JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Lacquer (Rhus verniciflua) Meal Supplementation on Layer Performance
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Lacquer (Rhus verniciflua) Meal Supplementation on Layer Performance
Yang, Y.X.; Lohakare, J.D.; Chae, B.J.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Two experiments were conducted to see the effects of lacquer meal (Rhus verniciflua) on layer performance. In Exp. 1, seventy-two Hy-Line brown layers, 46 wk of age were fed 0, 1.5% and 3.0% lacquer added diets for 6 weeks. Diets contained 2,650 kcal/kg ME and 16.50% CP. In Exp. 2, high-energy diets were fed to 72 Hy-line brown layers of 46 wk age for 6 wk. The diets were: control (3,000 kcal/kg ME and 16.50% CP); T1 and T2 contained 1.5 and 3.0% lacquer respectively, in addition to high energy levels. Each treatment had four replicates with 6 birds each in both the experiments. During Exp.1, there was no effect on average daily feed intake, egg production and feed efficiency, however, egg weight was linearly (p=0.0128) decreased with the addition of lacquer in diets. The egg quality parameters measured at bi-weekly intervals did not reveal any particular trend. In Exp 2., high-energy diets have decreased the feed intake and egg production in all groups. However, feeding lacquer at 1.5% increased the egg production by 9% than control. The yolk fat content was increased due to treatments showing quadratic trend (p=0.0683). The liver fat content was decreased by 40-43% than control in lacquer added diets. Except palmitic, oleic and arachidonic acids, some yolk fatty acids showed a linear decreasing trend in lacquer diets. The serum triglycerides and total cholesterol levels were not influenced with lacquer in the diets; however, the serum glucose level was linearly decreased with the addition of lacquer. In conclusion, lacquer meal supplementation significantly affected the performance of layers fed high-energy diets.
 Keywords
Layers;Lacquer;Liver;Egg Production;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effects of Lacquer (Rhus verniciflua) Meal on Carcass Traits, Fatty Acid Composition and Meat Quality of Finishing Pigs,;;;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1207-1213 crossref(new window)
2.
Effect of Olive Leaf (Olea europaea) Powder on Laying Hens Performance, Egg Quality and Egg Yolk Cholesterol Levels,;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2015. vol.28. 4, pp.538-543 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
AOAC. 1990. Official method of analysis (15th ed). Association of Offical Analytical Chemists. Arlington, VA.

2.
Aydin, R. 2005. Type of fatty acids, lipoprotein secretion from liver and fatty liver syndrome in laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4:917-919. crossref(new window)

3.
Eisen, E. J., B. B. Bohren and` H. E. McKean. 1962. The Haugh unit as a measure of egg albumen quality. Poult. Sci. 41:1461-1468.

4.
Fowler, N. G. 1996. Nutritional disorders. In: Poultry diseases, 4th (Ed. F. T. W. Jordan and M. Pattison). W.B. Saunders, London, England, pp: 306-331.

5.
Hargis, P. S., M. E. Van Elswyk and B. M. Hargis. 1991. Dietary modification of yolk lipid with menhaden oil. Poult. Sci. 70:874-883.

6.
Harms, R. H., G. B. Russel and D. K. Sloan. 2000. Performance of four strains of commercial layers with major changes in dietary energy. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 9:535-541.

7.
Hong, D. H., S. B. Han, C. W. Lee, S. H. Park, Y. J. Jeon, M. J. Kim, S. S. Kwak and H. M. Kim. 1999. Cytotoxicity of urushiols from sap of Korean lacquer tree (Rhus verniciflua Stokes). Arch. Pharm. Res. 22:638-641. crossref(new window)

8.
Jung, N. C. 1998. Biological activity of urushiol and flavanoids from Lac tree (Rhus verniciflua Stokes). Ph.D. Thesis, Chonnam National University, Kwang-Ju, South Korea.

9.
Kim, T. J. 1996. Korea Resource Plants, Vol. II. Seoul University Press, Seoul, Korea. pp. 292-297.

10.
Kumanotani, J. 1995. Urushi (oriental lacquer)-a natural aesthetic durable and future-promising coating. Progress in Organic Coatings, 26:163-195. crossref(new window)

11.
Lee, J. C., J. Kim and Y. S. Jang. 2003. Ethanol-eluted extract of Rhus verniciflua Stokes inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in human lymphoma cells. J. Biochem. Mol. Bio. 36:337-343. crossref(new window)

12.
Lohakare, J. D., J. Zheng, J. H. Yun and B. J. Chae. 2006. Effect of lacquer (Rhus verniciflua) supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass traits and serum profile of broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:418-424.

13.
Lu, R., T. Yoshida, H. Nakashima, M. Premanathan, R. Aragaki, T. Mimura, Y. Kaneko, N. Yamamoto, T. Miyakoshi and T. Uryu. 2000. Specific biological activities of Chinese lacquer polysaccharides. Carbohydrate Polymers. 43:47-54. crossref(new window)

14.
NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry (9th revised edition). National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

15.
Park, K. Y., G. O. Jung, K. T. Lee, J. W. Choi, M. Y. Choi, G. T. Kim, H. J. Jung and H. J. Park. 2004. Antimutagenic activity of flavonoids from the heartwood of Rhus verniciflua. J. Ethnopharmacol. 90:73-79. crossref(new window)

16.
Riddell, C. 1997. Developmental, metabolic, and other noninfectious disorders. In: Diseases of poultry, 10th (Ed. B. W. Calnek, H. J. Barnes, C. W. Beard, L. R. McDougald and Y. M. Saif). Iowas State University Press, Ames, IA, pp. 913-950.

17.
SAS. 1985. SAS. User's Guide: Statistics, SAS Inst. Inc. Cary. NC. USA.

18.
Shang, X. G., F. L. Wang, D. F. Li, J. D. Yin and J. Y. Li. 2004. Effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on the productivity of laying hens and egg quality during refrigerated storage. Poult. Sci. 83:1688-1695.

19.
Song, C. H. 2005. The effect of Rhus verniciflua Stokes supplementation on growth performance and meat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Masters Dissertation Thesis submitted to Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, South Korea.

20.
Yang, J. and Y. Du. 2003. Chemical modification, characterization and bioactivity of Chinese lacquer polysaccharides from lac tree Rhus vernicifera against leukopenia induced by cyclophosphamide. Carbohydrate Polymers. 52:405-410. crossref(new window)

21.
Yang, J., Y. Du, R. Huang, Y. Wan and T. Li. 2002. Chemical modification, characterization and structure-anticoagulant activity relationships of Chinese lacquer polysaccharides. Int. J. Biological Macromolecules. 31:55-62. crossref(new window)

22.
Yousefi, M., M. Shivazad and I. Sohrabi-Haghdoost. 2005. Effects of dietary factors on induction of fatty liver-hemorrhagic syndrome and its diagnosis methods with use of serum and liver parameters in laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4:568-572. crossref(new window)