JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Feeding Levels of Microbial Fermented Soy Protein on the Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Intestinal Morphology in Weaned Piglets
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Feeding Levels of Microbial Fermented Soy Protein on the Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Intestinal Morphology in Weaned Piglets
Kim, Y.G.; Lohakare, J.D.; Yun, J.H.; Heo, S.; Chae, B.J.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
To elucidate the efficacy of different levels of microbial-fermented soy proteins (FSP) on piglet performance, a total of 240 weaned piglets (, d of age, kg initial BW) were allotted to 4 treatment diets comprising control, FSP-3%, FSP-6% and FSP-9%. The fermented soybean product named was utilized for the study. There were 15 pigs per pen and 4 pens per treatment. The control diet contained 15% soybean meal (SBM), and SBM for the treatment diets was replaced at 3, 6 and 9% with FSP, respectively. Experimental diets were fed from 0 to 14 d (phase-I) after weaning and then a common commercial diet was fed from 15 to 35 d (phase-II). There was a linear (p<0.05) increase in ADG and ADFI at both phases of measurement. The feed to gain ratio was also improved, showing a linear (p<0.01) trend as the level of supplementation increased. Except for phosphorus, the digestibility of all other nutrients was improved linearly (p<0.05) in the FSP added diets. However, villous height and crypt depth were not affected by dietary treatments. No special effect on intestinal morphology was noticed between FSP-added and control diets. In conclusion, the growth, digestibility of nutrients and morphological changes in weaned pigs fed FSP showed improved performance at higher levels of supplementation.
 Keywords
Piglets;Growth;Nutrient Digestibility;Intestine;Fermented Soy Protein;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Comparative Efficacy of Different Soy Protein Sources on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Intestinal Morphology in Weaned Pigs,;;;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 5, pp.775-783 crossref(new window)
2.
Effect of Fermented Soybean, "Natto" on the Production and Qualities of Chicken Meat,;;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 12, pp.1766-1772 crossref(new window)
3.
Characteristics of Solid-state Fermented Feed and its Effects on Performance and Nutrient Digestibility in Growing-finishing Pigs,;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 11, pp.1635-1641 crossref(new window)
4.
Evaluation of FSP (Fermented Soy Protein) to Replace Soybean Meal in Weaned Pigs: Growth Performance, Blood Urea Nitrogen and Total Protein Concentrations in Serum and Nutrient Digestibility,;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2007. vol.20. 12, pp.1874-1879 crossref(new window)
5.
Cytokine mRNA Expression in the Small Intestine of Weanling Pigs Fed Diets Supplemented with Specialized Protein or Peptide Sources,;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 12, pp.1800-1806 crossref(new window)
6.
Effects of Organic Acids on Growth Performance, Gastrointestinal pH, Intestinal Microbial Populations and Immune Responses of Weaned Pigs,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 2, pp.252-261 crossref(new window)
7.
Effects of Glucagon-like Peptide-2 on Morphology, Proliferation and Enzyme Activity of Intestinal Enterocyte Cells of Weaned Piglets In vitro,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 8, pp.1160-1166 crossref(new window)
8.
The Concept of Standardized Ileal Amino Acid Digestibilities: Principles and Application in Feed Ingredients for Piglets,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 8, pp.1209-1223 crossref(new window)
9.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of a Meju, Fermented Soybean Meal, and Aspergillus oryzae for Juvenile Parrot Fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus),;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 6, pp.849-856 crossref(new window)
10.
Effects of Diet Complexity and Fermented Soy Protein on Growth Performance and Apparent Ileal Amino Acid Digestibility in Weanling Pigs,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2010. vol.23. 11, pp.1496-1502 crossref(new window)
11.
Effects of Fermented Potato Pulp on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Carcass Traits and Plasma Parameters of Growing-finishing Pigs,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2011. vol.24. 10, pp.1456-1463 crossref(new window)
12.
Energy and Ileal Digestible Amino Acid Concentrations for Growing Pigs and Performance of Weanling Pigs Fed Fermented or Conventional Soybean Meal,;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014. vol.27. 5, pp.706-716 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
AOAC. 1990. Official method of analysis (15th ed). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, VA.

2.
Cera, K. R., D. C. Mahan, R. F. Cross, G. A. Reinhart and R. E. Whitmoyer. 1988. Effect of age, weaning and post weaning diet on small intestinal growth and jejunal morphology in young swine. J. Anim. Sci. 66:574-584.

