AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, Virginia, USA.
AOAC. 1999. Official Methods of Analysis (16th Ed). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Bolsen, K. K., G. Ashbell and Z. G. Weinberg. 1996. Silage fermentation and silage additives: Review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 9:483-489.
Bureenok, S., T. Namihira, M. Tamaki, S. Mizumachi, Y. Kawamoto and T. Nakada. 2005. Fermentative quality of Guinea grass silage by using fermented juice of the epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB) as a silage additive. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:807-813.
Dado, R. G. and M. S. Allen. 1995. Intake limitations, feeding behavior and rumen function of cows challenged with rumen fill from dietary fiber of inert bulk. J. Dairy Sci. 78:118-125.
De Jong, E. A. M., H. Klomp, G. Ellen and H. van Hemert. 1992. Evaluation of a segmented-flow method for the routine determination of urea in milk. Neth. Milk Dairy J. 46:115-119.
Johnson, L., J. H. Harrison, C. Hunt, K. Shinners, C. G. Doggett and D. Sapienza. 1999. Nutritive Value of corn silage as affected by maturity and mechanical processing. J. Dairy Sci. 82:2813-2819.
Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa and M. S. Khan. 2004. Feeding value of urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without enzose (corn dextrose) for lactating crossbred cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1093-1097.
Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, Z. Iqbal, M. S. Khan, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2006a. Chemical composition, in situ digestion kinetics and feeding value of Oat grass (Avena sativa) ensiled with molasses for Nili-Ravi Buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1127-1133.
Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, S. A. Bhatti, Z. Iqbal, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, H. S. Kim and K. S. Ki. 2006b. Feeding value of urea treated wheat straw ensiled with or without acidified molasses in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:645-650.
Khan, M. A., Z. Iqbal, M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, M. S. Khan, H. J. Lee, W. S. Lee, H. S. Kim and K. S. Ki. 2006c. Urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without additives for buffaloes: Ruminal characteristics, digestibility and nitrogen metabolism. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:705-712.
Khorasani, G. R., E. K. Okine, J. J. Kennelly and J. H. Helm. 1993. Effect of whole crop cereal grain silage substituted for alfalfa silage on performance of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3536-3542.
Man, N. V. and H. Wiktorsson. 2001. Cassava tops ensiled with or without molasses as additive effect on quality, feed intake and digestibility by heifers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:624-631.
Nisa, M., N. A. Touqir, M. Sarwar, M. A. Khan and M. Akhatar. 2005. Effect of additives and fermentation periods on chemical composition and in situ digestion kinetics of Mott grass (Pennisitum purpureum) silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:812-815.
NRC (National research council). 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th revised Edn. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. USA.
Rook, J. A. F. and P. C. Thomas. 1982. Silage for milk production. National Institute of Research in Dairying, Reading, England. ISBN 0-7084-0166-X
Rooke, J. A. 1995. The effect of increasing the acidity of osmolarity of grass silage hay the addition free of partially neutralized lactic acid on silage intake by sheep and upon osmolarity and acid base balance. J. Anim. Sci. 61:285-293.
Ruiz, T. M., W. K. Sanchez, C. R. Straples and L. E. Sollenberger. 1992. Comparison of "Mott" dwarf elephant grass silage and corn silage for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 75:533-539.
Sarwar, M., J. L. Firkins and M. L Estridge. 1991. Effect of replacing neutral detergent fiber of forage with soy hulls and corn gluten feed for dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 74:1006-1015.
Sarwar, M. and M. U. Nisa. 1999. In situ digestion kinetics of Mott grass (Pennisetum purpuretum) on its chemical composition, dry matter intake, ruminal characteristics and digestibility in buffalo bulls. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 9:910-914.
Sarwar, M. and Z. U. Hasan. 2001. Nutrient Metabolism in Ruminants. Friends Science Publishers, 399-B, Peoples colony # 1, Faisalabad, Pakistan. ISBN# 969-8490-03-5.
Sarwar, M., M. A. Khan and M. Nisa. 2004. Influence of ruminally protected fat and urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without corn steep liquor on nutrient intake, digestibility, milk yield and its composition in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.17:86-93.
Sarwar, M., M. A. Khan, M. Nisa and N. A.Touqir. 2005. Influence of berseem and lucerne silages on feed intake, nutrient digestibility and milk yield in lactating Nili buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:475-478.
Sarwar, M., M. Nisa, M. A. Khan and M. Mushtaque. 2006. Chemical composition, herbage yield, and nutritive value of Panicum antidotale and Pennisetum orientale for Nili buffaloes at different clipping intervals. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:176-184.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). 1988. 'SAS user's guide: Statistics' (SAS Inst. Inc., Carry, NC).
Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1984. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. (2nd Ed.) McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York, USA.
Thomas, C. and P. C. Thomas. 1985. Factors affecting the nutritive value of grass silages. In: (Ed. W. Haresign and D. J. A. Cole). Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Butterworths, London. pp. 223-256.
Torotich, M. J. 1992. Minimizing the loss of ammonia during urea treatment of wheat straw for growing calves. M.Sc. Thesis, Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar, India.
Tyrrell, H. F. and J. T. Reid. 1965. Prediction of the energy value of cow's milk. J. Dairy Sci. 48:1215-1223.
Van Keulen, J. and B. A. Young. 1977. Evaluation of acid insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. J. Anim. Sci. 44:282-289.
Van Soest, P. J., H. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Method of dietary fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal material. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3591.
Waldo, D. R. and N. A. Jorgensen. 1981. Forages for high animal production: nutritional factors and effects of conservation. J. Dairy Sci. 64:1207-1224.