossref(new window)

Samsonov, M. A., A. V. Vasil'ev, G. R. Pokrovskaia, A. V. Pogozheva, I. Moskvicheva, T. I. Timofeenko and E. P. Kornena. 1997. Clinical and metabolic effects of biological active food additives--phospholipids--in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Vopr. Pitan. 3:35-38.

Shin, J., Y. J. Kim, M. S. Choi, D. H. Woo and T. Park. 2004. Phytosterols and lecithin do not have an additive effect in lowering plasma and hepatic cholesterol levels in diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats. Biofactors. 22:173-175. crossref(new window)

Soares, M. and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 2002. Effects of dietary lecithin and fat unsaturation on nutrient utilisation in weaned piglets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 95:169-177. crossref(new window)

Spilburg, C. A., A. C. Goldberg, J. B. McGill, W. F. Stenson, S. B. Racette, J. Bateman, T. B. McPherson and R. E. Ostlund Jr. 2003. Fat-free foods supplemented with soy stanol-lecithin powder reduce cholesterol absorption and LDL cholesterol. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 103:577-581. crossref(new window)

Theil, P. K. and C. Lauridsen. 2007. Interactions between dietary fatty acids and hepatic gene expression in livers of pigs during the weaning period. Livest. Sci. 108:26-29. crossref(new window)

Thomas, A. Wilson, Craig M. Meservey and Robert J. Nicolosi. 1998. Soy lecithin reduces plasma lipoprotein cholesterol and early atherogenesis in hypercholesterolemic monkeys and hamsters: beyond linoleate. Atherosclerosis 140:147-153. crossref(new window)

Tompkins, R. K. and L. G. Parkin. 1980. Effects of long-term ingestion of soya phospholipids on serum lipids in humans. Am. J. Surg. 140(3):360-364. crossref(new window)

Wang, Ruojun, Defa Li, Wenjun Yang and Yingxin Gao. 1999. Effects of soybean lecithin on broiler performance. Feed Industry 20:8-10.

Zulkifli, I., Nwe Nwe Htin, A. R. Alimon, T. C. Loh and M. Hair-Bejo. 2007. Dietary Selection of Fat by Heat-stressed Broiler Chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:245-251.