3.
Chae, B. J., In K. Han, J. H. Kim, C. J. Yang, J. D. Hancock, I. H. Kim and D. A. Anderson. 1999. Effects of dietary protein sources on ileal digestibility and growth performance for earlyweaned pigs. Livestock. Prod. Sci. 58:45-54. crossref(new window)

4.
Gall, D. G. and M. Chung. 1982. Effect of body weight on postnatal development of the proximal small intestine of the rabbit. Biol. Neonat. 42:159. crossref(new window)

5.
Hong, K. J., C. H. Lee and S. W. Kim. 2004. Aspergillus oryzae GB-107 fermentation improves nutritional quality of food soybeans and feed soybean meals. J. Med. Food. 4:430-435.

6.
Kelly, D., J. A. Smyth and K. J. McCracken. 1991. Digestive development in the early weaned pig. I. Effect of continuous nutrient supply on the development of the digestive tract and on changes in the digestive enzyme activity during the first week post-weaning. Br. J. Nutr. 65:169-180. crossref(new window)

7.
Lalles, J. P. 1993. Soy products as protein sources for preruminant and young pigs. In: Soy in Animal Nutrition (Ed. J. K. Drackley) Federation of Anim. Sci. Soc. Savoy, IL. pp. 106-125.

8.
Li, D. F., J. L. Nelssen, P. G. Reddy, F. Blecha, J. D. Hancock, G. L. Allee, R. D. Goodband and R. D. Klemm. 1990. Transient hypersensitivity to soybean meal in the early-weaned pig. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1790-1799.

9.
Li, D. F., J. L. Nelssen, P. G. Reddy, F. Blecha, R. D. Klemm, D. W. Giesting, J. D. Hancock, G. L. Allee and R. D. Goodband. 1991a. Measuring suitability of soybean products for earlyweaned pigs with immunological criteria. J. Anim. Sci. 69:3299-3307.

10.
Li, D. F., J. L. Nelssen, P. G. Reddy, F. Blecha, R. D. Klemm and R. D. Goodband. 1991b. Inter-relationship between hypersensitivity to soybean proteins and growth performance in early-weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 69:4062-4069.

11.
Liepens, A. and E. DeHaven. 1978. A rapid method of cell drying for scanning electron microscopy. Scanning Electron Microsc. 2:37.

12.
Min, B. J., J. W. Hong, O. S. Kwon, W. B. Lee, Y. C. Kim, I. H. Kim, W. T. Cho and J. H. Kim. 2004. The effect of feeding processed soy protein on the growth performance and apparent ileal digestibility in weanling pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1271-1276.

13.
Moore, S. 1963. On the determination of cystine as cysteric acid. J. Biol. Sci. 38:235-237.

14.
NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine (10th Ed). National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

15.
Pluske, J. R., I. H. Williams and F. X. Aherne. 1996. Villous height and crypt depth in piglets in response to increases in the intake of cow's milk after weaning. Anim. Sci. 62:145-158. crossref(new window)

16.
SAS. 1985. SAS. User's Guide: Statistics, SAS Inst. Inc. Cary. NC., USA.

17.
Sohn, K. S., C. V. Maxwell, D. S. Buchanan and L. L. Southern. 1994. Improved soybean protein sources for early-weaned pigs: I. Effects on performance and total track amino acid digestibility. J. Anim. Sci. 72:622-630.

18.
Walker, W. R., C. V. Maxwell, F. N. Owens and D. S. Buchanan. 1986. Milk versus soybean protein sources for pigs: I. Effects of performance and digestibility. J. Anim. Sci. 63:505-512.

19.
Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M. A. M., J. M. A. J. Verdonk, J. F. J. G. Koninkx, A. C. Beynen and M. W. A. Verstegen. 2004. Dietary protein hydrolysates vs. the intact proteins do not enhance mucosal integrity and growth performance in weaned piglets. Livestock Prod. Sci. 85:151-164. crossref(new window)

20.
Yun, J. H., I. K. Kwon, J. D. Lohakare, J. Y. Choi, B. J. Chae, J. S. Yong, J. Zheng and W. T. Cho. 2005. Comparative efficacy of plant and animal protein sources on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, morphology and caecal microbiology of the early-weaned pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1285-1293.